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as pe coursework Este topico contem resposta, possui 1 voz e foi atualizado pela ultima vez por thfulhigtiraslo 6 dias, 23 horas atras. AQA | Physical Education and Sport | GCSE | Physical Education GCSE Physical Education provides students with the knowledge and understanding of bibtex dissertation, how to coursework aqa live a healthy and active lifestyle, enabling them to make informed AQA | GCSE | Physical Education | Assessment resources Component 3 Practical performance in a physical activity and bibtex dissertation sport: Candidate record form 2018 (155.1 KB); Component 3 Practical performance in a physical AQA | Physical Education and Sport | GCSE | Physical Education We#039;ve worked closely with teachers and research paper the Youth Sport Trust to develop a new specification with topics that will help all students to develop a well-rounded skill AQA | GCSE | Physical Education | Past papers and dissertation mark schemes Revise and prepare for exams in GCSE Physical Education (4890) by downloading past papers/specimen papers, mark schemes and example answers. GCSE Physical Education AQA Summer 2016. Follow us on research paper, Twitter @ AQACPD . Coursework requirements and non-exam assessment (NEA). Bibtex? • Analysis GCSE PE specification at a glance. AQA | GCSE | Physical Education | Specification at a glance Outline of the assessment structure for GCSE Physical Education 4890. A2 Psychology? AQA | Subjects | Physical Education and Sport | GCSE GCSE Physical Education is changing for first teaching in September 2016. Physical Education should inspire and dissertation challenge all students to do their best. We#039;ve GCSE Physical Education Specification Specification for exams AQA GCSE . Specification. Physical Education and.
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If gives ideas about AQA GCSE PE Full Course (4890) Key Process C Examples by easy essay on pollution, 13 Sep 2015 A selection of for phd dissertation, AQA Unit 4 Key Process C examples (which were sent for moderation) from my 2015 GCSE PE cohort. They are from a range of AQA GCSE PE (1-9) Coursework assessment / mark sheet with Tes 3 Sep 2017 This sheet can be used as a front sheet for easy essay on pollution pupils coursework . Dissertation? It contains a breakdown of grading descriptors for each section and paper then a final AQA GCSE PE (1-9) Coursework Analysis and Evaluation Booklet 3 Sep 2017 This is a template booklet that you can use for bibtex for phd dissertation your pupils to complete their coursework in. At the a2 psychology coursework end of each section it has the grading GCSE PE (1-9 Specification) Coursework Pack by pottsfly Tes 22 Feb 2017 Coursework help pack for GCSE PE (1-9 Specification). For Phd? Included is research paper, a End of for phd, unit tests amp; mark schemes for AQA GCSE PE (A-G). It is the How to AQA GCSE KPC Example YouTube 20 Jan 2015 A guide to how to for essays complete AQA GCSE PE Key Process C. wgsb | PE AQA GCSE Physical Education Page. Teach P.E GCSE /A-level Revision site of the bibtex for phd exam paper and throughout their analysis of performance coursework . These revision resources relate to the AQA GCSE exam for Physical Education ( PE ) covering Short Course (4891) – for exams June 2010 onwards and military on accountability BBC Bitesize GCSE Physical Education Approval for AQA GCSE PE Specification A Level Physical Education 17 Jan 2016 I#039;ve just heard that the bibtex for phd new AQA GCSE P.E. On Accountability? specification has been The course has 60% theory and 40% coursework (now called NEA!) GCSE PE Exam and Controlled Assessment Grade Boundaries 2016 26 Aug 2016 With GCSE PE exam results in, why not check your RAW marks and UMS grade boundaries. Check your AQA GCSE PE June 2016 Series. Inside Out Skiing | GCSE A Level Assessment GCSE and A Level Assessments are specialist coaching sessions for dissertation of assessed coursework for any GCSE , iGCSE or A level Physical Education . A2 Psychology Aqa? We work with GCSE and for phd A Level criteria from art 101 research all awarding bodies, including AQA , Edexcel Teaching the new AQA GCSE Physical Education Specification Teaching the new AQA GCSE Physical Education Specification the demands of the assessment, including the practical and written coursework components. Physical Education – Tring School 60% coursework and 40% written examination. Students are assessed in a http://www. aqa .org.uk/subjects/ physical-education / gcse / physical-education -4890 GCSE Physical Education 26 Jan 2017 Do any PE departments advertise GCSE PE and tell the students they when doing some flipped learning with my AQA A Level PE students. PE :: John Whitgift Academy The PE Team Department at John Whitgift Academy are a consistently professional GCSE PE . BTEC Sports Award.
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Personal values, belief and attitudes Essay Sample. As human beings, we all have our own values, beliefs and attitudes that we have developed throughout the course of our lives. Our family, friends, community and the experiences we have had all contribute to our sense of who we are and how we view the world. As community services workers, we are often working with people who are vulnerable and/or who may live a lifestyle that mainstream society views as being different or unacceptable. If, as community services workers, we are to provide a service that meets the needs of our target groups and helps them to feel empowered, we need to be aware of our own personal values, beliefs and attitudes and be prepared to adopt the bibtex dissertation, professional values of our industry—and not impose our own ideas on our clients. What are values? Values are principles, standards or qualities that an individual or group of people hold in high regard.
These values guide the way we live our lives and the decisions we make. A value may be defined as something that we hold dear, those things/qualities which we consider to on educational psychology, be of worth. A ‘value’ is commonly formed by a particular belief that is related to the worth of an idea or type of behaviour. Some people may see great value in saving the world’s rainforests. However a person who relies on the logging of a forest for bibtex for phd dissertation their job may not place the same value on the forest as a person who wants to save it. Values can influence many of the easy on pollution, judgments we make as well as have an for phd impact on the support we give clients. It is on pollution important that we do not influence client’s decisions based on our values. We should always work from the basis of supporting the client’s values. Activity: What are some of for phd dissertation, my values? 1.Manners—are they old fashioned? Do they hold a high or low value in your life?
2.Pride—are there things you need to easy essay, be proud of? Do you value pride or do you value humility? 3.Clothes—how important are clothes at work? At play? 4.Behaviour on the sports field—what behaviours do you value?
Sportsmanship? Winning? Team spirit? Individuality? 5.Family life? What do you value about bibtex for phd dissertation, family life? Write down some of the values you hold in these areas. Talk to friends and family members. Art 101 Research Paper! Ask them these same questions. Do the answers differ? Where do values come from?
Our values come from a variety of sources. Some of bibtex dissertation, these include: •peers (social influences) •the workplace (work ethics, job roles) •educational institutions such as schools or TAFE. •significant life events (death, divorce, losing jobs, major accident and trauma, major health issues, significant financial losses and so on) •major historical events (world wars, economic depressions, etc). Dominant values are those that are widely shared amongst a group, community or culture. Essays Social Britain! They are passed on for phd dissertation, through sources such as the media, institutions, religious organisations or family, but remember what is considered dominant in one culture or society will vary to the next. Using the sources listed above, some of your values could be: •family—caring for each other, family comes first •peers—importance of friendship, importance of doing things that peers approve of essay on pollution, •workplace—doing your job properly; approving/disapproving of ‘foreign orders’ (doing home-related activities in work time or using work resources for home related activities) •educational institutions—the valuing or otherwise of learning; value of self in relation to an ability to learn (this often depends on personal experience of schooling, whether positive or negative) •significant life events—death of loved ones and bibtex the impact on art 101 research, what we value as being important; marriage and the importance and role of marriage and bibtex for phd dissertation children; separation and divorce and the value change that may be associated with this (valuing of master s thesis on educational, self or otherwise) •religion—beliefs about ‘right and wrong’ and beliefs in gods •media—the impact of TV, movies, radio, the for phd, Internet and advertising on what is important in our lives, what is valued and not valued •music—music often reflects what is occurring in master on educational psychology, society, people’s response to for phd, things such as love and relationships which may then influence the development of our values •technology—the importance of technology or otherwise; the importance of computers and developing computer skills •culture—a cultural value such as the importance of individuality as opposed to research paper, conforming to bibtex for phd dissertation, groups •major historical events—not wasting anything, saving for times of draught, valuing human life, patriotic values.
It is important that you develop an awareness of what you value, as these values will be important in a2 psychology, informing your relationships with clients, co–workers and employers. The following is a list of common dominant values in Australian society. Tick the values that apply to dissertation, you and then select the ten most important values you ticked and rank them. (1 = most important, 10 = least important) Click here for the list (.doc 12 KB) Did you learn something about yourself that you didn’t expect? What is important here is your ability to be able to identify the values that are. important to master s thesis on educational, you. It is important to bibtex, be conscious of our values. This knowledge helps us to: •ask ourselves why we are doing what we are doing. •identify the a2 psychology coursework aqa, consequences of our actions for ourselves and others (including clients and co-workers) •consider other and better options if necessary.
It is bibtex dissertation important to not only transition words college, have a knowledge of your value system, but to understand that your values underpin your beliefs and beliefs underpin behaviour. How we behave is bibtex for phd dissertation a reflection of our beliefs and our beliefs are a reflection of our values. Exploring your values. We are all influenced in varying degrees by the values of our family, culture, religion, education and social group. Knowing your own values can help you work effectively with clients, resolve conflicts and support the organisation’s philosophy of care appropriately.
Wherever our values come from they make us the unique person we are today! Answer the following and then think about what it tells you about yourself, where your values have come from and how people with different backgrounds and life experiences would answer these questions. There are no right or wrong answers—just answer honestly and for essays be willing to explore and reflect upon your own values. •With what race do I identify? •Do I know people from a different race to dissertation, me? •Do I believe people from different races should live together? •What would life be like if my skin colour was different? •What do I think about marriages and relationships between people from different races? •How many friends do I have from the opposite sex?
•If I was a different gender how might life be different? •What is my religion? Do I believe in it? •What is my family’s religion? •Are most people in my community from this religion? •How does my religion influence my life? •What culture do I identify with? •What do I like and dislike about my culture and traditions?
•What other cultures interest me? Do I like learning about them? Why? •What is my first language? •What other languages do I speak? •Who should decide what language people should speak?
•What political party do I support? Why? •Do I believe in the death penalty? Why? •What are my views on abortion? Why? •What are my views on homosexuality? Why? •What are my views about college, illegal drugs?
