Write my Paper for Cheap in High Quality -
Thesis Statement by jose olivares on …
Charles River, Medical Campus Resume Operations Saturday. The Boston University Charles River and thesis of child, Medical Campuses will reopen after a citywide shutdown on April 19. Photo by photo flowers, Vernon Doucette. Boston University’s Charles River and Medical Campuses returns to near normal operations on Saturday, following the lifting Friday night of state officials#8217; request that people in Boston and surrounding towns remain in their homes. Saturday classes on the Charles River Campus that had been canceled will remain canceled, but many events that had been canceled will take place as originally scheduled. Saturday classes for Executive MBA students will be held at 595 Comm Ave beginning at thesis on effects 8 a.m.
BU Today will post information about rescheduling as it becomes available. Job Resume! A normal class schedule will be in effect beginning Monday morning. Admissions Office open houses and campus tours are canceled. The School of Dental Medicine resumes normal clinical operations on Saturday. School of Medicine exams scheduled for Saturday are taking place as scheduled. In the meantime, cancellations and procedures put in place for Friday evening remain in place.
All campus activities, including all student clubs and thesis statement of child abuse, organizations, for Friday evening have been canceled. Mugar Memorial Library, the School of Management Pardee Library, the School of Education Library, the Science and Engineering Library, and narrative essay day of, the Stone Science Library are all closed. FitRec is closed. Of Child Abuse! The BUS (BU Shuttle) will not be in service. Kenneth Elmore (SED#8217;87), dean of peterson's perfect personal statements students, asks all students who leave their residences to be vigilant and take care of each other.
BU Police have increased their presence on of child the Charles River Campus and the Medical Campus. Statements! On Friday evening, dining services are open at West Campus, Warren Towers, 100 Bay State Road, and the Buick Street Market. Statement! BU Police Chief Thomas Robbins asks that all students who visit dining halls take the most direct route to and from their residences, and that they do not linger outside. Robbins says police will be posted along routes to perfect dining halls. More information is of child, available on essay the Dining Services website.
All retail outlets on statement of child abuse campus are closed. Students are asked to eat at the dining room nearest to their residence. Residents in East and Central Campus dining at the Fresh Food Company at Marciano Commons (100 Bay State Road), should follow the narrative essay on the my life, schedule listed below. Lines may be longer than usual. Thesis! Please be patient. Students are asked not to linger in flowers, the dining rooms after finishing meals, so other students will be able to eat. The Warren Towers dining room will be open until 9 p.m. South Campus residents should dine at Warren Towers.
The Warren Towers Late Nite will be closed Friday evening. The Fresh Food Company at West Campus will be open Friday until 9 p.m. for the residents of Claflin, Sleeper, and Rich Halls, 1019 Commonwealth Avenue, and thesis statement on effects of child abuse, 33 Harry Agganis Way. Students breathe a sigh of relief as the second Boston Marathon suspect is apprehended. Photo by Max Belin (COM#039;14) The Fresh Food Company at Marciano Commons (100 Bay State Road) schedule is as follows: Danielsen Hall, 517, 519, 521, and essay title italics or quotes, 531 Beacon Streets, Myles floors 2, 3, 4, and 5, and Myles Annex. Myles floors 6, 7, 8, and 9, Shelton Hall (Kilachand Hall), and statement on effects of child, 481-483 Beacon Street. 575 Commonwealth Avenue and Bay State Road brownstones (odd side of the street). The Towers (140 Bay State Road), Bay State Road brownstones (even side of the street), and 625 Commonwealth Avenue. Late Nite Kitchen at Marciano Commons will be closed Friday evening. The Hillel House kosher dining room will be open from photo flowers, 7:30 to 8:30 p.m. Thesis On Effects Of Child! The Buick Street Market Cafe will close at 9 p.m.
All other retail dining locations will remain closed Friday evening. Peterson's Perfect Personal! On Saturday, Dining Services will resume its usual weekend services and normal weekend hours will be in effect at FitRec, the thesis statement on effects, George Sherman Union, and Mugar Memorial Library. All service on the MBTA has been restored, although the Copley Square station on the Green Line remains closed because of the how scientific revolution caused, ongoing investigation of the bombings. The BU Shuttle (the BUS) will resume normal service beginning Monday morning. As for Friday’s canceled classes, “a makeup day will not be scheduled,” says Nicole Hawkes, associate provost for strategic initiatives.
Rather, “individual faculty will make arrangements with their students for proceeding with the semester’s work.” The Medical Campus is under a Phase A advisory and resumes normal operations Saturday, April 20. The campus remains under controlled access protocols; use the main entrances to all Medical Campus buildings and be prepared to display proper University identification at thesis all times while on campus. Job Resume! In a letter to students sent Friday night, Elmore asked them to #8220;take a moment for yourself to thesis of child abuse reflect upon all that has happened this week. Talk with a trusted friend or loved one.#8221; Elmore also urged any students #8220;experiencing difficulty#8221; to contact one of the University#8217;s numerous counseling services. Essay Flowers! For students who wish to talk about what is going on, there are several resources available via telephone and in the residences. Students living in a residence hall can visit a residence hall office for counseling resources. Crisis counseling services can be reached at 617-353-7277 and of child abuse, Student Health Services and thesis, Behavioral Medicine at of child abuse 617-353-3569. Students who wish to talk to the chaplain staff should call 617-353-3560.
The Faculty Staff Assistance Office is available to provide confidential counseling to graduate students, faculty, staff, and their families. For more updates, visit the University’s official social media accounts (@BU_Tweets, @DeanElmore, @BUDiningService, @BU_FYI on revolution enlightenmrnt Twitter and on effects of child abuse, Boston University’s Facebook page).
Buy Essays Online from Successful Essay -
A good thesis statement on child …
Paradise Lost, John Milton (Literary Criticism (1400-1800)) - Essay. Paradise Lost John Milton. The following entry presents criticism of Milton's epic poem Paradise Lost (published in ten books in 1667; enlarged into twelve books in 1674). Thesis Statement Of Child Abuse? See also, John Milton Criticism . The story of the Fall of Man is known to narrative on the best, many people not so much through the Bible as through John Milton's Paradise Lost. Statement On Effects? Milton's epic presents a version of Genesis that has become part of biblical lore, to the extent that many Christians who have never read the work nonetheless base their understanding of the title or quotes, Creation and the Fall on Milton's additions and elaborations. The poem's tremendous influence aside, the sheer breadth of thesis statement Milton's undertaking and the unparalleled beauty of his verse have made Paradise Lost one of the most significant works in the English literary canon, and poets from his own era to the present have cited Milton as a major influence. Milton's greatest poem was first published not long after his fortunes had sunk to their lowest level. As a religious and political dissenter, Milton had been a supporter of the Commonwealth government of Oliver Cromwell. He had been strongly critical of King Charles I, whose execution marked the Interregnum period during which Milton acted as the Secretary for the Foreign Tongues for the Council of State and essay, wrote several political tracts opposing the former monarchy. Among them was Eikonoklastes (1649), an answer to thesis statement on effects of child, Charles I's Eikon Basilike, a work purportedly written the night before his execution, in thesis cv, which Charles depicted himself as a royal martyr.
Although he became totally blind in statement on effects of child, 1652, Milton continued his duties as Secretary, hiring Andrew Marvell in 1653 to act as his assistant. Upon the death of peterson's perfect personal Cromwell in on effects of child abuse, September of 1658, however, the peterson's personal statements, Commonwealth government became unstable. By mid-1659, Milton had gone into thesis statement of child hiding. Parliament began pursuing his arrest, and his books— A Defense of the English People (1651) and Eikonoklastes especially—were burned publicly. Milton moved from house to house that year until he was captured and imprisoned for approximately two months. Charles II was restored to the throne in 1660, and although Milton was pardoned, his personal life remained troubled: his marriage to his third wife, Elizabeth Minshull, in perfect statements, 1663, infuriated his daughters from on effects of child abuse his first marriage, who may have attempted retaliation by disposing of his books. He escaped the plague of 1665 by leaving London, but the Great Fire of 1666 destroyed his father's house. He had, however, finished Paradise Lost in 1664, according to some sources, and succeeded in essay title, publishing it in thesis statement on effects, 1667; his contract with the printer Samuel Simmons is the earliest surviving author's contract.
The poem was published again in a slightly expanded second edition in 1674, with prefatory poems by “S. B.” and Marvell. Thanks in peterson's perfect personal statements, large part to Paradise Lost, recognition of Milton's skill and talent as a poet had grown considerably by the time of his death that year. Plot and statement of child abuse, Major Characters. Paradise Lost tells a story that is among the peterson's perfect statements, most familiar in Judaic and Christian cultures: the story of the Fall of humanity in Eden. The central figures in thesis of child abuse, the poem include God, Jesus, Satan, Adam, Eve, and the archangels Raphael and title italics, Michael. Book 1 begins as Satan awakes in hell, having lost his rebellion against God in heaven.
He awakens his followers; begins to plot revenge against God by corrupting God's newest creation, Man; and convenes a council of the fallen angels. Book 2 recounts the thesis statement on effects, proceedings of this council, during which Satan volunteers to search out earth and this new creation. He escapes hell, passing through the gate guarded by Sin and Death, crosses the vast gulf between hell and heaven, and essay title italics or quotes, comes to the edge of the statement of child, universe. In Book 3 God, who sees all, is aware of Satan's plan and creates a remedy for Man's imminent fall: the Son (Jesus) will come to earth and conquer death. In the photo essay flowers, meantime, Satan makes his way toward earth, deceiving the angel Uriel, who guards the way. Uriel directs Satan to earth. Statement On Effects Of Child Abuse? In Book 4 Satan finds Eden. There he sees Adam and Eve and listens to photo essay flowers, them talk. The couple recall their creation and on effects of child, their first meeting, and Satan burns with grief and jealousy.
That night, in the shape of a toad at Eve's ear, Satan influences her dreams as she sleeps. However, he is discovered by angels guarding Paradise and departs. Book 5 opens with Eve relating her dream to Adam. In the dream, Satan, appearing as a good angel, leads Eve to the forbidden tree, eats the fruit, and encourages her to do the same. Later, the angel Raphael comes to talk to Adam and warns him of Satan's plans.
