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Bioengineering: Observation and Application Proposal Essay. When delving into one’s own mind, he/she begins to discover limitless thoughts that lead down endless directions. And Fitness Papers. When creating a research paper, one typically begins to think about what interests him/her. Colored Helps. There is no sense of learning or adventure in research, exploring the educational aspect of poverty, a known topic. Health. So in a careful approach, I began to think about my interests and resume for ccna, knowledge on such subjects. Health And Fitness Research Papers. I discovered an interest in the engineering field because it is my chosen major at my university.
I also thought about the different tracks of engineering as well as how they can be used in the real world. I put all of pioneer writers essay, my interests together and began to intertwine them into one interesting subject, one that I didn’t completely know about. The summation of my interests produced the topic of bioengineering, along with observation and application within the field. With the observation of studying abroad (in Sweden) and bioengineering research I will be able discover opportunities for application in the real world/society. My research paper includes a specific focus of engineering. After researching bioengineering and its applications, I will be able to use my study abroad observations to produce different solutions towards pollution. Papers. When studying abroad, I will be able to step outside of my closed environment (Evansville, Indiana) and have the opportunity to broaden my views of the world. I will see the essay on nature, effects of pollution from a whole different perspective. I will have observations from somewhere on the other side of the world. Then, I can compare those observations with the pollution issues in Evansville, Indiana and make a generalization as to how pollution effects the health and fitness research, world as a whole.
I will then apply my knowledge (of bioengineering through research) to suggest possible solutions to thoughts, the world wide pollution issue. And Fitness Research Papers. This research will include environmental applications of bioengineering, pollution in Sweden (study abroad site), as well as general pollution statistics. When looking over all of these topics, one begins to wonder. How could these topics interlace into one main idea? I linked them together to where they shared common ideas in order for me to colored paper dyslexia, build off of one and health and fitness research papers, transition into another; producing one fluid research paper with all three topics. Within the resume for ccna, study abroad topic, I thought that I could describe my experience/exposure to pollution in a different country. Thinking, would one want to study abroad in a heavily polluted area? I will mention that pollution is a worldwide issue. I will then begin to tie in my study abroad experience into pollution by describing the cycle of pollution. I will talk about human pollution and how it affects the environment and health research, eventually affects us. For example, the BP oil spill.
How did the environment change afterwards? What if we were to eat an animal that was exposed to essay on nature, the oil spill, or what if we were exposed to the water later on? For example, a kid who is swimming in the area and accidently gets a gulp of seawater. Surely the oil isn’t 100% out of the water, and not only the oil would affect the water, but also littering in the water, such as plastic waste. All of our pollution has a negative effect, and will come back to affect us later on. With pollution affecting us, I will then transition into and fitness, Bioengineering. Resume For Ccna. I will ask myself how I (a biomedical engineer) could stop the sickness (related to health, pollution) from happening. I will ask myself this question both when it comes to humans and the environment as well. Can I create something to protect humans or the environment from depletion, such harm? I will ask myself how we can stop pollution.
I will present the simple response of “everyone recycle, and ride their bicycles, etc.” but the reality is that it is not that simple. I will incorporate research data when it comes to pollution, sickness resulting from health and fitness research papers, pollution, and writers, bioengineering studies on how to solve the problem. Bioengineering is a. Related Documents: Bioengineering: Observation and Application Proposal Essay. loved how everyone was so open to what was going on, and health and fitness papers, did not have a definite leadership within the church because everyone led in the way that they could. Through my observation, the church was well planned, and on non farming, had many people working on it. Several members were involved in health and fitness research, the process to make church happen every Sunday, and this group of member changed every month. Sunday school hour was a discussion that was a reflection period for some and a processing time for others. It was a deep, open. Resume For Ccna. Words 3515 - Pages 15. ?EDUC 111 Observation Paper #1 Classroom Characteristics Second grade Entering this sky blue room at and fitness papers, Peoria Christian, I noticed multiple characteristics that were similar to other second grade classrooms. On Nature Depletion. The physical arrangement, the aesthetics, and the environment contributes a lot to learning.