Why? •What are my view about voluntary euthanasia? Why? Reflect on dissertation, your answers about where your values have come from. 1.What did this activity tell you about your values? 2.Can you identify some other factors/significant life experiences that have contributed in shaping your values? 3.Why have you decided to military on accountability, become a worker in for phd dissertation, the CSI? 4.How do you think your values will guide your actions as a worker in the CSI?
The aim of this activity is to make you aware of issues that could arise in essays social policy, the workplace and for phd the differing values workers can have. There are no right or wrong answers, so when completing this activity try to be as honest as you can. Read the coursework aqa, following scenarios and for phd rate your reactions by ticking the box which best defines your reaction. Stan and Russell have become good friends in the residential care facility. Words! They enjoy each other’s company and like to read pornographic magazines together. Stan usually buys the magazines, but one month Stan did not come into the hostel for care as he usually did. Russell wanted some new pornos to read so he asked Penny the care worker to buy him some magazines. She agreed and brought some for him.
What do you think about for phd dissertation, Penny doing this for Russell? I think this is not okay. I think this is okay. Wayne is a 49 year old volunteer at an aged care home. He is an Anglo-Australian, with a disability. Transition Words! He works with Anh, the recreation officer. Dissertation! She Vietnamese and is 20 years old. Wayne and Anh have been going out together and military Wayne has told Anh that he loves her. How do you feel about bibtex, Anh and Wayne being partners? Rate your feeling according to their ages: I think this is master s thesis on educational not okay.
I think this is for phd okay. Rate your feeling according to their cultural backgrounds: I think this is okay. I think this is essays not okay. Rate your feeling according to the fact they work together: I think this is not okay. I think this is okay. Dawn is a 50 year old woman with Downs Syndrome, and is a resident at a residential aged care facility. She masturbates in the common lounge area at the facility. She needs to be shown a private place to do this and it is your role to take her to a private room, next time she is masturbating. How do you feel about this?
Rate your response according to bibtex dissertation, the factor of Dawn masturbating: I think this is okay. I think this is not okay. Rate your response according to the factor of your role as a worker assisting her in this situation. I think this is okay.
I think this is not okay. This activity was useful in helping you identify some strong beliefs you hold. It is good for you to be able to reflect on these and think how they might impact on your role as a care worker. For example, if you think that all older people and people with disabilities have a right to express their sexuality, regardless of the coursework, way they choose do that, you will want to ensure their privacy and dignity is respected. Remember, clients have a right to receive a professional service regardless of the attitudes, beliefs and values they hold. After answering the questions, you might find it useful to revisit your answers and identify where your attitudes have come from. This will help in for phd dissertation, preventing your personal attitudes from art 101 research paper, impacting on the way you work with clients.
What is a belief? Beliefs come from real experiences but often we forget that the original experience is not the same as what is happening in life now. For Phd Dissertation! Our values and beliefs affect the quality of our work and essays on accountability all our relationships because what you believe is what you experience. For Phd! We tend to art 101 research paper, think that our beliefs are based on for phd, reality, but it is our beliefs that govern our experiences. The beliefs that we hold are an important part of our identity.
They may be religious, cultural or moral. Beliefs are precious because they reflect who we are and how we live our lives. As a care worker in the community services industry, the pre-existing beliefs you may have could be related to stereotypes that have developed for you around issues like sexuality, alcohol and other drugs, ageing and art 101 research disabilities, independence, health, the rights of people, your idea of health and what it’s like to be older and/or disabled. These stereotypes could affect the way you interact and work with clients. Bibtex For Phd Dissertation! This is because you have assumptions about what your clients can and can’t do for themselves, the way they should think about issues and what is easy essay on pollution best for bibtex for phd them. If you make assumptions as a worker then you are denying clients their rights, respect and dignity. As a worker this would be regarded as a breach in your duty of care towards clients.
The need for older people and people with disabilities to express their sexuality does not necessarily diminish over time. The desire for research intimacy can in fact intensify. The development of bibtex, new relationships may occur as a result of a2 psychology coursework aqa, living in a residential care setting or as people’s social networks change over time. The right to express sexuality is bibtex dissertation a quality of life issue and art 101 is part of one’s self-identity. The way people choose to express their sexuality may change over time in a variety of ways. Intimate relationships enhance a person’s quality of life and contribute to their feelings of well being. As a care worker it is important to respect a person’s right to express their sexuality in a way which is appropriate for them. What is an attitude?
The word ‘attitude’ can refer to a lasting group of feelings, beliefs and bibtex dissertation behaviour tendencies directed towards specific people, groups, ideas or. An attitude is a belief about something. It usually describes what we think is the ‘proper’ way of on accountability, doing something. The attitudes that we feel very strongly about are usually called values. Other attitudes are not so important and are more like opinions. Bibtex! Sometimes our own attitudes can make us blind to military essays on accountability, other people’s values, opinions and for phd needs. Military On Accountability! Attitudes will always have a positive and negative element and when you hold an for phd attitude you will have a tendency to behave in a certain way toward that person or object. You will need to be aware of your own personal values, beliefs and master s thesis on educational attitudes and how they might impact on your work. It is important to consider the mapping of your own life – what have been some significant events that have shaped you, what qualities you admire in dissertation, yourself and others, what beliefs are important to you, what you value and so on. Some examples of words college, these may be personal features such as strength of character, helping people, respect, honesty, wealth, success, health etc. What we believe are important qualities, or what qualities we admire in ourselves and others, generally reflect our life experiences and the values which we established in our early years through the influence of family, teachers, friends, religion, our culture, our education.
Given that all of us have differences which have been shaped by bibtex for phd dissertation our life experiences, we can understand that we will all have different sets of values and military essays beliefs. We do not all think about issues in the same way! To work effectively it is bibtex for phd dissertation critical to coursework, understand your own values and beliefs and to understand the importance of not allowing them to affect the way in which you work with clients. Remember they are your values and may be quite different to the values held by your clients. In order to remain professional it is necessary to bibtex for phd, leave your personal values out of the client/worker relationship. This means that it is important that you allow clients to make decisions based on their own values and beliefs rather than decisions that reflect what you think they should do. When we are carrying out britain our daily duties at work we rarely think about our attitudes, we are immersed in work itself and for phd often remain unaware of easy essay on pollution, just how different our attitudes could be to others around us. As previously defined an attitude is simply a belief, and describes what we think is the proper way of doing or thinking about something. Attitudes vary in dissertation, intensity. When we feel strongly about something attitudes are called values. For Essays College! Attitudes that are less important to us are called opinions.
For example we may feel strongly that older people should give up their jobs when they reach a certain age, so that younger people can get work. Bibtex Dissertation! Strong attitudes are often very emotional and can cloud our judgement in meeting other people’s needs. This means that some people or clients may be denied their rights to be allowed to make their own choices and essay on pollution decisions about their life. The influence of attitudes. Our attitudes develop over bibtex for phd time and not only reflect where we have come from i.e. the influence family, friends and experiences have had on our attitudes, but also how we will proceed with our life in the future.
Attitudes are therefore a powerful element in our life, are long enduring and hard to change—but not impossible! The problem with attitudes. One of the problems with our attitudes is we often ignore any information which is not consistent with them—we become selective in transition words for essays, the way we perceive and respond to events and issues—and lose our ‘objectivity’ about the world. By developing insights about our attitudes we reduce the risk of bibtex, making decisions at work based on our unconscious, pre-existing perceptions, allowing us work more professionally with clients. Awareness of personal attitudes. It is good practice to think about your attitudes and beliefs: it helps you to understand yourself better. It is easy essay on pollution beneficial to reflect on your life, identify some of the bibtex for phd, significant events that have shaped you, consider what qualities you admire in yourself and for essays college others and for phd dissertation be mindful of college, what values and are important to you. Your identity has shaped the person you are today! Here is a checklist that will help you assess how your identity has developed. For Phd! (.doc 25 kB)
The exercise you have just completed will have given you some sense of where your own identity has come from. Think about this as you answer the following questions. 1.From the values you chose above, list the ones that would apply to your role as a care worker. 2.Why is it important for community services workers to master on educational, have a sense of their own identity and where it has come from? 3.What issues can you identify for yourself in having to for phd dissertation, work with people and clients who have grown up differently form you, have a different identity and therefore different beliefs? Taking into account personal values and military essays on accountability beliefs. One of the responsibilities of bibtex dissertation, workers is that we do not impose our own values and beliefs on the people we work with. Transition Words! That is, that we don’t provide options and services based on what we feel is right, but that we work with people in relation to what is right for for phd them. We should always remember that it is their life and only they should make decisions about how they should live their life.
If you try to impose your own moral values on a2 psychology coursework, clients, you are likely to bibtex dissertation, make them feel judged and to research paper, damage their self-worth. For Phd Dissertation! Moreover, they are likely to coursework, reject you and to reject your values too. If you are able to accept your clients, with whatever values they have, you may well find that as time passes they move closer to you in their beliefs. This is inevitable because we are, whether we like it or not, models for our clients and we have a responsibility to for phd, be good models. Regardless of who the client is, and essay regardless of his or her behaviour, he or she deserves to be treated as a human being of worth. If you respect your clients, they will, through feeling valued, be given the for phd dissertation, optimum conditions in words, which to maximise their potential as individuals. It is for phd dissertation essential that you are aware of essay, your own values and beliefs so that you do not impose them (deliberately or unintentionally) on the people you are working with. In order to leave your personal values out of the client/worker relationship, you need to aware of the impact they may have when you come across clients that do not behave in ways that you agree with—that is, clients who have different values and beliefs to you. You may find that with such clients you become judgemental or notice that you are encouraging clients to bibtex for phd dissertation, make a decision that reflects what you think they should do (based on your values and on accountability beliefs) rather than working with the client to come up with their own ideas about how to resolve the issue. That is why it is so important to have ethical standards, so that we are operating by a professional set of bibtex for phd, guidelines, not what we personally think is right or wrong. Activity: Professional values.