In response to Adam's questions, Raphael relates the story of the war in heaven. This narration concludes Book 5 and continues through all of Book 6. In response to further questions from essay title Adam, Raphael recounts the story of the thesis statement on effects of child abuse, Creation in Book 7. In Book 8 Adam in turn tells Raphael about what he recalls since his creation and the creation of Eve, the partner whom he requested from God, and they discuss the nature of human love. Book 9 presents the job resume, downfall first of Eve then of Adam. Satan sneaks back into the garden and hides inside a serpent. On Effects Abuse? The next morning, as Eve is working in photo essay flowers, the garden, he goes to her and convinces her to eat from the Tree of thesis statement on effects of child Knowledge, although she knows God has forbidden it. Knowing she has done wrong, and unable to bear being separated from Adam, she convinces him to eat the fruit too. From that moment, lust and anger define their relationship.
In Book 10 the Son comes to judge Adam and Eve, who refuse to take responsibility for title or quotes their actions. They are to be expelled from Eden. Statement On Effects? Eve will experience pain in childbirth and must submit to the will of essay italics her husband; Adam must labor for his food. Both will know death. Sin and Death are pleased with Satan's success and make plans to come live on earth, building a bridge between earth and hell in order to ease the thesis statement on effects, path between them. Satan returns to hell to celebrate with the narrative on the day of, other fallen angels, but they are all turned into snakes. Thesis Statement Of Child? God reorders the heavens and earth, bringing about harsh weather and climates. Essay Italics? Adam and Eve are despondent, and Eve considers suicide before Adam relents in his anger. They decide to thesis statement on effects, ask God for forgiveness and are glad that they are still together. In Book 11 the title or quotes, Son is moved by thesis statement of child their remorse and intercedes for them with God. God forgives them but insists that they leave Paradise, sending Michael to peterson's perfect personal statements, guide them out and instruct them on proper living.
Beginning in Book 11 and continuing into Book 12, Michael shows Adam a vision of the future, telling the stories of Cain and Abel, Abraham, Moses, David, and other Old Testament figures. He also reassures Adam that the Son will come and thesis on effects abuse, conquer death by taking on Adam's punishment himself. Michael also tells Adam that although they must leave Paradise, God is everywhere on earth and will be near them. Michael then leads Adam and Eve to the gates of Paradise, and they set off in the world together, hand in hand. Milton's stated purpose in Paradise Lost was to “justify the ways of God to man.” Central to this project was defining the nature of obedience, free will, and just authority. Satan provides a foil for God, setting up an illegitimate kingdom in hell that contrasts with the natural and just rule of essays revolution caused God in thesis statement abuse, heaven. Satan's arguments are often compelling: he claims the angels have liberty in hell, if not comfort, and he opposes the hierarchies of heaven. Photo Flowers? The contrast compels readers to judge the true nature of liberty and thesis on effects abuse, the true source of authority, and encourages them to distinguish between genuine freedom and mere lawlessness or chaos, while firmly asserting humanity's free will with respect to God. Among the hierarchies of greatest interest to Milton in Paradise Lost is that found in marriage. As some critics have noted, Milton spends a large amount of time establishing and reinforcing an idea that almost no one in his age would have seriously contested: the inferiority of women to men.
The extent to which the poem actually portrays women as inferior has long been a matter of debate, but it clearly states, more than once, that women must be in a mediated position: Eve relates to God through Adam; she is in the background when Adam talks to the angels; she is expected to photo essay, follow Adam's lead. Nonetheless, despite the repeated stress on Eve's lower position with respect to Adam, the poem also describes in detail the on effects of child abuse, ideal nature of wedded love as ordained by God. In long passages discussing love and essays revolution, marriage, Milton portrays the model relationship as an equal partnership of shared labor. God creates Eve to provide Adam with a companion worthy of him, after Adam complains that the beasts are not enough. While she is not Adam's equal in reason, she has merits he lacks, and thesis abuse, enough reason to be fit for mutual conversation and work. Among the most fascinating of Adam and how scientific revolution caused enlightenmrnt, Eve's conversations are those in which they discuss their creation and self-recognition. The development of selfhood and the recognition of others as distinct from the thesis, self is peterson's statements, a crucial part of Milton's creation story.
In particular, Eve's awakening and subsequent introduction to Adam is statement, a model for the gradual human development of self-awareness. Milton's poetic contemporaries were generally awed by flowers his achievement. John Dryden, the leading poet of Restoration society, remarked that in Paradise Lost Milton had outdone any other poet of his time: “This man has cut us all out, and the ancients too,” he was reported to have said. Some scholars have verified Dryden's assessment, suggesting that the decline of the epic genre was the direct result of Milton's supreme achievement, making any further efforts in the epic impossible and superfluous. Although in statement abuse, many ways Milton was very much out of step with his contemporaries—religiously, politically, and artistically—his accomplishment in essay, Paradise Lost was readily acknowledged, and his stature as a poet only increased through the eighteenth century and into thesis statement on effects abuse the nineteenth, perhaps reaching a peak during the Romantic era. Romantic poets, including John Keats, William Blake, and Percy Shelley, celebrated Milton's genius and drew heavily from his influence. By the early twentieth century, however, some literary scholars began to question Milton's talent. Inconsistencies in the poem became a target for the criticism of such luminaries as F. R. Leavis and job resume downloads, T. S. Eliot. Milton's artistry and of child, reputation was already established, however. Criticism of the later twentieth century falls generally into three broad schools: political readings of the work, stylistic readings, and thematic interpretations. Scholars take for granted that Paradise Lost reflects Milton's frustration with the failed Revolution.
Joan Bennett has argued that Milton's depiction of Satan has strong connections to Charles I, linking his exploration of tyranny in Paradise Lost to his prose writings on the tyranny of the monarchy. More broadly, historian Christopher Hill has suggested that the narrative best, Fall of Man was for Milton analogous to the collapse of the Commonwealth government, each constituting a failure of humanity to choose the right path. On Effects? Criticism on the form of Paradise Lost has investigated Milton's innovations with the epic: Mary Ann Radzinowicz has detailed the poet's adaptation of psalm genres to the epic form, and Barbara Kiefer Lewalski has found that Milton appropriated a wide variety of perfect statements genres to create the multiple voices of statement of child his characters, particularly in the difficult task of characterizing God. Among the studies of the major themes in the poem, scholarship on Milton and women has been dominant. Opinions on Milton's misogyny or feminism have varied widely, with some scholars declaring that Milton was obsessed with the inherent wickedness of women, and others finding Milton to be a true champion of women's worth. More nuanced readings of Paradise Lost have acknowledged Milton's insistence on women's subordination while also observing how the poem portrays women as independent humans with free will. Diane Kelsey McColley's study of caused Eve in Paradise Lost was among the first important studies attempting to strike a balance in the interpretation of thesis statement on effects Milton's depiction of the downloads, first woman.
Other critics, such as Maureen Quilligan, have noted that much of the movement of the poem depends upon Eve and her use of free will. And, as Linda Gregerson has argued, Milton's narration of Eve's coming to selfhood makes Eve, and abuse, not Adam, the model for photo flowers human subjectivity. Access our Paradise Lost Study Guide for Free. A Maske Presented at Ludlow Castle, 1634, on Michaelmas Night, before the of child abuse, Right Honorable John Earle of Bridgewater, Viscount Brackly (drama) 1637. “Lycidas” [published in Obsequies to the Memorie of Mr. Edward King, Anno. Dom. 1638 Epitaphium Damonis ] (poetry) 1640.
“On Hobson the Carrier” [published in Witts Recreations, Selected from the perfect personal, Finest Fancies of statement on effects of child Moderne Muses ] (poetry) 1640; Animadversions upon the Remonstrants Defence, against Smectymnuus (essay) 1641. An Answer to photo, a Book Entitled “An Humble Remonstrance,” in Which the Originall of Liturgy Episcopacy Is Discussed (essay) 1641. (The entire section is 739 words.) Get Free Access to this Paradise Lost Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and statement of child abuse, thousands more. Get Better Grades.
Our 30,000+ summaries will help you comprehend your required reading to ace every test, quiz, and essay. We've broken down the chapters, themes, and characters so you can understand them on your first read-through. Access Everything From Anywhere. We have everything you need in one place, even if you're on the go. Download our handy iOS app for peterson's statements free. Diane Kelsey McColley (essay date 1983) SOURCE: McColley, Diane Kelsey. “Shapes of thesis statement on effects abuse Things Divine: Eve, Myth, and Dream.” In Milton's Eve, pp. 63-109.
Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1983. [ In this excerpt, Colley examines the scene in which Eve observes herself in the pool after her creation. Statements? Colley disputes interpretations that view Eve's actions as a narcissistic impulse, instead maintaining that the scene asserts Eve's free will. ] The allusion to thesis statement of child, pagan fable that most haunts views of Milton's Eve is her Narcissus-like behavior when, fresh from her Creator's hand, she pauses at the verge of the mirror lake attracted by thesis cv her own reflection and has to. (The entire section is 6799 words.) Get Free Access to thesis statement of child abuse, this Paradise Lost Study Guide.
Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. Maureen Quilligan (essay date 1983) SOURCE: Quilligan, Maureen. “The Gender of the Reader and the Problem of Sexuality.” In Milton's Spenser: The Politics of Reading, pp. 175-244. Essays How Scientific Revolution? Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1983. [ In this excerpt, Quilligan looks at abuse the role of thesis supervised reading and listening in Paradise Lost, noting that much of the action in the poem turns on whether Eve assumes a mediate position and with whom, concluding that Eve comes close to demonstrating the poem's “fit reader.” ] THE GENDER OF MILTON'S MUSE AND, THE PROBLEM OF THE FIT READER. If we turn now to that superior song and statement on effects of child, look at one of Milton's invocations in Paradise Lost, we shall see. (The entire section is 9007 words.)
Barbara Kiefer Lewalski (essay date 1985) SOURCE: Lewalski, Barbara Kiefer. “‘Other Excellence’: Generic Multiplicity and Milton's Literary God.” In Paradise Lost and the Rhetoric of Literary Forms, pp. 110-39. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1985. [ In this excerpt, Lewalski suggests that Milton made use of earlier epic types, merged with biblical allusions, to approximate divine models of heroism and power, and to convey the essays how scientific revolution caused enlightenmrnt, wonder of the Creation. ] It is a commonplace of criticism that the most difficult problem Milton faced in Paradise Lost involved the portrayal of God. Milton indeed undertook to “justify the ways of God to men,” but the problem for many readers—from his. (The entire section is 11361 words.) James Grantham Turner (essay date 1987) SOURCE: Turner, James Grantham. “Love Made in the First Age: Edenic Sexuality in Paradise Lost and Its Analogues.” In One Flesh: Paradisal Marriage and Sexual Relations in the Age of Milton, pp. 230-309. Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, 1987.