In addition, many leadership techniques were used conductively in this room, with communication from the teacher to one student branching off to modify the behavior of the group as whole. All. Words 837 - Pages 4. Facebook Application Essay example. Theodore Yu Professor Vazquez English 35 10 July 2013 Why Start Facebook? What is Facebook and why should everyone use it? Facebook is a website which is used by teens and adults alike for health papers, social networking.
The Facebook application is owned and operated by Facebook, Inc., which was established in essay on nature, September 2006. Since Facebook has been made, it has been growing each year and and fitness research, now has approximately eight hundred million users worldwide, thus titling Facebook the world’s. Words 848 - Pages 4. ?Wing Jierong Ma 2113 W. Pampa Ave. Mesa, AZ 85202 (480)388-5805 Jma55840@gmail.com September 21, 2014 JPMorgan Chase 1744 E. Southern Ave. Tempe, AZ 85282 Dear Hiring Manager: Please accept my application for a telephone banker for JPMorgan Chase at the Tempe branch.
I found this advertisement on resume for ccna, LinkedIn professional network and and fitness papers, I feel my experience and my knowledge of health, finance make me a qualified applicant. I have four years of experience as an assistant manager at a restaurant where I. Research. Words 300 - Pages 2. Essay about Observation: Observation and on nature depletion, Writing Observation Observing. confusing and became squeamish and moved around frequently with many reminders to stay on papers, track. There were many who hurried through their work and completed the assignment in record time. As they approached the teacher, she checked over the work and made many corrections and essay depletion, advised them to look over their writings because they left out detailed information. The second observation was while the students were reading books on their level. And Fitness Papers. The students were “left loose” to read freely on their. Words 589 - Pages 3. Behavior Observation The purpose of this simulation was to colored helps dyslexia, gain an understanding of the importance of the use of immediacy behaviors while interacting with others in the business and social environments. I conducted two experiments that are detailed below which give a brief report of my findings.
Immediacy Behaviors are those behaviors that communicate intimacy, personableness and papers, openness to other people. First, I visited a retail store that works on pioneer, commission. For my second. Words 1046 - Pages 5. happy that I am able to observe such a wonderful teacher this year. And Fitness Papers. Mrs. Hobby, being a past teacher of resume for ccna, mine, is the one teacher that had the biggest influence on my wanting to become a teacher, and to now work with and learn from her, is an and fitness research, unbelievable experience, and I can only hope that one day I will be able to is better than wealth, manage my classroom, half as good as she can. Created on classroom architect.
References Borich, Gary D. Observation Skills For Effective Teaching. 7th ed. Boulder: Paragidm, 2014. Print. Classroom Architect. Classroom Architect. Health And Fitness Research. N.p., 12 Oct. 2014. Web. 14 Oct.
2014. Essay. http://classroom.4teachers.org/. Words 1244 - Pages 5. 2/2/11 Big Wheel Skating Ring Last Friday night, I invited my daughter and my young niece to have fun awhile I do my observation at the Big Wheel Roller Skating Center. This is a very “hot spot” in my area where most students of all ages have fun showing their talent on the rink. I paid for our tickets and then navigated to an empty seat, one free table along the and fitness research papers, sidewall near the water fountain. I take a seat and I asked my daughter to order something for us at snack stand, as my niece. Words 756 - Pages 4. Observation: Lily’s Flowers, 21 April Lily, Sue and colored dyslexia, Annabelle — Indoor play Lily has been experimenting with paint combinations over several days.
In discussion with Sue (assistant), we decided to introduce small pots of paints and a mixing palette (off screen) so that Lily could create her own colour combinations. Sue introduced a postcard of research, flowers as Lily has been talking about the flowers in poverty, her own garden at home. As Lily painted she looked at the postcard very carefully, used the. Words 1007 - Pages 5. ?Observation at Kenzie’s Coffee Shop Beatriz arrived to health and fitness research, the office at 7:34AM on Friday 16 of May 2014, she walked in to the office wearing a maxi skirt purple and pioneer writers of english essay, a white tight blouse. First thing Beatriz did was to say hello to everyone on her way to health papers, her desk including me. As soon as she reached her desk, Beatriz turned on her laptop on and waited for the computer to resume for ccna, be loaded. She checked who was around for a coffee. I walked to her desk to remind her that I was recording her morning.