What would you consider to be the on accountability, values and attitudes that are critical for someone who works in the community services industry? Respecting the beliefs, attitudes and for phd values of others. Everyone is entitled to their own values, attitudes and military essays beliefs. It is for phd dissertation important to accept and respect that other people may well have different attitudes, values and beliefs than you. We do not have the right to master s thesis psychology, expect that others change their values, attitudes and beliefs just because they are different to ours. It is quite possible that you may face situations at work that either challenge or compromise your own values, attitudes or beliefs when working to support people with a disability. It is not always easy to avoid communicating your beliefs and for phd values to clients, but it is something you need to be very aware of. It can be very easy to influence clients in subtle ways. Simple things like body language, gestures, the way you say something, or even actions, can give a client the impression you agree or disagree with their values or beliefs.
A disability support worker, Sally, was assisting Harry, a client, to decide what movie he was going to see on the weekend. Harry loved horror films. Sally hated them. During the social policy, conversation Sally shook her head every time Harry pointed to bibtex for phd, a horror film in the paper. Essay On Pollution! In the dissertation, end Harry decided to go and see a comedy. Even though Sally did not directly say that she disapproved of Harry’s movie choice, when she shook her head she indicated that she did not approve of Harry’s choice. The support you give to clients should be, as much as possible, in line with their values, attitudes and beliefs, while also in college, line with your community services organisation and the law. Impact of values and philosophies on service provision.
The way that the above values and philosophies are acted upon in services affects the quality of the bibtex for phd dissertation, service provided to clients. The more these values are promoted and reflected in the way the service operates, the more positive the experience for the client. Activity: Identifying the policy britain, impact of values and philosophies on service provision. Phong is bibtex a 29 year old Vietnamese man who was injured in a serious car accident eight months ago and sustained a brain injury. Master S Thesis Psychology! This means that he has great difficulty with his short-term memory and with organising his thoughts. He also needs to use a wheelchair because of a neck injury. Phong is now living back at home with his family. Most of his friends don’t come around anymore and Phong hardly gets out. Bibtex Dissertation! He is unable to return to work as a mechanic.
Phong has been referred to a community access program, designed to help him deal with his brain injury and research integrate back into the community. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order Personal values, belief and bibtex dissertation attitudes. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Personal values, belief and attitudes. How own attitudes, values and behaviour could impact on research, work with children and bibtex young people. Everyone has a different attitude ad has different values compared to research paper, other people but that… Personal Values and Ethics Standards.
They will represent a person’s priorities and may serve as a guideline in the individuals daily activities. For Phd! A person’s values at any given time may vary in importance. “This prioritization… Principles of Personal Development in Adult Social Care Settings. 1. Identify what standards influence the art 101 paper, way adult social care job roles are carried out (AC1.1)? As a care worker there are standards that influence the way my role is… Personal Values and Ethical Standards. Personal values are principles that define a person as an individual. Honesty, reliability, and trust, are personal values that determine how an individual will face the bibtex dissertation, world and relate with… Feminism Is Defined By The Belief That The Personal Is The Political.
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50 Most Popular Argumentative Essay Topics. For Phd Dissertation? Here is a list of 50 most popular argumentative essay topics. Feel free to use them while writing your own one. If you need assistance with essay writing contact our friendly support team and we will gladly help you. An argumentative essay is a type of policy britain essay which involves a set of bibtex for phd dissertation completely developed arguments to support a thesis statement that takes a solid stance on a specific issue. Argumentative essay outline is usually structured according to the five-paragraph essay with an introduction, body paragraphs and a conclusion.
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essay on christendom ESSAY ON CHRISTIANITY. THE Being who has influenced in the most memorable manner the bibtex for phd dissertation, opinions and the fortunes of the human species, is coursework aqa Jesus Christ. At this day, his name is dissertation connected with the devotional feelings of two hundred millions of the race of man. The institutions of the most civilized portions of the globe derive their authority from the sanction of his doctrines; he is the hero, the God, of our popular religion. His extraordinary genius, the wide and rapid effect of his unexampled doctrines, his invincible gentleness and benignity, the devoted love borne to him by his adherents, suggested a persuasion to on pollution them that he was something divine. The supernatural events which the historians of dissertation, this wonderful man subsequently asserted to have been connected with every gradation of his career, established the opinion. His death is said to have been accompanied by an accumulation of tremendous prodigies. Utter darkness fell upon the earth, blotting the noonday sun; dead bodies, arising from their graves, walked through the public streets, and an earthquake shook the astonished city, rending the rocks of the surrounding mountains. The philosopher may attribute the application of these events to the death of essays, a reformer, or the events themselves to a visitation of that universal Pan who——
The thoughts which the word God suggests to the human mind are susceptible of as many variations as human minds themselves. The Stoic, the bibtex for phd dissertation, Platonist, and the Epicurean, the Polytheist, the Dualist, and the Trinitarian, differ infinitely in their conceptions of its meaning. They agree only in considering it the most awful and most venerable of names, as a common term devised to express all of mystery, or majesty, or power, which the invisible world contains. And not only has every sect distinct conceptions of the research, application of this name, but scarcely two individuals of the same sect, who exercise in bibtex dissertation any degree the freedom of s thesis on educational, their judgment, or yield themselves with any candour of feeling to the influences of the bibtex for phd, visible world, find perfect coincidence of opinion to exist between them. It is [interesting] to inquire in what acceptation Jesus Christ employed this term. We may conceive his mind to have been predisposed on this subject to adopt the opinions of his countrymen. Every human being is indebted for a multitude of a2 psychology, his sentiments to the religion of his early years. Jesus Christ probably [studied] the historians of his country with the bibtex for phd dissertation, ardour of a spirit seeking after truth.
They were undoubtedly the companions of his childish years, the food and nutriment and materials of his youthful meditations. The Sublime dramatic poem entitled Job had familiarized his imagination with the master on educational, boldest imagery afforded by the human mind and the material world. Ecclesiastes had diffused a seriousness and solemnity over the frame of his spirit, glowing with youthful hope, and [had] made audible to his listening heart The still, sad music of humanity, Not harsh or grating, but of ample power. To chasten and subdue. He had contemplated this name as having been profanely perverted to the sanctioning of the most enormous and abominable crimes. We can distinctly trace, in the tissue of his doctrines, the persuasion that God is some universal Being, differing from man and the mind of man. For Phd Dissertation! According to Jesus Christ, God is neither the Jupiter, who sends rain upon the earth; nor the Venus, through whom all living things are produced; nor the transition words for essays college, Vulcan, who presides over the terrestrial element of fire; nor the Vesta, that preserves the light which is bibtex enshrined in the sun and moon and a2 psychology aqa stars. He is bibtex for phd neither the Proteus nor the Pan of the material world.
But the word God, according to essay on pollution the acceptation of Jesus Christ, unites all the bibtex for phd dissertation, attributes which these denominations contain and is the [interpoint] and over-ruling Spirit of all the energy and wisdom included within the circle of existing things. It is important to observe that the author of the Christian system had a conception widely differing from the gross imaginations of the vulgar relatively to the ruling Power of the universe. Master S Thesis! He everywhere represents this Power as something mysteriously and illimitably pervading the frame of things. Nor do his doctrines practically assume any proposition which they theoretically deny. For Phd Dissertation! They do not represent God as a limitless and inconceivable mystery; affirming, at research, the same time, his existence as a Being subject to passion and capable—— Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God. Blessed are those who have preserved internal sanctity of soul; who are conscious of no secret deceit; who are the for phd, same in act as they are in desire; who conceal no thought, no tendencies of thought, from their own conscience; who are faithful and sincere witnesses, before the tribunal of their own judgments, of all that passes within their mind.
Such as these shall see God. What! after death, shall their awakened eyes behold the King of Heaven? Shall they stand in aqa awe before the golden throne on which he sits, and bibtex gaze upon the venerable countenance of the paternal Monarch? Is this the on accountability, reward of the virtuous and the pure? These are the bibtex for phd, idle dreams of the visionary, or the art 101 paper, pernicious representations of impostors, who have fabricated from the very materials of wisdom a cloak for their own dwarfish or imbecile conceptions. Jesus Christ has said no more than the most excellent philosophers have felt and expressed—that virtue is its own reward. For Phd Dissertation! It is true that such an expression as he has used was prompted by the energy of genius, and was the military essays on accountability, overflowing enthusiasm of dissertation, a poet; but it is not the less literally true [because] clearly repugnant to the mistaken conceptions of the multitude. God, it has been asserted, was contemplated by Jesus Christ as every poet and military on accountability every philosopher must have contemplated that mysterious principle. He considered that venerable word to express the overruling Spirit of the collective energy of the moral and material world. He affirms, therefore, no more than that a simple, sincere mind is the indispensable requisite of true science and true happiness. He affirms that a being of pure and gentle habits will not fail, in every thought, in every object of every thought, to be aware of bibtex for phd, benignant visitings from the invisible energies by which he is surrounded.
Whosoever is free from the contamination of military essays on accountability, luxury and licence, may go forth to the fields and to the woods, inhaling joyous renovation from the bibtex for phd dissertation, breath of Spring, or catching from the odours and sounds of Autumn some diviner mood of sweetest sadness, which improves the softened heart. Whosoever is no deceiver or destroyer of his fellow men—no liar, no flatterer, no murderer may walk among his species, deriving, from the communion with all which they contain of beautiful or of majestic, some intercourse with the Universal God. Whosoever has maintained with his own heart the strictest correspondence of college, confidence, who dares to examine and to estimate every imagination which suggests itself to his mind—whosoever is that which he designs to become, and only aspires to that which the divinity of his own nature shall consider and approve—he has already seen God. We live and move and think; but we are not the creators of our own origin and existence. We are not the arbiters of every motion of our own complicated nature; we are not the masters of our own imaginations and moods of mental being. There is a Power by which we are surrounded, like the for phd dissertation, atmosphere in easy on pollution which some motionless lyre is suspended, which visits with its breath our silent chords at will.
Our most imperial and stupendous qualities—those on bibtex which the majesty and the power of humanity is erected—are, relatively to the inferior portion of its mechanism, active and a2 psychology imperial; but they are the passive slaves of some higher and more omnipotent Power. This Power is for phd God; and those who have seen God have, in the period of their purer and more perfect nature, been harmonized by art 101 research paper their own will to so exquisite [a] consentaneity of power as to bibtex give forth divinest melody, when the breath of universal being sweeps over policy britain their frame. That those who are pure in dissertation heart shall see God, and that virtue is its own reward, may be considered as equivalent assertions. The former of these propositions is a metaphorical repetition of the latter. The advocates of literal interpretation have been the most efficacious enemies of those doctrines whose nature they profess to venerate. Thucydides, in particular, affords a number of instances calculated—— Tacitus says, that the Jews held God to be something eternal and supreme, neither subject to change nor to decay; therefore, they permit no statues in their cities or their temples. The universal Being can only be described or defined by negatives which deny his subjection to the laws of all inferior existences. Where indefiniteness ends, idolatry and on educational anthropomorphism begin.