[ In this excerpt, Turner examines Milton's depiction of sexuality before the Fall, observing that Milton appears to thesis abuse, envision an innocent eroticism and equal partnership not entirely in how scientific revolution caused enlightenmrnt, keeping with the later admonitions of Raphael and Christ. ] 2. Thesis On Effects Of Child? PASSION AND SUBORDINATION. Milton's vision of pre-lapsarian sexuality, like the landscape of Paradise where it unfolds, is distinguished from essay flowers all others. (The entire section is 9156 words.) Mary Ann Radzinowicz (essay date 1989) SOURCE: Radzinowicz, Mary Ann. “‘Smit with the Love of Sacred Song’: Psalm Genres.” In Milton's Epics and the Book of thesis on effects of child abuse Psalms, pp. 135-69. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1989.
[ In this excerpt, Radzinowicz suggests that the mixture of psalm genres and job resume, classical influences apparent in the work allows Paradise Lost to thesis statement on effects, transcend the epic genre and become an expression of personal religious worship as well. ] Milton's use of psalm genre in Paradise Lost is not only prior to that in Paradise Regained, but richer. This richness owes something to the greater sweep of Paradise Lost, a sweep that allows him both to exploit all the literary. (The entire section is 11652 words.) SOURCE: Bennett, Joan S. “Satan and statement on effects abuse, King Charles: Milton's Royal Portraits.” In Reviving Liberty: Radical Christian Humanism in Milton's Great Poems, pp. 33-58. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1989. [ In this essay, Bennett contends that although Paradise Lost is not a true political allegory, a comparison between Milton's prose works on English history and his characterization of Satan reveals a strong connection between the tyranny of narrative day of my life Charles I and the false freedom of the fallen angels. ] Milton's conception in Paradise Lost of the fall of Lucifer has always been recognized as political in nature. On Effects Of Child? Because of the poet's twenty years'. (The entire section is 12317 words.) SOURCE: Gregerson, Linda. “Fault Lines: Milton's Mirror of Desire.” In The Reformation of the Subject: Spenser, Milton, and the English Protestant Epic, pp.
148-97. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995. [ In this excerpt, Gregerson discusses the development of subjectivity in Paradise Lost, focusing on the issue of sexual difference and subordination. ] SATAN AND RECOGNITION. I have discussed Eve's tale of origins as though we had somehow been given unmediated access to it. But though the story is on the my life, our first encounter with Eve's speaking voice in Paradise Lost, it is addressed in the first place not to thesis abuse, us but to Adam and if. (The entire section is 9881 words.) Sharon Achinstein (essay date 1997)
SOURCE: Achinstein, Sharon. “Milton's Spectre in the Restoration: Marvell, Dryden, and Literary Enthusiasm.” Huntington Library Quarterly 59, no. 1 (1997): 1-29. [ In this essay, Achinstein compares Andrew Marvell's and John Dryden's responses to essay on the best my life, Paradise Lost in terms of the postrevolution issues of political and thesis statement on effects of child, religious toleration. ] — The Transproser Rehears'd (1673) As good almost kill a man as kill a good book,” Milton had written in 1644: the Restoration government saw fit to how scientific revolution caused, do both. On Effects Of Child? Milton somehow escaped the death penalty. (The entire section is 12706 words.) SOURCE: Stevens, Paul. “ Paradise Lost and the Colonial Imperative.” Milton Studies 34 (1997): 3-21. [ In this essay, Stevens addresses the issue of colonialism in Milton's poem, countering an earlier argument that Paradise Lost maintained an implicit critique of empire. ] And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth. Colonies … have their warrant from. (The entire section is 8612 words.)
Fessenden, Tracy. “‘Shapes of Things Divine’: Images, Iconoclasm, and Resistant Materiality in Paradise Lost. ” Christianity and personal, Literature 48, No. 4 (summer 1999): 425-43. Suggests that Milton counters the negative position on images set forth in his prose tracts, instead creating the possibility that images could be redeemed. Fish, Stanley. “‘Not so much a Teaching as an thesis on effects of child Intangling’: The Good Temptation.” In Surprised by Sin: The Reader in flowers, “Paradise Lost,” second edition, pp. 38-56. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1998. Argues that the thesis on effects, challenges of reading . (The entire section is 624 words.) Paradise Lost Homework Help Questions. The idea that John Milton’s Paradise Lost may partly allude to the political paradise of the English Interregnum – a paradise “lost” through the restoration of the monarchy during the reign. Book I of John Milton's epic poem Paradise Lost describes Satan as utterly dismayed to be thrown form the realm of essay on the best day of my life light to a place of dark and suffering .
Satan has been left his spirit and. Milton's Paradise Lost is a long, narrative poem told in a serious manner, using elevated language, featuring characters of thesis statement on effects abuse a high position. All of these characteristics suggest the work is flowers, an. When meaning is unclear, it is important to analyze a quotation in context with the rest of the thesis statement on effects abuse, text [I've inserted the narrative essay my life, whole contextual quote above]. You must ask questions like: Who is of child abuse, speaking.
Paradise Lost, mirroring Homeric epics like The Aeneid, begins in medias res, that is, in the middle of things--after God has already cast Satan and his followers out of heaven and into a pit of.
High Quality Custom Essay Writing Service -
Thesis statement on child abuse and neglect - Мой блог
15 Quick Tips for a Winning Resume. by Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. As part of the celebration of Quintessential Careers#8217;s 15th anniversary, we#8217;re presenting lists of 15 tips on some of the most essential topics in college, job search, and career. Yikes! You find yourself in a position to craft a resume or update an existing resume. So much resume advice floats around out there, making you wonder about the best approach. The tips we offer here capture the most important aspects of an on effects of child, effective resume.
You can scarcely go wrong if you incorporate these nuggets into your next resume. Here#8217;s our list of the caused enlightenmrnt, 15 best tips for job-seekers in thesis statement on effects of child abuse crafting a winning resume. Your resume must be sharply focused and target your desired career goal with precision. Job Resume? Job-seekers tend to forget that employers review resumes extremely quickly #8212; often in just a few seconds. An employer taking such a quick glance should be able to immediately grasp what you want to do and gain a sense of the value you can contribute to the organization. The resume must focus on key strengths that position the statement on effects, candidate to supervised cv, meet a specific need and thesis on effects of child, target specific jobs/employers. How Scientific Revolution? In other words, employers don#8217;t consider resumes that aren#8217;t focused on statement on effects abuse a job#8217;s specific requirements to be competitive. Supervised? Employers and statement of child abuse, recruiters expect your resume to be precisely tailored to the position you#8217;re applying for. The reader should be able to peterson's personal, tell at a glance exactly what job you#8217;re targeting and thesis statement of child, what need you will fill. The reader should never have to guess or wade through copious text to determine what job you want and what you#8217;d be good at.
An unfocused resume is a time-waster for job resume downloads, the employer. Ways you can sharpen your focus include a headline atop your resume stating the on effects of child abuse, type of job you seek, a branding statement that positions you for supervised, a specific job or type of job (headlines and branding statements are often used in combination), a Qualifications Summary or Professional Profile section, a section listing your Core Competencies/Proficiencies/Areas of thesis statement on effects of child abuse, Expertise, strategic organization of your resume to position you for the job you seek, and bullet points describing your experience in a way that is job resume downloads specifically tailored to thesis of child, the position you seek. To ensure a sharp focus, you will likely need to create multiple versions of essay italics or quotes, your resume, building a boilerplate version that you then customize to each specific positions. Today#8217;s resume must be keyword-rich. The majority of resumes submitted to employers today are handled by thesis statement on effects of child abuse Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS), which Wikipedia defines as software applications #8220;that enable the electronic handling of corporate recruitment needs.#8221; The systems store #8220;candidate data inside a database to allow effective searching, filtering, and photo, routing of applications.#8221; Because applicant tracking software and thesis on effects of child abuse, keyword-searchable databases dominate today#8217;s hiring process, successful resumes must feature cutting-edge industry jargon in flowers the form of keywords. Statement? To read more about using keywords in essay flowers resumes, see our article Tapping the Power of thesis abuse, Keywords to Enhance Your Resume#8217;s Effectiveness. When your resume is essays revolution caused seen by the human eye, it needs to thesis of child, catch attention and be simultaneously reader-friendly. The print version of an effective resume must be sleek, distinctive, and clean yet eye-catching. Your resume should feature conservative, easy-to-read fonts, plenty of thesis cv, white space, a layout/design that goes beyond ordinary yet is not so far out as to turn employers off, and graphic elements that add interest, such as rule lines, boxes, shaded areas, and tables (for print version only, as these graphic elements will likely not hold up when entered into employers#8217; Applicant Tracking Systems.) Avoid instantly recognizable Microsoft Word resume templates. Employers have seen a million of them, so they don#8217;t stand out. Resumes, especially for career changers, need to portray skills as applicable and transferable to the position the job-seeker is thesis statement targeting.
You need to show the essay my life, employer that the skills you#8217;ve polished will contribute to the bottom line, even if you seek a job different from what you#8217;ve done in the past. For more about transferable skills, read our article, Strategic Portrayal of Transferable Job Skills is a Vital Job-Search Technique. Focus on accomplishments #8212; not duties and responsibilities #8212; that set you apart from other job candidates. In each job, what special things did you do to set yourself apart? How did you do the on effects of child, job better than anyone else or than anyone else could have done? What did you do to make it your own? What special things did you do to impress your boss so that you might be promoted? What were the problems or challenges that you or the organization faced? What did you do to overcome the problems?
What were the essay title, results of of child abuse, your efforts? How did the organization benefit from your performance? How did you leave your employers better off than before you worked for essay, them? For more about how to identify your accomplishments, see our article For Job-Hunting Success: Track and Leverage Your Accomplishments and our Accomplishments Worksheet to thesis statement of child, help you brainstorm your accomplishments. Spotlight your best selling points up front. #8220;The Resume Ingredients Rule,#8221; set forth by Donald Asher, author of numerous resume books (see our QA with him), notes that information on narrative on the best a resume should be listed in thesis statement on effects order of importance to cv, the reader. Therefore, in thesis statement abuse listing your jobs, what#8217;s generally most important is how scientific your title/position. Statement? So list in this preferred order: Title/position, name of employer, city/state of employer, dates of employment. Also consider whether your education or your experience is your best selling point and which should therefore be listed first.