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Free Online Strategy Innovation Training | businessballs.com. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and and fitness tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Table of contents. 1. business plans and writers marketing strategy. business plans and marketing strategy. free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Here are tips, examples, techniques, tools and health and fitness research papers a process for writing business plans to produce effective results.
This free online guide explains how to on non farming activities write a marketing or business strategy, a basic business plan, and a sales plan, using free templates, tools and examples, such as SWOT Analysis, PEST Analysis, the 'Ansoff Matrix' and the 'Boston Matrix'. Separately the marketing guide offers more specific explanation and theories and tools for marketing strategy and marketing planning, including techniques and tips for advertising, public relations (PR), press and media publicity, sales enquiry lead generation, advertising copy-writing, internet and health and fitness research papers website marketing, etc. The sales training guide offers detailed theories and methods about sales planning and selling, extending to cold calling and negotiation skills and techniques, especially relating to essay activities selling. Sometimes people use the term business plan when they are referring to a project. It may or may not be appropriate to and fitness research papers use the writers essay, term 'business planning' for a project. Research Papers! Some projects are very substantial and resume for ccna equate to an autonomous (independent) business activity, in and fitness, which case a business plan is entirely appropriate.
Other projects are smaller, perhaps limited to internal change or development, and poverty thoughts are less likely to require a conventional business plan, and are quite adequately planned and managed via project management methods. Business planning terminology can be confusing because much of it is used very loosely, and can mean different things. Here is a way to understand it better: Terminology in business planning is often used very loosely. When people talk and write about health and fitness papers business planning different terms may mean the same thing, and a single term can mean different things. The term 'business planning' itself covers all sorts of resume for ccna, different plans within a business, or potentially within a non-commercial organization. The words 'strategy' and health and fitness research papers 'strategic' arise often in the subject of buisness planning, although there is pioneer writers, no actual difference between a 'business plan' and a 'strategic business plan'. Every business plan is arguably 'strategic'. Health And Fitness! Everyone involved in planning arguably adopts a 'strategic' approach.
Most businesses and plans are primarily driven or determined by market needs and aims . This increasingly applies to many non-commercial activities (government services, education, health, charities, etc), whose planning processes may also be described as 'business planning', even though such organizations may not be businesses in the way we normally imagine. In such non-commercial organizations, 'business planning' might instead be called 'organizational planning', or 'operational planning', or 'annual planning' or simply 'planning'. Pioneer! Essentially all these terms mean the same, and health papers increasingly the tendency is for health wealth essays, 'business planning' to become a generic (general) term to refer to them. I should clarify that finance is of course a major and unavoidable aspect of papers, business and organizational activities, but in terms of planning, finance is resume for ccna, a limiting or enabling factor; finance is a means to an end, or a restriction; finance in itself is not a basis for growth or strategy. Markets/customers, product/service development, and sales, provide the only true basis for papers, businesses to define direction, development, growth, etc., and thereby business strategy and planning. Business planning always starts with or revisits the basic aim or need to colored dyslexia provide products or services to customers - also called a market or 'market-place'. Health And Fitness Research Papers! Consequently business plans tend first to look outwards, at essay on non farming a market, before they look inwards, at finance and health and fitness research production, etc.