God is, as Lucan has expressed, Quodcunque vides, quodcunque moveris, Et coelum et virtus. The doctrine of what some fanatics have termed a peculiar Providence—that is, of for phd dissertation, some power beyond and superior to that which ordinarily guides the operations of the Universe, interfering to college punish the vicious and reward the virtuous—is explicitly denied by Jesus Christ. The absurd and execrable doctrine of vengeance, in all its shapes , seems to have been contemplated by this great moralist with the profoundest disapprobation; nor would he permit the most venerable of names to be perverted into a sanction for the meanest and most contemptible propensities incident to the nature of man. Love your enemies, bless those who curse you, that ye may be the sons of your Heavenly Father, who makes the sun to shine on the good and on the evil, and for phd dissertation the rain to essays on accountability fall on bibtex dissertation the just and unjust. How monstrous a calumny have not impostors dared to advance against the mild and gentle author of this just sentiment, and against the whole tenor of his doctrines and his life, overflowing with benevolence and forbearance and compassion!
They have represented him asserting that the Omnipotent God—that merciful and benignant Power who scatters equally upon the beautiful earth all the elements of security and happiness—whose influences are distributed to college all whose natures admit of a participation in them—who sends to the weak and vicious creatures of his will all the benefits which they are capable of sharing—that this God has devised a scheme whereby the body shall live after its apparent dissolution, and be rendered capable of indefinite torture. He is said to have compared the agonies which the bibtex for phd, vicious shall then endure to the excruciations of a living body bound among the flames, and being consumed sinew by sinew, and bone by bone. And this is to be done, not because it is military essays on accountability supposed (and the supposition would be sufficiently detestable) that the for phd, moral nature of the sufferer would be improved by his tortures—it is done because it is just to be done. My neighbour, or my servant, or my child, has done me an injury, and master psychology it is just that he should suffer an injury in return. Bibtex Dissertation! Such is the doctrine which Jesus Christ summoned his whole resources of persuasion to oppose.
Love your enemy, bless those who curse you: such, he says, is the practice of God, and such must ye imitate if ye would be the children of God. Jesus Christ would hardly have cited, as an example of all that is gentle and beneficent and compassionate, a Being who shall deliberately scheme to inflict on a large portion of the human race tortures indescribably intense and indefinitely protracted; who shall inflict them, too, without any mistake as to the true nature of pain—without any view to future good—merely because it is military just. This, and no other, is justice:—to consider, under all the circumstances and consequences of a particular case, how the greatest quantity and purest quality of happiness will ensue from any action; [this] is to be just, and there is no other justice. The distinction between justice and mercy was first imagined in the courts of tyrants. Mankind receive every relaxation of their tyranny as a circumstance of grace or favour. Such was the clemency of Julius Caesar, who, having achieved by a series of treachery and for phd dissertation bloodshed the ruin of the a2 psychology coursework aqa, liberties of his country, receives the fame of mercy because, possessing the power to slay the noblest men of Rome, he restrained his sanguinary soul, arrogating to himself as a merit an abstinence from actions which if he had committed, he would only have added one other atrocity to his deeds. His assassins understood justice better. They saw the most virtuous and civilized community of mankind under the insolent dominion of one wicked man; and they murdered him. They destroyed the for phd dissertation, usurper of the liberties of their countrymen, not because they hated him, not because they would revenge the wrongs which they had sustained (Brutus, it is said, was his most familiar friend; most of the conspirators were habituated to domestic intercourse with the man whom they destroyed): it was in affection, inextinguishable love for all that is venerable and dear to the human heart, in social policy the names of Country, Liberty, and Virtue; it was in a serious and solemn and for phd dissertation reluctant mood, that these holy patriots murdered their father and their friend.
They would have spared his violent death, if he could have deposited the rights which he had assumed. A2 Psychology Coursework! His own selfish and narrow nature necessitated the sacrifices they made. They required that he should change all those habits which debauchery and bloodshed had twined around the fibres of bibtex, his inmost frame of thought; that he should participate with them and a2 psychology coursework with his country those privileges which, having corrupted by assuming to himself, he would no longer value. For Phd! They would have sacrificed their lives if they could have made him worthy of the sacrifice. Such are the military essays on accountability, feelings which Jesus Christ asserts to dissertation belong to the ruling Power of the world. He desireth not the death of a sinner; he makes the sun to transition for essays college shine upon the just and bibtex for phd unjust. The nature of s thesis on educational, a narrow and malevolent spirit is so essentially incompatible with happiness as to render it inaccessible to the influences of the benignant God. All that his own perverse propensities will permit him to receive, that God abundantly pours forth upon him. If there is the slightest overbalance of happiness, which can be allotted to the most atrocious offender, consistently with the nature of things, that is rigidly made his portion by the ever-watchful Power of God. In every case, the human mind enjoys the utmost pleasure which it is capable of bibtex, enjoying. God is represented by Jesus Christ as the Power from which, and through which, the streams of all that is excellent and delightful flow; the Power which models, as they pass, all the elements of this mixed universe to the purest and most perfect shape which it belongs to their nature to easy assume.
Jesus Christ attributes to this Power the faculty of Will. How far such a doctrine, in its ordinary sense, may be philosophically true, or how far Jesus Christ intentionally availed himself of a metaphor easily understood, is bibtex for phd dissertation foreign to military essays on accountability the subject to consider. This much is certain, that Jesus Christ represents God as the fountain of all goodness, the eternal enemy of for phd dissertation, pain and evil, the uniform and unchanging motive of the salutary operations of the material world. The supposition that this cause is excited to action by some principle analogous to the human will, adds weight to the persuasion that it is foreign to its beneficent nature to military essays on accountability inflict the slightest pain. Bibtex For Phd! According to Jesus Christ, and according to the indisputable facts of the case, some evil spirit has dominion in this imperfect world.
But there will come a time when the transition words, human mind shall be visited exclusively by the influences of the benignant Power. For Phd! Men shall die, and their bodies shall rot under the ground; all the organs through which their knowledge and essay on pollution their feelings have flowed, or in which they have originated, shall assume other forms, and become ministrant to purposes the bibtex for phd dissertation, most foreign from their former tendencies. There is a time when we shall neither be heard or be seen by the multitude of beings like ourselves by essay whom we have been so long surrounded. They shall go to graves; where then? It appears that we moulder to a heap of senseless dust; to a few worms, that arise and dissertation perish, like ourselves. Jesus Christ asserts that these appearances are fallacious, and that a gloomy and cold imagination alone suggests the conception that thought can cease to be. Art 101 Research! Another and a more extensive state of being, rather than the complete extinction of being will follow from that mysterious change which we call Death. There shall be no misery, no pain, no fear. The empire of evil spirits extends not beyond the boundaries of the grave. The unobscured irradiations from the fountain-fire of all goodness shall reveal all that is mysterious and bibtex for phd dissertation unintelligible, until the mutual communications of knowledge and of happiness throughout all thinking natures, constitute a harmony of good that ever varies and never ends.
This is Heaven, when pain and evil cease, and military on accountability when the Benignant Principle, untrammelled and uncontrolled, visits in the fulness of its power the universal frame of things. Dissertation! Human life, with all its unreal ills and transitory hopes, is as a dream, which departs before the dawn, leaving no trace of its evanescent lines. All that it contains of pure or of divine visits the passive mind in some serenest mood. Most holy are the feelings through which our fellow beings are rendered dear and [venerable] to art 101 paper the heart. The remembrance of their sweetness, and bibtex dissertation the completion of the on pollution, hopes which they [excite], constitute, when we awaken from the sleep of life, the fulfilment of the prophecies of its most majestic and beautiful visions. We die, says Jesus Christ; and, when we awaken from the languor of disease, the glories and the happiness of Paradise are around us. All evil and pain have ceased for ever.
Our happiness also corresponds with, and for phd dissertation is adapted to, the nature of master s thesis on educational, what is most excellent in our being. We see God, and we see that he is good. How delightful a picture, even if it be not true! How magnificent is the conception which this bold theory suggests to the contemplation, even if it be no more than the imagination of some sublimest and bibtex for phd most holy poet, who, impressed with the loveliness and majesty of his own nature, is impatient and discontented with the narrow limits which this imperfect life and the dark grave have assigned for ever as his melancholy portion. It is not to be believed that Hell, or punishment, was the conception of this daring mind.
It is not to be believed that the most prominent group of this picture, which is framed so heart-moving and lovely—the accomplishment of essay on pollution, all human hope, the extinction of all morbid fear and dissertation anguish—would consist of millions of sensitive beings enduring, in every variety of torture which Omniscient vengeance could invent, immortal agony. Jesus Christ opposed with earnest eloquence the panic fears and hateful superstitions which have enslaved mankind for ages. Nations had risen against nations, employing the subtlest devices of essay on pollution, mechanism and mind to waste, and excruciate, and overthrow. For Phd! The great community of mankind had been subdivided into ten thousand communities, each organized for the ruin of the other. Wheel within wheel, the military essays, vast machine was instinct with the restless spirit of desolation. Pain had been inflicted; therefore, pain should be inflicted in return. Retaliation of injuries is the only remedy which can be applied to violence, because it teaches the injurer the true nature of his own conduct, and operates as a warning against bibtex its repetition. Nor must the same measure of calamity be returned as was received. If a man borrows a certain sum from me, he is bound to repay that sum.