Generally, brand-new graduates list education first, while job-seekers with a few years of experience list experience first. Narrative Day Of My Life? Don#8217;t bury relevant skills, such as technical and foreign-language skills, at the bottom of your resume. If computer skills are relevant to your field, list them in a Summary or Profile section atop your resume. That way, they#8217;ll catch the thesis statement of child, reader#8217;s eye in the first third of the document. Similarly if language and international-business skills are important in photo flowers the type of job you seek, list them prominently, not at the end of your resume. Communicate your personal brand in your resume. The branding expressed in your resume captures your career identity, authenticity, passion, essence, and image, as well as the promise of the value you bring to the employer. Thesis Statement On Effects Abuse? For a branded resume, integrate a distinctive appearance, a consistent branding message woven throughout the document supporting the branded message you intend to convey, as well as a branding statement that defines who you are, your promise of personal statements, value, and why you should be sought out. Learn more with our Personal Branding Career Self-Marketing Tools for Job-Seekers and Career Activists. Statement On Effects? Make your resume a sales pitch that conveys your distinctiveness, passion, and unique understanding of the business environment. It must answer the employer#8217;s question: Why you over any other candidate?
Clearly, uniqueness is closely related to both branding and focus. If your resume conveys a sharp focus, the reader can instantly visualize you in the position you seek. If your resume is branded, it immediately communicates your promise of value. The uniqueness factor takes your resume to the next level by portraying you as not only in essays how scientific caused the position but the best person for thesis statement of child, the position, even the only logical choice for the position. When you imbue your resume with your uniqueness, you show the employer that you completely comprehend the challenges the organization faces and that you are overwhelmingly qualified to meet those challenges. If you have adequately sold your uniqueness, the perfect personal, reader reviewing your resume should say, #8220;This person gets it.#8221; Eliminate clutter from abuse, your resume. Thesis? Among the thesis, elements can clutter up your resume and impede readability are unnecessary dates (such as dates of involvement in professional or civic organizations); parentheses (no need to peterson's personal statements, set off dates of employment with parentheses; just use commas), articles #8212; those little words, #8220;a,#8221; #8220;an,#8221; and #8220;the,#8221; most of which aren#8217;t needed; and the line #8220;References available upon request#8221; (unnecessary because it is a given that you will provide references upon request.) Structure your accomplishments as stories #8212; but tell them in reverse order. You#8217;ve probably heard of a story structure commonly suggested for job-interview responses: Situation Action Result, sometimes expressed as Challenge Action Result or Problem Action Result. Since a hiring decision-maker reads your resume so quickly, you need to tell the story backwards.
Grab the reader#8217;s attention by giving away the ending first. So, instead of Situation Action Result, resume bullet points should be told as Result Action Situation. Quantify wherever possible. Statement On Effects Of Child? Employers love to see numbers #8212; metrics that provide tangible evidence of results you#8217;ve achieved. Use metrics such as percentage by which you#8217;ve increased sales or cut costs. Photo Essay Flowers? Take steps to ensure your resume is free of misspellings, grammar flaws, and typos.
Proofread it. Set it aside overnight, and then proof it again. Then have a friend, family member, or colleague who is well-versed in proper language use proof it for on effects of child abuse, you. Errors can kill your chances with many employers, so keep your resume error free. Keep your resume fresh and updated. Your resume should not be a static, stagnant document; change it as needed. If it#8217;s not working for you, have it critiqued by a professional to see what you can improve. Update it the essays revolution caused, minute you start a new job.
Track your accomplishments so you can add those to thesis of child abuse, the document. Final Thoughts on Creating a Successful Job-Search Resume. Resume-writing isn#8217;t easy, but it#8217;s not as overwhelming as it may seem. Get a feel for an effective resume by looking at samples, and consult the copious resume resources here on Quint Careers. If you still feel like you can#8217;t do it, there#8217;s no shame in consulting a professional resume writer. Questions about personal statements, some of the terminology used in of child this article? Get more information (definitions and photo essay flowers, links) on key college, career, and job-search terms by going to our Job-Seeker#8217;s Glossary of thesis statement on effects of child abuse, Job-Hunting Terms.
Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine , an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about thesis supervised cv, storytelling in statement on effects abuse the job search at A Storied Career . Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and downloads, with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters , Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot#8217;s Guide to statement on effects, Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at kathy(at)quintcareers.com. Personal? Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. Enhance your career! Take advantage of all of our expert free career development advice, tools, and more in our Career Resources Toolkit for Job-Seekers.
Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and statement on effects of child, savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Essay Flowers? Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the job you want. Dr. Randall S. Hansen.
Dr. Statement Of Child Abuse? Randall S. Hansen is founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on the Web, as well CEO of EmpoweringSites.com. He is cv also founder of MyCollegeSuccessStory.com and statement of child abuse, EnhanceMyVocabulary.com. He is publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr. Hansen is also a published author, with several books, chapters in cv books, and hundreds of articles. On Effects Of Child? He’s often quoted in the media and conducts empowering workshops around the thesis supervised, country. Finally, Dr. Hansen is thesis statement on effects abuse also an or quotes, educator, having taught at the college level for more than 15 years. Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at firstname.lastname@example.org. Check out Dr.
Hansen on GooglePlus. Thesis On Effects Abuse? Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career. Katharine, who earned her PhD in essay italics or quotes organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Dynamic Cover Letters for statement on effects of child abuse, New Graduates and how scientific revolution caused enlightenmrnt, A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by statement on effects abuse Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to job resume downloads, a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at email@example.com. Check out Dr. Thesis On Effects? Hansen on GooglePlus.
I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is your key source for all things career-change related. You#8217;ll find some great free career-change tools and resources. Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in your current career for a long time, but you do not have to go through the process alone or  Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog. Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and scoops for job-seekers, compiled by italics the staff of thesis statement abuse, Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an archive of our previous blog posts. Please check out the essay flowers, new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for statement, Job-Seekers and Careerists. Interview Advice Job  The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer#8217;s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to the career and on the my life, employment section of the  Quintessential Careers: I am a Career Coach or Counselor. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer#8217;s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to the career and employment section of the  Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter.
Customer Service Customer Service. 800-652-8430 Mon- Fri 8am - 8pm CST. Sat 8am - 5pm CST, Sun 10am - 6pm CST Stay in touch with us.
High Quality Custom Essay Writing Service -
Thesis statement on child abuse and neglect - Мой блог
Leadership Styles And Productivity. There have been as many definitions of thesis statement of child abuse, Leadership as many have tried to photo essay flowers, define it. The sheer complexity of the concept can be understood by the magnitude of the number of research articles available on the internet today. There has been none universally accepted definition however though there are a few definitions which are most sought after. According to Bass (1990), 'Leadership is an interaction between two or more members of thesis of child abuse, a group that often involves as structuring or restructuring of the situation and the perceptions and expectations of the members. Leadership occurs when one group member modifies the motivation or competencies of the other in the group. Peterson's. Any member of the group can exhibit some amount of leadership (pp. 19-20)'.
Pfinffner and Preshtus define leadership as 'a kind of moral spirit and thesis statement, responsibility in how scientific revolution caused enlightenmrnt, the leader, which is led to unifying the efforts of the employees in order to thesis of child abuse, achieve goals which exceed personal interests' (Hamadat, 2006: 16). Leadership can be explained as the ability of an individual to have power that focuses on thesis supervised, how to establish directions by adapting forces (Go et al., 1996). From an organisational perspective, Schermerhorn (1999) believed that leading is a process used to motivate and to influence others to work hard in order to realize and support organisational goals, while Hersey et al. (2001) believed that leadership influences individuals' behaviour based on both individuals' and statement on effects of child abuse, organisational goals. Robbins (2001) defined leadership as the ability of an individual to influence the behaviour of a group to achieve organisational goals. Most, if not all definitions are circumferenced around two aspects of Leadership, one being the traits that the peterson's perfect personal statements, leaders elicit and other happens to be the organisational or group goals as the situation may be which clearly exemplifies the thesis on effects of child, fact that leadership has a significant influence on the results achieved by the group or the organisation.
However, it is important to understand that situations and contexts vary in varied organisations and one kind of leadership may not work effectively in downloads, all the situations. Hence, it is important for organisations and statement on effects of child, the Leaders themselves to understand the expectations of the subordinates and then try to accommodate the same in their style of Leadership. Before we delve deeper into the relationship of Subordinate Performance and supervised, Leadership Styles, it is important to understand the different kinds of Leadership styles. One of the early work done by Kurt Lewin in 1939 along with a group of researchers identified three types of Leadership Styles ' Authoritarian, Democratic and Laissez 'fair. Most of the researches have been focussed of the thesis statement of child abuse, first two styles since the third style is considered as lack of any specific leadership style which plays a dominant part only when the subordinates are motivated and knowledgeable at the given tasks.
With the context in place of an Indian manufacturing company where the workmen are more or less at the mercy of their supervisors in decision making the study takes only the former styles of leadership to assess the relationship of productivity and leadership style. 2.1.1 Authoritarian or Autocratic Leadership. There has been lot of discussion about Hitler regarding their leading style which necessarily involved a lot of close supervision, maintaining legitimate power (Hughes, Ginnett, and Curphy). Hitler projected a personalized charismatic leadership, a style that is peterson's perfect, 'exploitative, non-egalitarian, and self-aggrandizing' (Choi). He was extremely focused on his personal control, insisting that the thesis statement on effects, 'ultimate authority rested with him and extended downward' (BBC). Hitler was known for heavily critiquing those who reported to him and became angry and frustrated with mistakes. Essays How Scientific. He did not trust others, particularly the generals who reported to him during the statement on effects abuse, Second World War. Without establishing a two-way relationship, Hitler could not, and would not, rely on the opinions of best, others, resorting to his instincts and statement, opinions (Geoffrey).
This kind of leadership falls well within the boundaries of Authoritarian Leadership. Autocratic leadership has four major characteristics: ' The leader makes all important decisions. ' The leader is primarily concerned with task accomplishment and not the subordinates satisfaction or well being. ' The leader maintains a considerable social distance from the subordinates. ' The leader employs punishment as a means of motivation rather than rewards. Looking at the psychological perspectives of the above mentioned style of downloads, leadership tests reveal that Autocratic Leaders score high on Abasement, Aggression and Achievement. However they score low on Intraception, Nurturance and Social Values. With respect to the organisational perspective, it is imperative to understand that there is no certain answer to statement on effects, which leadership style will produce the best results in an organisation.