This means that most business plans are driven by marketing, since marketing is the of english essay, function which addresses market opportunity and need, and how to fulfil it. Marketing in this sense is also called 'marketing strategy' - or more broadly 'business strategy'. In many simple, small, and/or old traditional businesses, 'marketing' is often seen instead to be 'sales' or 'selling' (usually because in health, such businesses selling is the only marketing activity), in which case a 'sales plan' may be the main driver of strategy and the business plan. Many people use the words 'sales' or 'selling' and on nature depletion 'marketing' to mean the same thing - basically selling products or services to customers, in the broadest sense. In fact, marketing refers to health and fitness much wider issues than sales and selling. Marketing involves the strategic planning of a business (or other organizational provider) through to farming activities every aspect of research papers, customer engagement, including market reserach, product development, branding, advertising and promotion, methods of selling, customer service, and extending to the acquisition or development of is better than, new businesses. Sales or selling is an activity within marketing, referring to the methods and processes of communicating and agreeing and completing the and fitness research, transaction (sale) with the resume for ccna, customer. Given all this, it is hopefully easier to understand why, depending on a person's role or standpoint or the department in which they work, 'business planning' may be referrred to in many and various ways, for example as 'sales planning', 'marketing planning', 'strategic planning', etc., and that all these terms might mean slightly different things, according to the situation. If there is a technically correct definition of 'business planning', then perhaps we can best say that 'business planning' refers to the plan of the overall organization, or to a unit or division within an organization with responsibility for a trade or profit. A business plan technically contains and reflects the individual plans for the different functions within the whole operation, each of which may have its own detailed 'business plans', which might be called business plans, or more correctly departmental or functional plans according to and fitness research their purpose, such as a marketing plan, sales plan, production plan, financial plan, etc. Additional help regarding terminology is resume for ccna, offered by health research, the business planning definitions below.
Other definitions and essay explanations are offered in the business glossary, and in the shorter glossaries of the sales and marketing sections. Terminology will be further explained to clarify meaning and avoid confusion throughout this article. Approached correctly, writing business plans and marketing strategy is usually simpler than first seems. Business planning may seem complex and daunting but mostly it is common sense. Marketing strategy - which often drives the aims and 'shape' of a business plan - is mostly common sense too. Business plans, and and fitness research papers the strategy which drives them, are based on logic, or cause and effect : I want to is better than essays achieve a certain result - so what will cause this to happen? Even the health and fitness research papers, biggest business plan is effectly built on a collection of lots of causes and effects. A written business plan provides the paper, narrative (explanation) of the numbers contained in a spreadsheet. When we see lots of numbers in a computer spreadsheet we can forget this, but the numbers are merely a reflection of scale and detail, and of computerised calculations and modelling, etc. In fact often when we are confronted with a complex planning spreadsheet containing thousands of numbers, what we are actually being offered is a ready-made planning tool.
In many cases, where business planning is a continuation of an ongoing situation, the most frightening spreadsheets can provide a very easy template for health and fitness papers, future plans, especially with a little help from a colleague in resume for ccna, the acciounts department who understands how it all works. Ironically, a blank sheet of paper - in other words a 'new business start-up' - is health and fitness research, usually a much more challenging starting point. It is generally more difficult to write a business plan for a start-up business (a new business) than for an existing business. This is because an existing business usually has computerised records of the results of past activities and resume for ccna trading (usually called 'accounts'). Spreadsheets are usually available showing previous years plans and health and fitness research actual results, which can be used as a template on which new plans can easily be overlaid. Writing a new business plan for the continuation or development of colored paper, such an existing situation obviously enables much of the planning to be based on existing figures, ratios, statistics, etc. New business start-up situations by their nature tend to have no previous results, so we often refer to this sort of planning as 'starting with a blank sheet of paper'. New business start-ups - especially if you are the owner or entrepreneur - present bigger planning challenges in some respects because we have no previous records to act as a guide, but in other respects they offer wonderful opportunities to create genuinely innovative and exciting founding principles - your own new business philosophy - on which your plans can be built and developed. On this page there is specific guidance for business start-up situations. And Fitness Research Papers! See the simple business start-up principles.
Depending on the constraints applying in the planning for existing continuous business activities, the principles are very similar for poverty essay, start-up and existing business planning. It's essentially cause-and effect, and using the computer to calculate the numbers. A slightly more detailed version is on the quick business/operational plan page. Health Research Papers! , and begins with. To explore personal direction and change (for example for early planning of on nature, self-employment or new business start-up) see the passion-to-profit exercise and template on the teambuilding exercises page. See also the health research papers, simple notes about starting your own business, which to an extent also apply when you are starting a new business initiative or development inside another organisation as a new business development manager, or a similar role.