Shall no more be required of the easy, enemy who destroys my reputation, or ravages my fields? It is just that he should suffer ten times the bibtex for phd dissertation, loss which he has inflicted, that the legitimate consequences of his deed may never be obliterated from his remembrance, and that others may clearly discern and feel the danger of invading the peace of human society. Essays! Such reasonings, and bibtex for phd dissertation the impetuous feelings arising from them, have armed nation against nation, family against family, man against man. An Athenian soldier, in the Ionian army which had assembled for the purpose of vindicating the liberty of the Asiatic Greeks, accidentally set fire to Sardis. The city, being composed of paper, combustible materials, was burned to the ground. The Persians believed that this circumstance of bibtex dissertation, aggression made it their duty to retaliate on Athens. They assembled successive expeditions on the most extensive scale. Every nation of the East was united to ruin the Grecian States. Athens was burned to the ground, the whole territory laid waste, and every living thing which it contained [destroyed]. After suffering and inflicting incalculable mischiefs, they desisted from their purpose only when they became impotent to effect it. The desire of revenge for the aggression of Persia outlived, among the Greeks, that love of liberty which bad been their most glorious distinction among the nations of mankind; and a2 psychology Alexander became the instrument of its completion.
The mischiefs attendant on this consummation of fruitless ruin are too manifold and too tremendous to be related. If all the thought which had been expended on dissertation the construction of engines of social policy britain, agony and death—the modes of aggression and defence, the raising of armies, and the acquirement of those arts of tyranny and for phd dissertation falsehood without which mixed multitudes could neither be led nor governed—had been employed to promote the easy essay, true welfare and extend the real empire of man, how different would have been the present situation of human society! how different the state of knowledge in physical and moral science, upon which the power and happiness of mankind essentially depend! What nation has the example of the desolation of Attica by Mardonius and Xerxes, or the extinction of the Persian empire by Alexander of Macedon, restrained from outrage? Was not the pretext of this latter system of spoliation derived immediately from the former? Had revenge in this instance any other effect than to increase, instead of for phd, diminishing, the mass of malice and evil already existing in the world?
The emptiness and folly of military, retaliation are apparent from every example which can be brought forward. Not only Jesus Christ, but the most eminent professors of every sect of philosophy, have reasoned against this futile superstition. For Phd! Legislation is, in one point of view, to be considered as an attempt to provide against the excesses of this deplorable mistake. It professes to assign the penalty of all private injuries, and denies to transition words for essays college individuals the right of vindicating their proper cause. This end is certainly not attained without some accommodation to the propensities which it desires to bibtex destroy. Still, it recognizes no principle but the words, production of the bibtex for phd, greatest eventual good with the least immediate injury—and regards the torture, or the death, of words for essays college, any human being as unjust, of whatever mischief be may have been the author, so that the result shall not more than compensate for the immediate pain.
Mankind, transmitting from generation to dissertation generation the legacy of accumulated vengeances, and s thesis psychology pursuing with the feelings of duty the misery of their fellow-beings, have not failed to attribute to the Universal Cause a character analogous with their own. Bibtex For Phd Dissertation! The image of this invisible, mysterious Being is more or less excellent and perfect—resembles more or less its original—in proportion to art 101 paper the perfection of the mind on which it is impressed. Thus, that nation which has arrived at the highest step in the scale of bibtex, moral progression will believe most purely in that God, the knowledge of s thesis on educational psychology, whose real attributes is considered as the firmest basis of the true religion. The reason of the belief of each individual, also, will be so far regulated by his conceptions of what is good. Thus, the conceptions which any nation or individual entertains of the God of its popular worship may be inferred from their own actions and opinions, which are the subjects of their approbation among their fellow-men. Jesus Christ instructed his disciples to be perfect, as their Father in Heaven is perfect, declaring at the same time his belief that human perfection requires the bibtex, refraining from revenge and transition for essays retribution in any of its various shapes. The perfection of the human and the divine character is thus asserted to be the same. Man, by resembling God, fulfils most accurately the tendencies of his nature; and God comprehends within himself all that constitutes human perfection.
Thus, God is bibtex dissertation a model through which the s thesis psychology, excellence of man is to be estimated, whilst the abstract perfection of the human character is the type of the bibtex for phd, actual perfection of the divine. It is not to be believed that a person of such comprehensive views as Jesus Christ could have fallen into so manifest a contradiction as to assert that men would be tortured after death by that Being whose character is held up as a model to human kind, because he is incapable of malevolence and revenge. Art 101 Research Paper! All the arguments which have been brought forward to justify retribution fail, when retribution is destined neither to operate as an example to other agents, nor to the offender himself. For Phd! How feeble such reasoning is to be considered, has been already shewn; but it is the character of an evil Demon to consign the beings whom he has endowed with sensation to unprofitable anguish. The peculiar circumstances attendant on the conception of God casting sinners to burn in Hell for ever, combine to render that conception the most perfect specimen of the master s thesis on educational psychology, greatest imaginable crime. Jesus Christ represented God as the principle of all good, the source of bibtex dissertation, all happiness, the wise and benevolent Creator and Preserver of all living things. But the interpreters of his doctrines have confounded the good and the evil principle. They observed the emanations of their universal natures to be inextricably entangled in the world, and, trembling before the power of the cause of all things, addressed to it such flattery as is acceptable to the ministers of human tyranny, attributing love and wisdom to those energies which they felt to transition words be exerted indifferently for the purposes of benefit and calamity. Jesus Christ expressly asserts that distinction between the good and evil principle which it has been the practice of all theologians to confound.
How far his doctrines, or their interpretation, may be true, it would scarcely have been worth while to inquire, if the one did not afford an example and an incentive to the attainment of true virtue, whilst the other holds out a sanction and apology for every species of mean and cruel vice. It cannot be precisely ascertained in what degree Jesus Christ accommodated his doctrines to for phd dissertation the opinions of his auditors; or in what degree he really said all that he is related to a2 psychology coursework aqa have said. He has left no written record of himself, and we are compelled to judge from the imperfect and obscure information which his biographers (persons certainly of very undisciplined and undiscriminating minds) have transmitted to posterity. These writers (our only guides) impute sentiments to Jesus Christ which flatly contradict each other. They represent him as narrow, superstitious, and exquisitely vindictive and malicious. Dissertation! They insert, in the midst of a strain of impassioned eloquence or sagest exhortation, a sentiment only remarkable for its naked and drivelling folly. But it is not difficult to distinguish the inventions by which these historians have filled up the interstices of tradition, or corrupted the simplicity of social, truth, from the bibtex dissertation, real character of their rude amazement. They have left sufficiently clear indications of the genuine character of Jesus Christ to rescue it for ever from the social britain, imputations cast upon it by their ignorance and fanaticism. We discover that he is the bibtex for phd, enemy of oppression and of falsehood; that he is the advocate of equal justice; that he is neither disposed to transition sanction bloodshed nor deceit, under whatsoever pretences their practice may be vindicated. Bibtex Dissertation! We discover that he was a man of meek and majestic demeanour, calm in danger; of natural and simple thought and habits; beloved to adoration by his adherents; unmoved, solemn, and severe.
It is utterly incredible that this man said, that if you hate your enemy you would find it to your account to transition words for essays return him good for evil, since, by such a temporary oblivion of vengeance, you would heap coals of for phd, fire on coursework his head. Where such contradictions occur, a favourable construction is bibtex warranted by the general innocence of manners and comprehensiveness of essays policy, views which he is represented to possess. The rule of criticism to be adopted in judging of the life, actions, and bibtex dissertation words of a man who has acted any conspicuous part in the revolutions of the world, should not be narrow. We ought to form a general image of his character and of his doctrines, and refer to this whole the distinct portions of action and speech by aqa which they are diversified. It is not here asserted that no contradictions are to be admitted to have taken place in the system of Jesus Christ, between doctrines promulgated in different states of bibtex, feeling or information, or even such as are implied in the enunciation of a scheme of thought, various and obscure through its immensity and depth. It is military on accountability not asserted that no degree of human indignation ever hurried him beyond the limits which his calmer mood had placed to bibtex dissertation disapprobation against vice and folly. Those deviations from the history of his life are alone to transition for essays be vindicated which represent his own essential character in contradiction with itself. Every human mind has what Bacon calls its idola specus—peculiar images which reside in the inner cave of thought. These constitute the essential and distinctive character of every human being; to which every action and every word have intimate relation; and by bibtex for phd dissertation which, in military essays depicting a character, the genuineness and meaning of these words and actions are to be determined. Bibtex! Every fanatic or enemy of virtue is not at liberty to misrepresent the greatest geniuses and most heroic defenders of all that is valuable in this mortal world.
History, to gain any credit, must contain some truth, and that truth shall thus be made a sufficient indication of prejudice and a2 psychology coursework aqa deceit. With respect to the miracles which these biographers have related, I have already declined to enter into any discussion on their nature or their existence. The supposition of their falsehood or their truth would modify in no degree the hues of the picture which is attempted to be delineated. For Phd Dissertation! To judge truly of the moral and philosophical character of master s thesis on educational, Socrates, it is not necessary to determine the question of the for phd, familiar Spirit which [it] is supposed that he believed to attend on him. The power of the human mind, relatively to intercourse with or dominion over the invisible world, is doubtless an interesting theme of discussion; but the connexion of the instance of Jesus Christ with the on pollution, established religion of the country in bibtex which I write, renders it dangerous to coursework subject oneself to the imputation of introducing new Gods or abolishing old ones; nor is the duty of mutual forbearance sufficiently understood to render it certain that the dissertation, metaphysician and the moralist, even though he carefully sacrifice a cock to s thesis psychology ?sculapius, may not receive something analogous to the bowl of hemlock for the reward of his labours. Much, however, of what his biographers have asserted is not to be rejected merely because inferences inconsistent with the general spirit of his system are to be adduced from its admission. Jesus Christ did what every other reformer who has produced any considerable effect upon the world has done. He accommodated his doctrines to the prepossessions of those whom he addressed.
He used a language for this view sufficiently familiar to our comprehensions. He said,—However new or strange my doctrines may appear to you, they are in fact only the restoration and for phd re-establishment of those original institutions and ancient customs of your own law and religion. The constitutions of your faith and policy, although perfect in their origin, have become corrupt and altered, and have fallen into decay. I profess to on educational psychology restore them to their pristine authority and splendour. Think not that I am come to destroy the Law and the Prophets. I am come not to destroy, but to fulfil. Till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle shall in nowise pass away from the Law, till all be fulfilled.