It largely depends on the organisational culture and the kind of task at hand for the leader. For example, in downloads, a war, the thesis abuse, leaders are required to make quick decisions and don't have all the time for a democratic process, which puts forward the argument that has been made above. Autocratic leadership can bring about exceptional results by more accurate decision making when the supervised, leader has good subject expertise and can improve the productivity, however only when the leader is around. It is thesis statement on effects abuse, also suitable in thesis supervised, situations where the thesis statement of child, workforce is new and untrained or where economies of scale is being tried to be achieved which leaves little time for a democratic process to be followed in decision making. This style of leadership though most common has started to lose its shine in the present context over the democratic form of leadership. However, many still have bat in favour of this kind of peterson's personal statements, leadership citing that it is the context which determines which kind of leadership will be effective and statement on effects, not the absolute style per se. 2.1.2 Democratic Leadership. Kurt Lewin and his colleagues presented what has become the classic formulation of democratic leadership (Lewin Lippitt, 1938; Lewin, Lippitt, White, 1939; White Lippitt, 1960).
They distinguished democratic leadership from autocratic and laissez-faire styles, arguing that democratic leaders relied upon group decision making, active member involvement, honest praise and criticism, and a degree of peterson's, comradeship. By contrast, leaders using the other styles were either domineering or uninvolved. Thesis Of Child Abuse. Unfortunately. Lewin and his colleagues never developed the definition beyond this rough sketch, leading some critics to find undemocratic implications in their ostensibly democratic model of leadership. Photo Essay Flowers. Despite this lack of conceptual precision, Lewin and others have identified the thesis statement on effects of child abuse, central element of the term: democratic leadership is revolution, behaviour that influences people in a manner consistent with and/or conducive to basic democratic principles and processes, such as self-determination, inclusiveness, equal participation, and deliberation (Dahl, 1989; Fishkin, 1991). Democratic leadership has three major characteristics: ' Distributing responsibility within the subordinates ' According to thesis on effects of child abuse, Krech et al. (1962) 'The democratic leader seeks to narrative essay day of, evoke maximum involvement and the participation of on effects of child abuse, every member in the group activities and in the determination of objectives. In organisational settings it is imperative for supervised leaders to delegate tasks and decision making within their subordinates since it helps in building a pool of future leaders for on effects of child the organisation. Nagel (1987), argues that to statements, avoid the thesis on effects abuse, free riding issues, democratic leader should not only ask subordinates to take on responsibility, rather be demanding in reminding them of their collective responsibilities.
' Empowering the members ' Democratic leadership can augment members' skills by setting high but reasonable standards and asking members to challenge themselves (Tead, 1935). Members' abilities may develop through taking on new responsibilities, but leaders can also play a direct role by flowers, offering instruction or suggestions, particularly when asked to do so (Busch, 1934; Lewin et al., 1939). Good leaders can expand their ranks by becoming 'role models' to change novices from 'followers' to leaders (Baker, 1982, p. 325). This has particularly significant implication since shortage of talent pool is an important concern for organisations in the today's era. The organisations are looking at thesis, drawing leaders from the available talent pool from within the perfect statements, organisation first and then resorting to lateral hire. The organisation which has leaders who in turn can create leaders are thriving in the cut throat competition and abuse, narrowed margins. ' Aiding the subordinates in enlightenmrnt, their deliberations ' Its' not enough for a leader to only delegate and empower subordinates but has to take the relationship to thesis statement on effects of child abuse, the next level through appropriate deliberation methodology. Supervised. Democratic leaders must distribute responsibility appropriately and statement of child, empower other group members, but they must devote the narrative best, bulk of their time and energy to ensuring productive and thesis on effects of child abuse, democratic decision making.
Democratic leadership aids the deliberative process through constructive participation, facilitation, and the maintenance of essays revolution caused, healthy relationships and a positive emotional setting. Having talked about the facets of democratic leadership, it has be borne in mind that the style of leadership cannot by any means be categorized as the better of the two leadership styles i.e. On Effects. Autocratic and Democratic. Thesis Supervised. Though the positives are there with democratic leadership, still previous writings on democracy and democratic leadership suggest that people often reject this form of leadership for at least four reasons. First, some people oppose a democratic leadership structure because it directly threatens their undemocratic authority. Moving toward democracy would strip them of some of their status, power, and, in some cases, wealth (Slater Bennis, 1990). Second, some people have authoritarian values and are not easily swayed from a strong belief in the justness and efficiency of powerful, directive authorities (Bell, 1950; Lassey 1971; Tead, 1935).
Third, most people have, to some degree, an unconscious or conscious desire for thesis of child a hero, a charismatic figure capable of solving our problems and sweeping away our confusion (Abse Jessner, 1962; Smith, 1926). Finally, some reject the notion of democratic leadership for the opposite reason, having no faith whatsoever in leaders of any kind and no belief in their necessity (Nagel, 1987; Tead, 1935) However, Lippitt (1983) identifies a number of promising trends in the 1970s and perfect, early 1980s that are probably still present today: expectations of shared power and responsibility are increasing; there is thesis statement on effects, a greater degree of collaboration and communication; and supervised, people have an increasing awareness of the need for organizational openness and flexibility. With the baby boomers towards the end of the tenure and of child, entrance of Gen Y, who thrive in responsibilities and photo essay, accountabilities, into the workforce democratic leadership could be more widespread than what the on effects abuse, present situation unveils. Thus it is clearly evident from the above discussion that there is contextual effect to which kind of how scientific revolution caused, leadership style will suit a given situation and will be effective. It depends on many factors all of which hasn't been unearthed yet, however a few common factors affecting leadership effectiveness are the organisational culture, the time frame available for decision making for on effects of child the leader, the thesis, task itself, the capabilities of the of child, subordinates and of course not to miss out the country in which the organisation operates. The study will now aim to essays enlightenmrnt, understand Global and Indian manufacturing outlook which significantly is a reason for organisations employing productivity up scaling drives and at thesis statement, arriving at a definition of Productivity.
With so much available on the term today with each organisation defining productivity in its own way it becomes really important to have a clear understanding of the definition and factors involved in the term 'Productivity'. 2.2 Manufacturing Outlook ' Global and Indian context. The global manufacturing sector has undergone a boisterous decade: large developing economies leaped into the first tier of manufacturing nations, a severe recession choked off demand, and manufacturing employment fell at an accelerated rate in advanced economies. Still, manufacturing remains critically important to both the developing and the advanced world. In the former, it continues to provide a pathway from subsistence agriculture to rising incomes and living standards. In the latter, it remains a vital source of innovation and competitiveness, making outsized contributions to research and development, exports, and productivity growth. But the manufacturing sector has changed'bringing both opportunities and challenges'and neither business leaders nor policy makers can rely on old responses in the new manufacturing environment. Amidst the volatility and uncertainty in the manufacturing sector, its role in the world economy has continued to progress. According to a research by Mc Kinsey and Co., the next decade and half will see the job resume downloads, entry of approximately 1.8 billion consumers which will lead to worldwide consumption of close to $ 64 trillion.
Developed economies will remain major consumers, however the on effects, share of developing economies will rise which will enhance the living standards of the residents. The GDP share of manufacturing in the Indian economy is poised to grow from 16% to 25% by 2022 according to India's national manufacturing policy release. Globally the downloads, manufacturing output is growing at about 2.7% annually in abuse, developed economies in contrast to 7.4% in essays how scientific, the developed economies (2002-2007). When economies industrialize, manufacturing employment and output both rise rapidly, but once manufacturing's share of GDP peaks at thesis of child abuse, 20 to photo, 35 percent of GDP, it falls in an inverted U pattern, along with its share of employment. The reason is that as wages rise, consumers have more money to spend on services, and that sector's growth accelerates, making it more important than manufacturing as a source of of child abuse, growth and employment. Photo Flowers. The focus then shifts from statement on effects abuse mere output to the efficiency, utilization of photo essay, resources and cost aspect of production which the impacts the hiring plans for the industry as well.
For example manufacturing share of US employment declined from 25% in 1950 to about 9% in 2008. The figure below depicts how the share of manufacturing follows the inverted U shape as the economy matures. However, the situation in statement of child, developing economies is far from the above mentioned point and can be safely assumed that the outlook of downloads, manufacturing looks positive in a global context with the developing economies leading the way. In FY13, India's manufacturing sector grew slower than the rest of the statement of child, economy, with GDP growth itself having slowed down. Concerns regarding the essay or quotes, stability of some of the Eurozone economies, sluggish growth in the US and the slowdown in on effects of child, key emerging economies have affected the italics, Indian manufacturing sector's view of the global economy. The manufacturing sector has been moving at a slower pace than the overall economy for some time now. As a result, the sector's contribution to GDP has declined marginally from 16.1 to 15.2% in the five years till March 2013. Growth rate in manufacturing reduced from 9.7% in 2010-11 to 2.7% in 2011-12 and 1% in on effects, 2012-13. In FY13, only essays revolution caused, 3.3% of the statement abuse, country's growth was generated by manufacturing as opposed to 83% contributed by services, according to The Central Statistics Office, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation. A research conducted by job resume downloads, PWC indicates that the India, China and the other developing economies will fare better than the rest of the world in regards to the growth of manufacturing industry.
However, there will be concerns arising out of lack of domestic demand, increasing pricing pressure, interest rates and thesis statement of child, achieving cost efficiency primarily because of increase in wages. The global economic slowdown, slow growth rates except a few Asian countries and the persistent Euro Zone instability has continued to bother the manufacturing companies' across the thesis supervised, globe. The outlook for the manufacturing companies has not been great in of child, the last half a decade and the volatility that the past has witnessed is there to stay. Along with that the increase in essay best, competition and consequently its impact on thesis, pricing strategies of the perfect, organisations have put even more pressure on the manufacturing companies to focus a lot on the output vis ' a ' vis costs. With the enhancement in technology and e ' commerce becoming more and more prevalent the customers have a wider range of options to choose from and of child abuse, with this competitive pricing becomes even more important to capture and sustain customer base.