Thus, like a skilful orator (see Cicero, De Oratore ), he secures the for phd dissertation, prejudices of his auditors, and induces them, by his professions of sympathy with their feelings, to enter with a willing mind into the exposition of his own. The art of persuasion differs from that of reasoning; and it is of no small moment, to the success even of a true cause, that the judges who are to determine on its merits should be free from those national and religious predilections which render the multitude both deaf and blind. Let not this practice be considered as an unworthy artifice. It were best for the cause of reason that mankind should acknowledge no authority but its own; but it is useful, to easy essay a certain extent, that they should not consider those institutions which they have been habituated to reverence as opposing an for phd obstacle to its admission. All reformers have been compelled to practise this misrepresentation of their own true feelings and military opinions. It is deeply to be lamented that a word should ever issue from human lips which contains the minutest alloy of dissimulation, or simulation, or hypocrisy, or exaggeration, or anything but the precise and rigid image which is present to the mind, and which ought to dictate the expression. Bibtex For Phd! But the practice of utter sincerity towards other men would avail to no good end, if they were incapable of practising it towards their own minds.
In fact, truth cannot be communicated until it is perceived. The interests, therefore, of truth require that an orator should, as far as possible, produce in his hearers that state of mind on which alone his exhortations could fairly be contemplated and examined. Having produced this favourable disposition of mind, Jesus Christ proceeds to qualify, and finally to easy on pollution abrogate, the system of the Jewish law. He descants upon its insufficiency as a code of bibtex for phd, moral conduct, which it professed to be, and absolutely selects the law of retaliation as an instance of the absurdity and transition words for essays immorality of its institutions. The conclusion of the speech is in a strain of the most daring and most impassioned speculation. He seems emboldened by the success of his exculpation to the multitude, to declare in for phd dissertation public the utmost singularity of his faith. He tramples upon all received opinions, on art 101 all the bibtex, cherished luxuries and superstitions of s thesis psychology, mankind.
He bids them cast aside the chains of for phd dissertation, custom and blind faith by which they have been encompassed from the very cradle of their being, and receive the imitator and minister of the Universal God. EQUALITY OF MANKIND. The spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath chosen me to preach the gospel to master s thesis the poor: he hath sent me to heal the broken-hearted, to preach deliverance to the captives and recovering of sight to the blind, and to set at liberty them that are bruised. (Luke, Ch. IV. v. 18.) This is an enunciation of all that Plato and Diogenes have speculated upon the equality of mankind. They saw that the great majority of the dissertation, human species were reduced to the situation of squalid ignorance and moral imbecility, for the purpose of purveying for the luxury of a few, and contributing to the satisfaction of on accountability, their thirst for power. Too mean-spirited and too feeble in for phd dissertation resolve to attempt the conquest of their own evil passions, and of the essays on accountability, difficulties of the material world, men sought dominion over dissertation their fellow-men, as an easy method to on pollution gain that apparent majesty and power which the instinct of their nature requires. Plato wrote the scheme of a republic, in which law should watch over the equal distribution of the external instruments of unequal power—honours, property, c. Diogenes devised a nobler and a more worthy system of opposition to the system of the slave and tyrant.
He said: It is in the power of each individual to level the inequality which is the topic of the bibtex for phd, complaint of mankind. Let him be aware of his own worth, and the station which he occupies in the scale of moral beings. Diamonds and gold, palaces and sceptres, derive their value from the opinion of mankind. The only sumptuary law which can be imposed on the use and fabrication of these instruments of mischief and deceit, these symbols of successful injustice, is the law of opinion. Every man possesses the power, in this respect, to legislate for himself. Let him be well aware of his own worth and moral dignity. Let him yield in meek reverence to any wiser or worthier than he, so long as he accords no veneration to the splendour of his apparel, the luxury of his food, the multitude of his flatterers and slaves. It is because, mankind, ye value and seek the empty pageantry of wealth and social power, that ye are enslaved to art 101 its possessions. Decrease your physical wants; learn to live, so far as nourishment arid shelter are concerned, like the beast of the forest and the birds of the air; ye will need not to for phd complain, that other individuals of your species are surrounded by the diseases of luxury and the vices of subserviency and oppression. With all those who are truly wise, there will be an entire community, not only social policy britain, of thoughts and feelings, but also of external possessions. For Phd Dissertation! Insomuch, therefore, as ye live [wisely], ye may enjoy the community of whatsoever benefits arise from the inventions of civilized life.—They are of value only for military essays, purposes of mental power; they are of value only as they are capable of being shared and applied to the common advantage of philosophy; and, if there be, no love among men, whatever institutions they may frame must be subservient to for phd dissertation the same purpose—to the continuance of inequality.
If there be no love among men, it is best that he who sees through the hollowness of their professions should fly from their society, and suffice to his own soul. In wisdom, be will thus lose nothing in power, he will gain everything. Master! In proportion to the love existing among men, so will be the community of property and power. Among true and real friends, all is common; and, were ignorance and for phd envy and superstition banished from the world, all mankind would be friends. The only perfect and genuine republic is that which comprehends every living being. Those distinctions which have been artificially set up, of nations, societies, families, and a2 psychology aqa religions, are only general names, expressing the bibtex for phd dissertation, abhorrence and contempt with which men blindly consider their fellowmen. I love my country; I love the city in which I was born, my parents, my wife, and the children of for essays college, my care; and to this city, this woman, and this nation, it is incumbent on me to do all the dissertation, benefit in essays on accountability my power. To what do these distinctions point, but to an evident denial of the duty which humanity imposes on you, of bibtex for phd dissertation, doing every possible good to every individual, under whatever denomination he may be comprehended, to whom you have the power of doing it? You ought to love all mankind; nay, every individual of mankind. You ought not to art 101 love the individuals of your domestic circles less, but to love those who exist beyond it more.
Once make the feelings of confidence and of affection universal, and the distinctions of property and bibtex dissertation power will vanish; nor are they to be abolished without substituting something equivalent in mischief to them, until all mankind shall acknowledge an entire community of rights. But, as the on educational, shades of night are dispelled by the faintest glimmerings of for phd dissertation, dawn, so shall the minutest progress of the benevolent feelings disperse, in some degree, the gloom of tyranny, and [curb the] ministers of mutual suspicion and master s thesis on educational psychology abhorrence. Your physical wants are few, whilst those of your mind and heart cannot be numbered or described, from their multitude and complication. To secure the for phd dissertation, gratification of the former, you have made yourselves the bond-slaves of each other. They have cultivated these meaner wants to s thesis on educational so great an excess as to judge nothing so valuable or desirable [as] what relates to their gratification. Hence has arisen a system of passions which loses sight of the end they were originally awakened to attain. Fame, power, and bibtex gold, are loved for their own sakes—are worshipped with a blind, habitual idolatry. The pageantry of empire, and essay the fame of irresistible might, are contemplated by the possessor with unmeaning complacency, without a retrospect to the properties which first made him consider them of value.
It is dissertation from the psychology, cultivation of the most contemptible properties of human nature that discord and for phd torpor and indifference, by which the moral universe is disordered, essentially depend. So long as these are the ties by which human society is connected, let it not be admitted that they are fragile. Before man can be free, and equal, and truly wise, he must cast aside the chains of habit and superstition; he must strip sensuality of its pomp, and selfishness of its excuses, and contemplate actions and objects as they really are. He will discover the wisdom of universal love; he will feel the meanness and the injustice of sacrificing the reason and words for essays the liberty of his fellow-men to the indulgence of his physical appetites, and bibtex for phd becoming a party to their degradation by the consummation of his own. Such, with those differences only incidental to the age and state of essays social britain, society in which they were promulgated, appear to have been the bibtex, doctrines of Jesus Christ. It is not too much to assert that they have been the doctrines of every just and compassionate mind that ever speculated on s thesis psychology the social nature of man. The dogma of the equality of mankind has been advocated with various success, in different ages of the world. It was imperfectly understood, but a kind of instinct in its favour influenced considerably the bibtex for phd dissertation, practice of military on accountability, ancient Greece and Rome. Attempts to establish usages founded on this dogma have been made in modern Europe, in several instances, since the revival of literature and the arts. Rousseau has vindicated this opinion with all the eloquence of sincere and earnest faith; and is, perhaps, the philosopher among the moderns who, in the structure of his feelings and understanding resembles most nearly the mysterious sage of Judea. It is impossible to read those passionate words in which Jesus Christ upbraids the pusillanimity and sensuality of mankind, without being strongly reminded of the more connected and systematic enthusiasm of Rousseau.
No man, says Jesus Christ, can serve two masters. Take, therefore, no thought for to-morrow, for the morrow shall take thought for bibtex, the things of itself. Sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof. If we would profit by the wisdom of a sublime and poetical mind, we must beware of the vulgar error of interpreting literally every expression it employs. Nothing can well be more remote from truth than the literal and strict construction of such expressions as Jesus Christ delivers, or than [to imagine that] it were best for man that he should abandon all his acquirements in physical and intellectual science, and depend on the spontaneous productions of military essays, nature for his subsistence. Nothing is more obviously false than that the remedy for the inequality among men consists in their return to the condition of savages and beasts.
Philosophy will never be understood if we approach the study of its mysteries with so narrow and illiberal conceptions of its universality. Rousseau certainly did not mean to bibtex dissertation persuade the immense population of his country to abandon all the arts of military essays on accountability, life, destroy their habitations and their temples, and become the inhabitants of the woods. He addressed the most enlightened of his compatriots, and endeavoured to persuade them to set the example of for phd, a pure and simple life, by art 101 placing in the strongest point of view his conceptions of the calamitous and diseased aspect which, overgrown as it is with the vices of bibtex, sensuality and selfishness, is exhibited by civilized society. Nor can it be believed that Jesus Christ endeavoured to prevail on the inhabitants of Jerusalem neither to till their fields, nor to frame a shelter against the sky, nor to provide food for master s thesis on educational psychology, the morrow. He simply exposes, with the passionate rhetoric of enthusiastic love towards all human beings, the miseries and mischiefs of that system which makes all things subservient to the subsistence of the material frame of man. Bibtex! He warns them that no man can serve two masters—God and Mammon; that it is essays social britain impossible at once to be highminded and just and wise, and to comply with the accustomed forms of bibtex, human society, seek power, wealth, or empire, either from the idolatry of easy essay on pollution, habit, or as the direct instruments of sensual gratification. He instructs them that clothing and food and shelter are not, as they suppose, the dissertation, true end of human life, but only certain means, to be valued in proportion to their subserviency to that end.
These means it is the right of research, every human being to possess, and that in the same degree. In this respect, the fowls of the bibtex for phd, air and the lilies of the field are examples for social policy, the imitation of mankind. They are clothed and bibtex fed by the Universal God. Permit, therefore, the Spirit of this benignant Principle to visit your intellectual frame, or, in other words, become just and pure. When you understand the degree of attention which the requisitions of your physical nature demand, you will perceive how little labour suffices for their satisfaction. Your Heavenly Father knoweth you have need of these things.
The universal Harmony, or Reason, which makes your passive frame of thought its dwelling, in proportion to the purity and majesty of its nature will instruct you, if ye are willing to attain that exalted condition, in research what manner to possess all the objects necessary for your material subsistence. All men are [impelled] to become thus pure and happy. All men are called to for phd participate in the community of Nature's gifts. The man who has fewest bodily wants approaches nearest to the Divine Nature. Satisfy these wants at the cheapest rate, and expend the master s thesis psychology, remaining energies of your nature in the attainment of virtue and knowledge. The mighty frame of the wonderful and lovely world is the food of your contemplation, and living beings who resemble your own nature, and are bound to you by similarity of sensations, are destined to be the nutriment of your affection; united, they are the consummation of the widest hopes your mind can contain.
Ye can expend thus no labour on mechanism consecrated to luxury and pride. How abundant will not be your progress in all that truly ennobles and extends human nature! By rendering yourselves thus worthy, ye will be as free in your imaginations as the swift and many-coloured fowls of the air, and as beautiful in pure simplicity as the lilies of the field. In proportion as mankind becomes wise—yes, in exact proportion to that wisdom—should be the extinction of the unequal system under which they now subsist. Government is, in fact, the mere badge of their depravity.
They are so little aware of the bibtex for phd, inestimable benefits of mutual love as to indulge, without thought, and almost without motive, in the worst excesses of selfishness and malice. Transition! Hence, without graduating human society into a scale of bibtex dissertation, empire and subjection, its very existence has become impossible. It is necessary that universal benevolence should supersede the regulations of precedent and prescription, before these regulations can safely be abolished. Meanwhile, their very subsistence depends on the system of injustice and violence, which they have been devised to palliate. They suppose men endowed with the power of deliberating and determining for a2 psychology aqa, their equals; whilst these men, as frail and as ignorant as the multitude whom they rule, possess, as a practical consequence of this power, the right which they of necessity exercise to prevent (together with their own) the physical and moral and intellectual nature, of all mankind. It is the object of wisdom to equalize the for phd dissertation, distinctions on which this power depends, by exhibiting in their proper worthlessness the objects, a contention concerning which renders its existence a necessary evil. The evil, in for essays fact, is virtually abolished wherever justice is practised; and it is abolished in precise proportion to bibtex the prevalence of master on educational, true virtue. The whole frame of human things is infected by an insidious poison. Hence it is that man is blind in his understanding, corrupt in his moral sense, and diseased in his physical functions. The wisest and most sublime of the ancient poets saw this truth, and embodied their conception of its value in retrospect to the earliest ages of mankind. For Phd Dissertation! They represented equality as the reign of Saturn, and essays taught that mankind had gradually degenerated from the virtue which enabled them to for phd dissertation enjoy or maintain this happy state.
Their doctrine was philosophically false. Later and more correct observations have instructed us that uncivilized man is the most pernicious and miserable of on accountability, beings, and that the violence and injustice, which are the genuine indications of real inequality, obtain in the society of these beings without palliation. Bibtex! Their imaginations of a happier state of human society were referred, in social policy truth, to the Saturnian period; they ministered, indeed, to for phd thoughts of despondency and sorrow. But they were the children of airy hope—the prophets and parents of man's futurity. Essays! Alan was once as a wild beast; he has become a moralist, a metaphysician, a poet, and an astronomer. Lueretius or Viril might have referred the comparison to themselves and, as a proof of the progress of the nature of man, challenged a comparison with the cannibals of Scythia. For Phd Dissertation! The experience of the ages which have intervened between the present period and master on educational psychology that in bibtex dissertation which Jesus Christ taught, tends to prove his doctrine, and to illustrate theirs. There is more equality because there is more justice, and for essays college there is more justice because there is bibtex for phd more universal knowledge. To the accomplishment of aqa, such mighty hopes were the views of for phd, Jesus Christ extended; such did he believe to be the tendency of his doctrines—the abolition of s thesis, artificial distinctions among mankind, so far as the love which it becomes all human beings to bibtex for phd bear towards each other, and the knowledge of truth from which that love will never fail to be produced, avail to their destruction.
A young man came to Jesus Christ, struck by the miraculous dignity and simplicity of his character, and master s thesis psychology attracted by the words of power which he uttered. He demanded to be considered as one of the followers of his creed. Sell all that thou hast, replied the philosopher; give it to the poor, and follow me. But the young man had large possessions, and he went away sorrowing. The system of equality was attempted, after Jesus Christ's death, to be carried into effect by his followers. They that believed had all things in common; they sold their possessions and goods, and parted them to all men, as every man had need; and they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, did eat their meat with gladness and singleness of heart. ( Acts , Ch. II.) The practical application of the doctrines of strict justice to a state of society established in its contempt, was such as might have been expected.
After the transitory glow of enthusiasm had faded from the minds of men, precedent and habit resumed their empire; they broke like an universal deluge on one shrinking and solitary island. Men to whom birth had allotted ample possession looked with complacency on sumptuous apartments and luxurious food, and those ceremonials of delusive majesty which surround the for phd dissertation, throne of power and the court of wealth. Men, from whom these things were withheld by their condition, began again to gaze with stupid envy on pernicious splendour; and, by desiring the false greatness of another's state, to sacrifice the intrinsic dignity of their own. On Pollution! The demagogues of the bibtex dissertation, infant republic of the Christian sect, attaining through eloquence or artifice, to military essays on accountability influence amongst its members, first violated (under the pretence of watching over their integrity) the institutions established for the common and equal benefit of all. Dissertation! These demagogues artfully silenced the voice of the moral sense among them by engaging them to attend, not so much to the cultivation of a virtuous and happy life in this mortal scene, as to the attainment of on accountability, a fortunate condition after death; not so much to the consideration of those means by which the state of man is adorned and improved, as an inquiry into the secrets of the connexion between God and the world—things which, they well knew, were not to be explained, or even to be conceived. The system of equality which they established necessarily fell to the ground, because it is for phd a system that must result from, rather than precede, the moral improvement of human kind. It was a circumstance of no moment that the first adherents of the system of Jesus Christ cast their property into policy, a common stock. For Phd! The same degree of real community of property could have subsisted without this formality, which served only to extend a temptation of dishonesty to the treasurers of so considerable a patrimony. Every man, in proportion to his virtue, considers himself, with respect to the great community of mankind, as the steward and guardian of their interests in the property which he chances to possess. Every man, in proportion to his wisdom, sees the manner in which it is his duty to employ the resources which the consent of mankind has intrusted to his discretion. On Accountability! Such is the [annihilation] of the unjust inequality of powers and conditions. existing in bibtex for phd dissertation the world; and military so gradually and inevitably is the progress of equality accommodated to bibtex for phd dissertation the progress of wisdom and of virtue among mankind.
Meanwhile, some benefit has not failed to flow from the imperfect attempts which have been made to erect a system of equal rights to property and power upon the basis of arbitrary institutions. They have undoubtedly, in every case, from the instability of their foundation, failed. Still, they constitute a record of those epochs at which a trite sense of justice suggested itself to the understandings of on educational psychology, men, so that they consented to forego all the cherished delights of luxury, all the habitual gratifications arising out of the possession or the expectation of bibtex for phd dissertation, power, all the superstitions with which the accumulated authority of ages had made them dear and s thesis on educational venerable. They are so many trophies erected in the enemy's land, to mark the limits of the bibtex dissertation, victorious progress of truth and justice. No mistake is more to be deplored than the conception that a system of morals and religion should derive any portion of its authority either from the circumstance of its novelty or its antiquity, that it should be judged excellent, not because it is reasonable or true, but because no person has ever thought of it before, or because it has been thought of from the beginning of time. The vulgar mind delights to [abstract?] from the easy, most useful maxims or institutions the trite reasons of their preferableness, and to accommodate to the loose inductions of their own indisciplinable minds. Thus mankind is governed by dissertation precedents for actions which were never, or are no longer, useful and deluded by the pretensions of any bold impostor.
Such has been, most unfortunately, the process of the human mind relatively to the doctrines of Jesus Christ. Their original promulgation was authorized by an appeal to the antiquity of the institutions of Judaea; and in vindication of art 101 research paper, superstitious professing to be founded on them, it is asserted that nothing analogous to their tenor was ever before produced. The doctrines of Jesus Christ have scarcely the smallest resemblance to the Jewish law: nor have wisdom and benevolence and for phd dissertation pity failed in whatsoever age of the world to a2 psychology aqa generate such persuasions as those which are the basis of the moral system he announced. The most eminent philosophers of Greece had long been familiarized to the boldest and most sublime speculations on God, on bibtex for phd dissertation the visible world, and on the moral and military intellectual Nature of Man. The universality and unity of God, the omnipotence of the mind of man, the equality of human beings and the duty of for phd dissertation, internal purity, is either asserted by Pythagoras, Plato, Diogenes, Zeno, and their followers, or may be directly inferred from research paper their assertions. Nothing would be gained by the establishment of the originality of Jesus Christ's doctrines but the casting a suspicion upon its practicability. Let us beware therefore what we admit lest, as some have made a trade of its imagined mysteries, we lose the bibtex dissertation, inestimable advantages of its simplicity. Let us beware, if we love liberty and truth, if we loathe tyranny and imposture, if, imperfect ourselves, we still aspire to the freedom of internal purity, and cherish the elevated hope that mankind may not be everlastingly condemned to the bondage of their own passions and the passions of their fellow beings, let us beware. An established religion turns to deathlike apathy the sublimest ebullitions of most exalted genius, and a2 psychology the spirit-stirring truths of a mind inflamed with the desire of benefiting mankind. Bibtex For Phd! It is the characteristic of a cold and tame spirit to imagine that such doctrines as Jesus Christ promulgated are destined to follow the fortunes and share the extinction of a popular religion. Forman's Editorial Preface: The Essay on Christianity was first given by art 101 research Lady Shelley, in the Shelley Memorials (1859), where it is accompanied by the following note:—The reader will observe some unfinished sentences in the course of this Essay; but it has been thought advisable to print it exactly as it was found, with the exception of a few conjectural words inserted between brackets.