Mobile phone industry is a perfect example of the same. With the foray of low cost manufacturers like Micromax and Karbonn in the mobile industry, the pressure on bigger players like Samsung, Sony, Nokia etc. to remain competitive with their pricing grows. No player in the industry can boast of being the monopolistic company like Nokia once had in the mobile phone industry. The above discussion unveils a harsh reality for manufacturing companies across the globe i.e. to monitor their costs and improve their output for downloads the similar costs that they did earlier. Achieving better capacity utilization will also be at the back of the mind of the thesis on effects, manufacturing community. Job Resume. The culmination of cost efficiency, capacity utilization, improving output at the same input resources and various other parameters including financial aspects collectively give rise to the term called 'Productivity' which the study tries to define in the manufacturing setup in the Indian context. Productivity has normally been defined as the ratio of output available at disposal of the organisation to the input resources that is expended. Productivity is the relationship between the quantity of thesis statement on effects abuse, output and the quantity of input used to generate that output.
It is photo, basically a measure of the effectiveness and efficiency of your organisation in generating output with the resources available. Productivity = Output / Input. As it is evident that there are two variable involved in the determination of productivity. Output can be measured in either physical quantity like number of units produced or in financial value like revenue, value added etc. The input can be measured in human resources (number of hours worked, number of labour engaged or the labour cost) or capital deployed to achieve the output. Various Metrics that are used to measure productivity at the organisational are profitability, value added, revenue generated, return on capital employed (ROI / ROCE), organisational growth rate etc. Thesis On Effects. The measures can be single factor or multifactor basis the need of the organisation and essays how scientific enlightenmrnt, the industry it operates in. At the operational level the commonly used metrics of productivity measurement are labour productivity, capacity utilisation etc. In manufacturing companies across the globe the concept of OEE (overall equipment efficiency) / OLE (overall line efficiency) has been commonly used apart from the former productivity measures.
In fact, the entire operations can be broken down into smaller elements like production, purchase, maintenance and thesis statement on effects of child abuse, allied and their productivity is being measured on an individual basis e.g. delivery lead time, production compliance, maintenance cost etc. This gives the organisation required control over the processes and more specifically the essay flowers, operations managers to have a closer look at the gaps in the system and take short interval controls. For the purpose of the thesis statement on effects of child, study two productivity measures were analysed, one being OEE (overall equipment efficiency) and the other being Labour Productivity. 2.3.1 OEE (Overall equipment efficiency) Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) is a way to monitor and improve the efficiency of a manufacturing process. Developed in the mid 1990's, OEE has become an accepted management tool to measure and evaluate plant floor productivity. The analysis of OEE starts with Plant Operating Time, a measure of the time available for equipment operation. For a plant which is in best, continuous operation will thus have at least 720 hours for operation in a month under the premise that the month consists of 30 days. For e.g.
Steel making, glass making are continuous processes since the furnace cannot be shut down for statement on effects of child any reason whatsoever as it will take long hours to reach the peterson's perfect personal, temperature that is required for the processing. However the abuse, same is not true for narrative essay on the best many other industry like automotive, textile and many others which can have a break in the operations. From the Plant Operating Time, downtime which are planned by the unit (Planned Shutdown) is deducted to thesis statement on effects of child abuse, arrive at Planned Production time. Planned Shutdown can be taken due to various reasons ' lack of demand of the product, strike, lockout and many others. Planned Production time is where OEE initiates since the downloads, other mentioned items are majorly out of the control of the unit manager. From the Planned Production time three losses inherent in any product manufacturing are reduced to arrive at the Fully Productive Time where value is added during the process in a manufacturing operation. The three losses are Down Time Loss, Speed Loss and Quality Loss which are categorized as Availability, Performance and Quality. Graphically OEE can be represented as (Illustrative): Fig 3.
The table below shows the three losses and their definitions. The productive time shown above is the final output that organisations want and try to statement on effects, increase the same through various productivity improvement methods. Availability It is the ratio of Operating Time to Planned Production Time (Operating Time is essays how scientific, Planned Production Time less Down Time Loss) Performance It is the ratio of Net Operating Time to Operating Time (Net Operating Time is Operating Time less Speed Loss). It is also calculated as the ratio of Actual Production to Plant Production Capacity. Quality It is the ratio of Fully Productive Time to Net Operating Time (Fully Productive Time is Net Operating Time less Quality Loss). Statement On Effects Abuse. This is also calculated as the ratio Quality Production to Total Production. OEE = Availability x Performance x Quality. For example, if all three contributing factors are 90.0%, the OEE would be 72.9% where as if all the essay italics, factors are at 80%, the OEE would be 51.2%. Statement On Effects Of Child. This illustration clearly shows that in individual parameters, plant may be performing well (80% is supervised, considered a good number) while when combined together in the form of OEE, the performance would be considered gloomy. Worldwide studies indicate that the average OEE rate in manufacturing plants is 60% while in world class manufacturing plants Availability factor is 90%, Performance is 95% and Quality is 99.9% thus making OEE to close to 85%.
OEE is an effective tool to benchmark, analyse, and improve the production process. The OEE tool gives the managers the ability to measure machines for productivity improvements. OEE not only measures these inefficiencies but also groups them into categories which helps managers in analysing the machine and get a clear picture of the entire manufacturing process. A truly comprehensive OEE solution provides machine operators and production managers with continual line notification and control so that actions can be taken to thesis of child, prevent events that can result in downtime, slower cycle speeds, and poor product quality. Job Resume. It's a complete manager's tool to assess and reassess the manufacturing processes or parts of it and take corrective actions in order to statement on effects of child, improve productivity and help the organisation remain sustainable in the ever increasing competitive environment. 2.3.2 Labour Productivity. It is one of the popularly used metric for assessing the productivity of a plant in a manufacturing company. Technically, it is job resume, calculated as the thesis statement of child, ratio of narrative on the day of, Production in units to the number of labour deployed for thesis statement on effects the achievement of the output.
There are a few variants of the same as well where the numerator remains the same however the denominator may vary as number of labour, total hours deployed by labour or the cost of wages of the labour engaged in the manufacturing process. As a formula, Labour Productivity = Quantity of Output in Units / Number of Labour deployed for the same output. Labour Productivity = Quantity of Output in title italics, Units / Number of of child, Man-hours deployed for the same output. Labour Productivity = Quantity of Output in Units / Wages for the number of labour deployed for the same output. With different versions available at thesis, perusal, different companies use any or a combination of labour productivity metrics to assess their plant performance. While any one of the productivity measures should suffice the understanding of thesis of child abuse, plants performance, still organisations are carefully choosing a set of indicators of productivity to assess their performance vis-??-vis competition. One of the reason can be that having multiple measures allows the managers to have an eye on the detailed performance of subsystems of the entire system and essay italics or quotes, plan accordingly.
Having defined all the thesis on effects, elements of the photo essay flowers, relationship which the thesis statement abuse, study aims at establishing, it becomes imperative to look at what the earlier researches have established between the perfect personal, illustrated variables. 2.4 Productivity and Leadership style. The supervisor behaviour (leadership style) is one of the key factors which impacts the performance of the frontline employees in thesis statement on effects, the organisation. Quite some research has been done on the performance and leadership and the inter-linkages between the two. Numerous studies have demonstrated that such effective leadership behaviour is narrative best my life, associated with the quality of work of subordinates in service organizations (Bettencourt Brown, 1997; Deluga, 1994; Pillai, Schriesheim, Williams, 1999; Podsakoffet al., 1990; Schaubroeck Fink, 1998).
Leaders who develop a good relationship with their subordinates will in turn influence the level of discretionary behaviour of these subordinates (e.g. Settoon, Bennett, Liden, 1996). In a field experiment, Lam and Schaubroeck (2000) found that using credible and influential people as service quality leaders could enhance the positive attitudes of statement abuse, bank tellers towards service quality initiatives, which result in a more favourable customer rating of service. MacKenzie, Podsakoff, and Rich (2001) found that transformational leaders could alter the service behaviour of job resume downloads, frontline salespeople. Not only does effective leadership behaviour affect individual service quality, it also enhances team service quality.
However, specific relationship between productivity measures of workmen and supervisor's leadership in the Indian manufacturing context with the blue ' collar workmen hasn't received the requisite attention of the academicia which this study is thesis, trying to aim at. Sauer (2011) confirms the importance of leadership and its effect on the performance of employees. Personal. Sauer's study explained the importance of leadership behaviour and on effects of child, how the leader's performance style will affect the organization. Danish et al. (2011) discussed the effect of leadership and a manager's style, showing that these had a significant effect on the administration and its effectiveness. According to a research done of 511 frontline service providers in 6 service organisations by photo flowers, Harry et al., the leadership style of the supervisor plays a dominant role in producing better service quality, which is the output in thesis, this case, when the work environment and organisation culture are not conducive for on the best my life better efficiency. Statement On Effects Abuse. The leadership style used for the study were task oriented, people oriented and title or quotes, ethically oriented. However, in organisations where the work culture is good, leadership fails to make an on effects of child, impact. An alternate viewpoint can be that leadership plays a key role in creating the kind of environment where performance can be better (Dickson, Smith, Grojean, Ehrhart, 2001; Koeneet al., 2002; Litwin Stringer, 1968).
Hence, the frontline employees may not be able to how scientific revolution caused enlightenmrnt, gauge the on effects of child, importance of leadership. The situation was worse when both work culture and supervisor leadership were lacking which is a clear indication that each factor present in photo essay flowers, a positive way nullifies the statement on effects abuse, negative effect of the other factor. In short, the study aims to examine the relative contribution of service climate and peterson's perfect personal, effective leadership behaviour to employee service quality, and thesis statement on effects of child, the interaction effect of these two independent variables on the service quality. Johannes et al., in their study of 161 pairs of supervisor-subordinate pair in 24 companies of or quotes, Germany revealed that transformational leadership related more strongly and positively to innovation for subordinates low in organization-based self-esteem. When subordinates were low in statement of child abuse, self-presentation propensity, active-corrective transactional leadership was negatively, and transformational leadership was positively associated with task performance.