In this and other respects the text of the Memorials is here followed; but I have added from the St. James's Magazine for March, 1876, what appears to be a part of bibtex for phd, a recapitulation and conclusion. It is reasonable to social think that this would have been further developed; but the final sentences are peculiarly weighty, and for phd likely to be the conclusion of the whole matter. Mr. Rossetti assigns this Essay, not very confidently, to the year 1815: if that be not the date, I should incline to place it a little later rather than earlier.—H.B.F. calculated——: It seems likely that it was a part of the scheme of this Essay to examine and illustrate the Beatitudes seriatim . The passage now printed as the conclusion of the Essay occupies a page and a half of a sheet of foolscap paper: on the other leaf of the sheet, and not continuously with the rest are written and cancelled the following passages:— I, the Redeemer of mankind; I who dare to. Lament no more ye meek and gentle beings: bear on against the oppressions of the hard and unfeeling world—with resolute and tranquil mind; for in the calmness of essays on accountability, your own spirit shall be your reward, and the. him: See Note on this subject, Vol. III, p. 312. Scythia: Jesus Christ foresaw what the poets retrospectively imagined. [Shelley's Note.]
Jesus Christ did not. It is at this point that the Essay ends in the Shelley Memorials . Bibtex Dissertation! The rest is from the St. James's Magazine . superstitions professing. Cancelled reading, a system professing to be founded on these doctrines . produced: Cancelled reading, Let us proceed to vindicate . law: There is another erasure here, The Philosophers of Greece, and their imitators, the Romans, bear. The: Cancelled reading, The doctrines were speculations of the most eminent, c. Plato: In the MS., The Platonists and Stoics is essays social britain here struck out.
practicability: Cancelled passage, It promises , and again, would persuade man not to be tyrant of man . liberty and truth: In the MS., our fellow men is here struck out in favour of liberty and truth . It is the characteristic. Cancelled reading, It is a cold and palsying tame thought . follow the fortunes: In the dissertation, MS. the art 101 paper, words share the fate originally stood here.
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Free Resume Guide 2017 with Amazing Tips and Examples. Searching for a new job is one of the hardest things you’ll have to do in your career and it’s no easier this year. It is also the bibtex for phd most important. That’s why we decided to create our Free Resume Guide 2017 with tips, examples and all the information you need to create the perfect resume or CV. The right job is essays policy one of three things that contribute most to your happiness in life. Which is why you need to do it right. Besides you, your resume is your most important tool in a job search. It is for phd your first impression with employers.
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The header also includes basic contact details and links to other relevant online profiles. For a European CV, the master s thesis on educational psychology header will also include a professional profile picture. Do not include a picture for a traditional North American application. For Phd Dissertation. For a web based North American resume, a picture is master s thesis on educational acceptable. An objective statement is dissertation no longer acceptable on easy on pollution, your resume summary or resume introduction.
Employers know your objective is to get the job. Instead, you have two options. Write a summary or introduction that highlights your most valuable accomplishments and skills. Do not include a summary or introduction. The introduction goes after the bibtex for phd dissertation header information, and should serve the following purposes: Highlights your the art 101 research most valuable aspects of your resume Draws the reader in, and encourages them to read more.
Bad example: Experienced professional seeking employment in the financial services sector. Good example: Experienced financial planner who has consistently generated above market returns for bibtex dissertation, clients. Thrives in a2 psychology coursework aqa a team-oriented and for phd high pressure environment. Bad example: Passionate marketing manager and creative problem solver who loves to work with great people. Good example: Results-driven marketing professional with over 10 years experience working with blue-chip clients including Nestle, Google, and easy Intel. Remember, the introduction is not a necessary element. If you’re going to use it, do so wisely. No introduction is better than a poor one. The most valuable section of your resume is the for phd work experience section.
It is usually the most important factor in getting a job. Highly relevant experience in a field is the first thing employers look for. Even for entry level jobs employers want to see relevant experience. Most commonly, work experience is displayed in research reverse chronological order, with your most recent job first. Bibtex. If you do have a highly relevant position, there is no rule against re-ordering your work history to put the most relevant job first. Each work history entry should include:
Employer Name Dates of words for essays college Employment Job Titles Job Descriptions Accomplishments. The most crucial aspect of your career history is to write accomplishments, not history. Your job title and regular duties don’t matter - what matters is bibtex for phd your most impressive achievements in those positions. Ensure your accomplishments are compelling. Master Psychology. Accomplishments are best written in bullet-point format, underneath each job title held. Resume Example Accomplishment Statements. Bad example: Promoted to senior account manager with full responsibility for for phd, the company’s #1 client. Good example: Promoted to military essays on accountability senior account manager to manage #1 client, growing the dissertation business from $3 million to social policy britain $6 million in 2 years. Bad example: Completed all projects under time and under budget. Good example: Averaged 7% under budget while completing 100% of projects on schedule, 65% ahead of schedule.
Bad example: Managed a portfolio for blue-chip clients that generated high returns. Good example: Responsible for $5 million in assets for dissertation, high net worth clients that generated a return of over 12% in 2013. Good example: Increased referral rates by 15% and art 101 research paper maintained a customer satisfaction rate of over 95%. Writing effective Resume Accomplishment Statements. The following section is a series of bibtex for phd questions designed to help you quantify your performance in social policy britain a position to write better accomplishment statements. Spend an hour answering these questions in relation to for phd each job you’ve held. This will give you “ammunition” to transition words college work with when writing your resume. Questions to quantify performance. Did you make money for the company?
Did you increase market share? Did you improve your ranking in comparison to bibtex for phd other departments, branches, or competitors? Did you suggest any ways to cut costs in your team, department, unit, branch, or company? Did you regularly meet all your deadlines? Did you improve the efficiency of transition words for essays college your job, team, or department? How did your performance compare to prior years? How did you rank against the competition? How did you rank against industry averages? What were your performance goals?
Did you meet them? Exceed them? How did you contribute to the bottom line? Questions to reveal success factors: What are you most proud of? What did supervisors compliment you for? What do your performance evaluations say?
What are you known for? What do you do that others can’t or don’t do? What would “fall apart” or “slide downhill” if you weren’t at your job for dissertation, a week? What do you have “bragging rights” about? Where you the first, best or most effective in any particular function or organization? Questions to create strong introductory statements. What is the most important thing I accomplished in that job?
What was I initially hired to do? Did I do it? What major challenge was I presented with? Or what major challenge did my company or industry face, and on accountability how did I surmount that challenge? What happened to for phd dissertation my company or department as a result of my effort in that job? These are helpful verbs to use when writing your accomplishment statements. Always start your accomplishments with a verb. The majority of your resume writing time should be spent writing compelling accomplishment statements. Pro tips for writing accomplishments.
Focus on essays policy britain, performance and results. Use specific examples with real numbers. Use Power words (not passive ones). The education section contains some or all of the following: Name of School Degree Earned Major Course(s) of Study Academic Distinctions Extracurricular and Leadership Activities Training and Certification Additional Professional Development. Keys for the education section: The more senior your career, the fewer education details to include. For younger professionals, add in distinguishing information such as achievements or leadership roles. Bibtex. Don’t let your education shadow your experience, and never inflate your credentials. You should have a listing of your skills on your resume, that includes your level of competency of each skill.
Skills are extremely important to essay match with the job description - it’s what employers are looking to hire. Extras are additional facts and for phd dissertation information that don’t fit into one of the previous categories but might be important to include, such as: Professional Affiliations and Industry Leadership Presentations and Publications Language Proficiencies Technical Competencies Community Activities and Leadership Positions Personal Interests. As you are gathering the material for your resume, organize it into these rough groups; but keep in mind that you don’t have to follow a strict formula! You can create new sections, add in unusual information, or come up with creative ways to present your qualifications. The purpose of the words for essays college resume is to tell your story and dissertation describe your capabilities in the way that is most beneficial to you and s thesis psychology meaningful to employers. The number one question to ask: How is your resume solving an employer’s problem? Which resume design should you use? It depends. Use your judgement to decide which resume design best suits the job you’re applying for. For Phd. For a creative job, a more creative resume is essays social recommended.
For an accounting job? Use a more classic design. Once you’ve written the right content, pick a design that best shows off your unique capabilities and bibtex fits the art 101 research paper position you’re seeking. Having multiple version of your resume is essential for a successful job search. Bibtex Dissertation. Here are the versions you should have: A online resume (web based).
A master resume with lots of detail. A custom resume for each job application. How long should my resume be? The standard North American Resume is easy essay on pollution 1-2 pages in length. A more detailed academic CV can be much longer. For Phd Dissertation. However, don’t try to cram your resume into a shorter version just because of conventions. A well-laid out, efficient resume will perform better than a crammed 1 page resume. Do I need a picture on my resume? In North America, no. In fact, having a picture on your resume could limit your chances of landing an interview.
For a web based resume, a picture is easy on pollution fine. Bibtex Dissertation. However if you’re applying in a traditional way, create a version of your resume that does not include a picture. Do I need an objective on my resume? No! Your objective is to get the art 101 research paper job. Dissertation. Employers know that! Replace the words college objective with a summary of your skills and experience.
Should I include references? No. As a general rule, including references (or “references available upon request” is redundant. Dissertation. Keep your limited space for selling yourself. What format should I submit my application in? PDF is your best option for submitting a resume to an employer or an ATS. Master Psychology. You won’t risk losing formatting from a Word Document, and it gives you the most control. Should I customize my resume for for phd, each application? Yes. Studies show that tailoring your resume for a specific position is much more effective than sending a generic application. Easy Essay. It takes extra time, but is bibtex worth the effort.
Do you have resume guides for master on educational, specific applications. For example a resume guide for bibtex for phd, teachers, it, architects, students, nursing, freshers, internships, designers, engineering, tour guide or no experience? *No. However, we do have an amazing resume samples directory with resume samples for transition words college, every occupation or situation. For Phd. Check it out here. Step by step, section by section, you’ve built your resume. Congratulations! Now it’s time to easy essay on pollution get that dream job.
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