This research again testifies the fact that leadership is peterson's perfect, a significantly affecting variable in subordinate's performance. This research also has interpretation on psychological aspects of the subordinates' i.e. self-esteem and self-presentation. It also testifies the fact that different demographics of thesis statement of child abuse, employees may want different kind of leadership to be effective and how scientific revolution caused, efficient in statement on effects, their task performance. This adds another dimension to narrative essay best, the leadership performance relationship. A study conducted by Heba et al. among 320 heads of instructional departments from thesis on effects of child abuse randomly selected schools show that the principals' leadership style has a significant impact on the teacher's motivation to achieve the desired task goals. Transformational leadership exhibited a positive correlation with the teacher's achievement motivation which is italics or quotes, connected to performance excellence. Another research in thesis statement of child abuse, the same area by Onne Janssen illustrates that when supervisors are perceived to be supportive of risk taking fosters innovation and cv, the supervisors who are perceived as not supportive hinder the employees from carrying out innovative work in their task area or otherwise. Statement Of Child Abuse. The survey of personal, 170 employees in a Dutch company reveals that when employees perceive that their supervisors respond to employee innovation in thesis statement on effects abuse, a supportive and respectful manner, they feel stimulated to use their influence to persuade their subordinates and other actors to support the development and realization of their new ideas. LMX (Leader Member Exchange) embodies the relationship between a leader (Supervisor) and follower (Subordinate) and was initially conceptualized by Graen and colleagues (Dansereauetal.1973, Graen 1976, Graen and title italics, Cashman, 1975). According to LMX theory the leader ' follower relation falls on a continuum where one of the ends is developed relationship i.e. high involvement and on the other end is exchange ' based relationship which has low involvement. The managers should be able to understand these aspects of on effects, leadership since they have a significant impact on the employee behaviours and consequently productivity and performance.
However, Hofstede showed that high involvement / low involvement is how scientific enlightenmrnt, also a characteristic of culture of the country which he defined as power distance. A research on 577 employees in 3 wood manufacturing companies in Pennsylvania illustrates that employees who are led by supportive leader display better organisational commitment, job satisfaction and thesis statement on effects of child, have higher performance that the peers who have no supportive leader. Also, the italics or quotes, intention to quit the organisation was far lesser which has cost and productivity implications in the longer run as well. Another study on the same lines was done by Shahabuddin et al. on 80 employees working with IT in of child, real estate and housing development industry in Bangladesh. The study reveals that leadership indeed has a role to play in job satisfaction of the employees which in turn leads to higher productivity and performance on perfect personal, the job. Thesis On Effects Of Child Abuse. It was found that supervisors who engaged in positive motivational behaviours tend to have more satisfied subordinates and better performance from their group members. Through their education, training, and experience, managers develop their personal leadership style (Hersey et al., 2001).
This leadership style is a fundamental concern of managers and researchers (Wood, 1994) due to its effect on subordinates deliver more productive work when the leader have specific leadership styles (Mullins, 1998). If managers adopt their subordinates' preferred style giving employees the respect and fair treatment they deserve, then this is seen to lead to job satisfaction, which in will affect the functioning of the organisation (Spector, 1997). Satisfied employees are absent less, show less job stress, stay at work longer, and make positive contributions to their organisations (Griffin, 2002). Essay Or Quotes. Furthermore, Yousef (2000) showed that leadership behaviour was positively related to statement on effects of child abuse, job satisfaction and therefore managers needed to adopt appropriate leadership behaviour in photo essay flowers, order to improve it. Leadership style affects a range of factors such as job satisfaction, performance, turnover intention, and stress (Chen and Silverthorne, 2005) and so contribute to organisational success (Rad and Yarmohammadian, 2006). A study of 220 Jonardian resort hotel employees consisting of 110 subordinates and 110 managers could not refute the possibility of a relationship between job satisfaction and leadership style of managers.
However, job satisfaction was found to be a function of demographical factors as well. The study also revealed that democratic leadership was most prevalent which again has been reinforced by another study conducted on 300 employees across manufacturing and service organisations in the public and private setup. This study shows that participatory and altruistic management style were the most desirable among various management styles. Few key findings of the exploratory study are: ' Management styles vary from on effects of child culture to culture and within the specific culture from industry to industry. ' Participative management style is difficult to practice as sharing of power is not easy for managers. ' Excessive altruism in business organizations may negatively affect organizational effectiveness. ' A strong positive relationship between the management styles and the effectiveness of human resources in terms of their 'Productivity' and 'Adaptability' The various researches studies in varied industries and on the best day of my life, countries show a definite correlation between leadership and performance and/ or job satisfaction; many a times mediated by other factors like organisational culture, work environment etc. The correlation holds true for most of the industries and work settings whether it be a service industry or a manufacturing industry, same with public and private sectors as well.
However, the studies need to be furthered for the blue collar employees who have a major role to play in statement, the manufacturing setups since they are the ones responsible for essays how scientific caused enlightenmrnt generating the primary product of the company. Their motivation, needs and job satisfaction needs to be taken care of their supervisors if they have to thesis abuse, extract the maximum productivity out of them. The productivity and leadership relation is also affected by the country's culture wherein different countries respond differently to leadership styles. Meade (1967) noticed that morale, productivity and quality of product were superior in the groups which had authoritarian leadership, these results being opposite from those reported by narrative essay on the best day of my life, Lippitt and White (1943) and Lippitt (1940) who used a similar sample of boys in an American setting. This can be the output of the kind of culture the sample was exposed to on effects, in their upbringing. While American children learn democratic practices at thesis cv, an early age, Indian are subjected to hierarchy and authority right from the beginning of their life and hence they get used to it as they grow. Thesis Statement. Another study by Meade (1967) established that Chinese college students demonstrated more group cohesion in statements, decision making in presence of authoritarian leadership than they did to democratic leadership, while Chinese ' American demonstrated a balanced result to both authoritarian and democratic leadership. The studies in general have shown positive results in presence of leadership which has a human element imbibed in it rather to task orientation. Hence, participative, transformational and democratic leadership emerge to be favoured for statement on effects of child abuse job satisfaction and engagement of essays how scientific revolution enlightenmrnt, employees which in turn leads to statement on effects of child, higher productivity and better performance.
A study by essay title italics, Robert et al. discloses negative effects of close and thesis of child, punitive supervision style. The study of 24 groups of peterson's perfect, 4 females each in the age group 17-19 under controlled environment reveals substantial increase in aggressive feelings toward the supervisor and in indirect aggression toward the supervisor through lowered productivity, an insignificant increase in verbal aggression toward the supervisor, and an increase of borderline significance in aggressive feelings toward co-workers in case of close supervision. When subjected to punitive supervision the test group displayed significant increase in indirect aggression through lowered productivity and in verbal aggression. This kind of situation won't be favourable for the business when every organisation is thesis of child abuse, vying for enhanced productivity and cohesiveness in group activities within and outside of the organisation. The study having established the fact that there is a relationship between leadership style and on the, productivity of employees, aims to find out the most appropriate style of leadership for higher productivity of workmen in a manufacturing industry. Thesis. It feels that democratic leadership style would fare better than authoritarian style since everyone would want to have a say in the decision making process which consequently affects them in one way or the other.
As many manufacturing organisations these days are practicing TPM, Lean, Quality Circles, 5S and Six Sigma concepts to improve productivity all of which in some way or the other lead to added responsibilities for the workmen and more say in the technical decision making of the plant. Organisations have realised that for growth to be sustainable it has to be collaborative effort of each small unit in the organisation and not just top down approach. However, with the education level, skill sets and imbibed Indian culture which is predominantly authoritarian it remains to be seen if democratic leadership is correct approach for the workmen and not authoritarian/ autocratic leadership and vice versa. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Business essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to job resume downloads, a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question.
Just complete our simple order form and statement, you could have your customised Business work in personal, your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Business essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in thesis abuse, your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Leadership Styles And Productivity . Cv. Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/free-essays/business/leadership-styles-productivity.php [04-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal: Essay UK offers professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service. Our work is high quality, plagiarism-free and delivered on time.
Essay UK is a trading name of Student Academic Services Limited , a company registered in England and thesis statement abuse, Wales under Company Number 08866484 . Registered Data Controller No: ZA245894.
Buy Essay Online Cheap -
A good thesis statement for child …
Guidelines for writing a literature review. by Helen Mongan-Rallis. Last updated: November 21, 2014. [Note: For these guidelines, in some sections I have quoted directly some of the thesis statement of child abuse the steps from: Galvan, J. (2006). Personal Statements? Writing literature reviews: a guide for students of the behavioral sciences (3rd ed.) . Glendale, CA: Pyrczak Publishing. Thesis Statement Of Child? ] A literature review is not an annotated bibliography in which you summarize briefly each article that you have reviewed. While a summary of the what you have read is contained within the essay literature review, it goes well beyond merely summarizing professional literature. Of Child Abuse? It focuses on title or quotes, a specific topic of abuse interest to best day of my life, you and includes a critical analysis of the relationship among different works, and relating this research to your work. It may be written as a stand-alone paper or to provide a theoretical framework and rationale for a research study (such as a thesis or dissertation). These guidelines are adapted primarily from Galvan (2006). Galvan outlines a very clear, step-by-step approach that is very useful to use as you write your review. I have integrated some other tips within this guide, particularly in suggesting different technology tools that you might want to of child, consider in helping you organize your review.
In the sections from Step 6-9 what I have included is the job resume downloads outline of those steps exactly as described by Galvan. Thesis? I also provide links at essay, the end of this guide to resources that you should use in order to statement, search the literature and as you write your review. In addition to using the step-by-step guide that I have provided below, I also recommend that you (a) locate examples of literature reviews in essay title or quotes your field of study and skim over these to statement on effects, get a feel for what a literature review is and how these are written (I have also provided links to a couple of examples at the end of these guidelines (b) read over other guides to writing literature reviews so that you see different perspectives and approaches: Some examples are: Read through the links provided below on APA guidelines so that you become familiar with the common core elements of how to write in APA style: in particular, pay attention to general document guidelines (e.g. font, margins, spacing), title page, abstract, body, text citations, quotations. It will help you considerably if your topic for thesis supervised your literature review is the one on which you intend to do your final M.Ed. project, or is in some way related to the topic of your final project. However, you may pick any scholarly topic. Step 3: Identify the literature that you will review : Familiarize yourself with online databases (see UMD library resource links below for help with this), identifying relevant databases in your field of study. Using relevant databases, search for literature sources using Google Scholar and also searching using Furl (search all sources, including the thesis statement abuse Furl accounts of other Furl members). Supervised? Some tips for identifying suitable literature and narrowing your search : Start with a general descriptor from the database thesaurus or one that you know is already a well defined descriptor based on past work that you have done in this field. Statement On Effects Abuse? You will need to experiment with different searches, such as limiting your search to descriptors that appear only in the document titles, or in both the document title and in the abstract. Redefine your topic if needed: as you search you will quickly find out if the topic that you are reviewing is job resume downloads too broad.
Try to narrow it to a specific area of statement on effects interest within the broad area that you have chosen (remember: this is merely an introductory literature review for Educ 7001). It is a good idea, as part of your literature search, to look for existing literature reviews that have already been written on essay title or quotes, this topic. As part of on effects abuse your search, be sure to identify landmark or classic studies and theorists as these provide you with a framework/context for your study. Import your references into your RefWorks account (see: Refworks Import Directions for guide on how to do this from different databases). You can also enter references manually into RefWorks if you need to. Once you have identified and located the articles for your review, you need to analyze them and organize them before you begin writing: Overview the articles : Skim the articles to get an idea of the general purpose and content of the article (focus your reading here on the abstract, introduction and personal statements, first few paragraphs, the thesis of child conclusion of each article. Tip: as you skim the articles, you may want to record the notes that you take on each directly into RefWorks in day of the box for User 1. You can take notes onto thesis statement on effects abuse, note cards or into a word processing document instead or as well as using RefWorks, but having your notes in RefWorks makes it easy to thesis supervised, organize your notes later. Group the statement articles into categories (e.g. into narrative, topics and subtopics and chronologically within each subtopic). Once again, it's useful to enter this information into your RefWorks record. You can record the topics in the same box as before (User 1) or use User 2 box for the topic(s) under which you have chosen to thesis on effects of child abuse, place this article.
Take notes : Decide on the format in essay title italics which you will take notes as you read the articles (as mentioned above, you can do this in RefWorks. You can also do this using a Word Processor, or a concept mapping program like Inspiration (free 30 trial download), a data base program (e.g. Access or File Maker Pro), in statement on effects an Excel spreadsheet, or the essays revolution enlightenmrnt old-fashioned way of statement on effects using note cards. Be consistent in how you record notes. Define key terms: look for differences in the way keys terms are defined (note these differences). Note key statistics that you may want to use in the introduction to your review. Select useful quotes that you may want to italics or quotes, include in your review.
Important : If you copy the exact words from an article, be sure to cite the page number as you will need this should you decide to use the quote when you write your review (as direct quotes must always be accompanied by page references). To ensure that you have quoted accurately (and to save time in note taking), if you are accessing the statement on effects abuse article in narrative on the my life a format that allows this, you can copy and paste using your computer edit -- copy -- paste functions. Note: although you may collect a large number of quotes during the note taking phase of your review, when you write the review, use quotes very sparingly. The rule I follow is to on effects of child, quote only when when some key meaning would be lost in translation if I were to job resume, paraphrase the thesis statement of child abuse original author's words, or if using the original words adds special emphasis to a point that I am making. Note emphases, strengths weaknesses: Since different research studies focus on different aspects of the issue being studied, each article that you read will have different emphases, strengths. and weaknesses. Your role as a reviewer is to evaluate what you read, so that your review is not a mere description of different articles, but rather a critical analysis that makes sense of the collection of articles that you are reviewing. Personal Statements? Critique the research methodologies used in the studies, and distinguish between assertions (the author's opinion) and actual research findings (derived from empirical evidence).
Identify major trends or patterns: As you read a range of of child articles on your topic, you should make note of trends and patterns over time as reported in the literature. This step requires you to synthesize and make sense of thesis what you read, since these patterns and trends may not be spelled out in thesis of child abuse the literature, but rather become apparent to supervised cv, you as you review the thesis statement on effects big picture that has emerged over time. Your analysis can make generalizations across a majority of supervised cv studies, but should also note inconsistencies across studies and over time. On Effects Of Child? Identify gaps in the literature, and peterson's perfect personal statements, reflect on why these might exist (based on thesis statement on effects abuse, the understandings that you have gained by reading literature in this field of study). Essays Enlightenmrnt? These gaps will be important for you to statement, address as you plan and narrative essay on the best day of my life, write your review. Identify relationships among studies: note relationships among studies, such as which studies were landmark ones that led to statement, subsequent studies in the same area. You may also note that studies fall into different categories (categories that you see emerging or ones that are already discussed in the literature). When you write your review, you should address these relationships and narrative essay on the my life, different categories and discuss relevant studies using this as a framework. Keep your review focused on your topic: make sure that the articles you find are relevant and directly related to your topic. As you take notes, record which specific aspects of the article you are reading are relevant to your topic (as you read you will come up with key descriptors that you can record in your notes that will help you organize your findings when you come to write up your review). If you are using an electronic form of thesis on effects of child abuse note taking, you might note these descriptors in a separate field (e.g. in RefWorks, put these under User 2 or User 3; in Excel have a separate column for each descriptor; if you use Inspiration, you might attach a separate note for key descriptors.
Evaluate your references for currency and coverage: Although you can always find more articles on your topic, you have to decide at what point you are finished with collecting new resources so that you can focus on on the best day of, writing up your findings. Thesis? However, before you begin writing, you must evaluate your reference list to narrative essay, ensure that it is up to date and of child abuse, has reported the most current work. Typically a review will cover the last five years, but should also refer to any landmark studies prior to this time if they have significance in shaping the direction of the field. If you include studies prior to the past five years that are not landmark studies, you should defend why you have chosen these rather than more current ones. Step 5: Summarize the literature in table or concept map format. Galvan (2006) recommends building tables as a key way to help you overview, organize, and job resume, summarize your findings, and suggests that including one or more of the tables that you create may be helpful in your literature review. If you do include tables as part of your review each must be accompanied by an analysis that summarizes, interprets and thesis statement on effects of child abuse, synthesizes the literature that you have charted in the table. You can plan your table or do the entire summary chart of your literature using a concept map (such as using Inspiration) You can create the table using the essay table feature within Microsoft Word, or can create it initially in Excel and then copy and paste/import the the Excel sheet into on effects, Word once you have completed the thesis supervised cv table in Excel. The advantage of using Excel is that it enables you to sort your findings according to a variety of factors (e.g. sort by date, and then by author; sort by methodology and thesis statement on effects of child abuse, then date) Examples of tables that may be relevant to your review: Definitions of key terms and concepts. Research methods Summary of research results.
Step 6: Synthesize the literature prior to writing your review. Using the notes that you have taken and summary tables, develop an downloads outline of thesis of child your final review. The following are the key steps as outlined by best my life, Galvan (2006: 71-79) Consider your purpose and voice before beginning to write. In the case of this Educ 7001 introductory literature review, your initial purpose is to provide an overview of the thesis statement topic that is of interest to you, demonstrating your understanding of key works and concepts within your chosen area of focus. You are also developing skills in reviewing and downloads, writing, to provide a foundation on which you will build in subsequent courses within your M.Ed. and thesis statement on effects of child, ultimately in thesis your final project. In your final project your literature review should demonstrate your command of your field of study and/or establishing context for a study that you have done. Consider how you reassemble your notes: plan how you will organize your findings into a unique analysis of the picture that you have captured in your notes.
Important: A literature review is not series of annotations (like an annotated bibliography). Statement Of Child? Galvan (2006:72) captures the difference between an peterson's personal statements annotated bibliography and a literature review very well: . in essence, like describing trees when you really should be describing a forest. In the case of thesis abuse a literature review, you are really creating a new forest, which you will build by using the personal trees you found in the literature you read. Create a topic outline that traces your argument: first explain to the reader your line or argument (or thesis); then your narrative that follows should explain and justify your line of argument. Thesis Statement Of Child? You may find the program Inspiration useful in mapping out your argument (and once you have created this in a concept map form, Inspiration enables you to essays how scientific revolution caused enlightenmrnt, convert this to a text outline merely by clicking on thesis statement of child abuse, the outline button). This can then be exported into a Microsoft Word document. Reorganize your notes according to the path of your argument Within each topic heading, note differences among studies. Within each topic heading, look for obvious gaps or areas needing more research.
Plan to describe relevant theories. Plan to peterson's, discuss how individual studies relate to and advance theory Plan to summarize periodically and, again near the end of the review Plan to present conclusions and implications Plan to suggest specific directions for future research near the end of the thesis on effects of child abuse review Flesh out your outline with details from your analysis. Step 7: Writing the job resume review (Galvan, 2006: 81-90) Identify the broad problem area, but avoid global statements Early in the review, indicate why the topic being reviewed is important Distinguish between research finding and other sources of information Indicate why certain studies are important If you are commenting on the timeliness of a topic, be specific in describing the time frame If citing a classic or landmark study, identify it as such If a landmark study was replicated, mention that and thesis statement on effects, indicate the results of the replication Discuss other literature reviews on your topic Refer the reader to on the my life, other reviews on issues that you will not be discussing in details Justify comments such as, no studies were found. Avoid long lists of nonspecific references If the results of previous studies are inconsistent or widely varying, cite them separately Cite all relevant references in thesis statement on effects of child the review section of narrative on the day of thesis, dissertation, or journal article. Step 8: Developing a coherent essay (Galvan, 2006: 91-96) If your review is long, provide an overview near the beginning of the review Near the beginning of a review, state explicitly what will and will not be covered Specify your point of view early in the review: this serves as the abuse thesis statement of the essays revolution enlightenmrnt review.
Aim for a clear and cohesive essay that integrates the statement on effects of child key details of the literature and communicates your point of view (a literature is peterson's not a series of statement on effects of child annotated articles). Narrative Essay On The Best Day Of My Life? Use subheadings, especially in thesis long reviews Use transitions to help trace your argument If your topic teaches across disciplines, consider reviewing studies from each discipline separately Write a conclusion for perfect personal the end of the review: Provide closure so that the of child abuse path of the argument ends with a conclusion of some kind. How you end the review, however, will depend on your reason for writing it. If the review was written to stand alone, as is the case of a term paper or a review article for publication, the conclusion needs to make clear how the material in the body of the essay italics review has supported the assertion or proposition presented in the introduction. On the other hand, a review in thesis statement abuse a thesis, dissertation, or journal article presenting original research usually leads to the research questions that will be addressed. Check the flow of your argument for coherence. Galvan, J. (2006). Writing literature reviews: a guide for thesis students of the statement of child abuse behavioral sciences ( 3rd ed.).
Glendale, CA: Pyrczak Publishing.