Here's a free profit and loss account spreadsheet template tool (xls) for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. Essay Farming! This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the health, Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the health than, principle is the health research, same. Towards the end of this article there is also a simple template/framework for essay, a feasibility study or justification report, such as might be required to win funding, authorisation or approval for starting a project, or the continuation of a project or group, in a commercial or voluntary situation. If you are starting a new business you might also find the tips and information about buying a franchise business to be helpful, since they cover many basic points about choice of business activity and early planning. (Note: Some UK-English and research US-English spellings differ, for example organisation/organization, colour/color. If using these materials please adapt the resume for ccna, spellings to health and fitness research suit your situation.) how to poverty essay write strategic marketing plans, business plans and sales plans. People use various terms referring to the business planning process - business plans, business strategy, marketing strategy, strategic business planning, sales planning - they all cover the same basic principles. When faced with business planning or strategy development task it's important to clarify exactly what is required: clarify what needs to be done rather than assume the aim from the and fitness research papers, description given to it - terms are confused and essay on non farming activities mean different things to different people. You'll see from the and fitness research papers, definitions below how flexible these business planning terms are.
a plan - a statement of intent - a calculated intention to organize effort and resource to resume for ccna achieve an outcome - in this context a plan is in written form, comprising explanation, justification and relevant numerical and financial statistical data. Papers! In a business context a plan's numerical data - costs and revenues - are normally scheduled over at least one trading year, broken down weekly, monthly quarterly and cumulatively. a business - an activity or entity, irrespective of size and autonomy, which is engaged in an activity, normally the provision of products and/or services, to produce commercial gain, extending to non-commercial organizations whose aim may or may not be profit (hence why public service sector schools and hospitals are in pioneer writers, this context referred to as 'businesses'). business plan - this is now rightly a very general and papers flexible term, applicable to essay on non activities the planned activities and aims of any entity, individual group or organization where effort is being converted into and fitness papers results , for example: a small company; a large company; a corner shop; a local window-cleaning business; a regional business; a multi-million pound multi-national corporation; a charity; a school; a hospital; a local council; a government agency or department; a joint-venture; a project within a business or department; a business unit, division, or department within another organization or company, a profit centre or cost centre within an an organization or business; the responsibility of a team or group or an individual. The business entity could also be a proposed start-up, a new business development within an existing organization, a new joint-venture, or any new organizational or business project which aims to convert action into results. The extent to which a business plan includes costs and overheads activities and health is better than wealth resources (eg., production, research and development, warehouse, storage, transport, distribution, wastage, shrinkage, head office, training, bad debts, etc) depends on health research the needs of the writers of english, business and the purpose of the health papers, plan. Large 'executive-level' business plans therefore look rather like a 'predictive profit and colored paper loss account', fully itemised down to the 'bottom line'. Health Research Papers! Business plans written at resume for ccna business unit or departmental level do not generally include financial data outside the health and fitness papers, department concerned. Most business plans are in effect sales plans or marketing plans or departmental plans, which form the main bias of this guide. strategy - originally a military term, in a business planning context strategy/strategic means/pertains to why and how the plan will work , in relation to essay all factors of influence upon the business entity and activity, particularly including competitors (thus the use of a military combative term), customers and demographics, technology and and fitness papers communications. marketing - believed by many to mean the same as advertising or sales promotion, marketing actually means and essay farming activities covers everything from company culture and research positioning, through market research, new business/product development, advertising and promotion, PR (public/press relations), and arguably all of the sales functions as well.
Marketing is the essay farming, process by which a business decides what it will sell, to whom, when and how, and health and fitness papers then does it . marketing plan - logically a plan which details what a business will sell, to whom, when and how, implicitly including the business/marketing strategy. The extent to which financial and commercial numerical data is included depends on the needs of the business. The extent to which this details the sales plan also depends on resume for ccna the needs of the and fitness research, business. sales - the transactions between the business and its customers whereby services and/or products are provided in return for colored helps dyslexia, payment. Sales (sales department/sales team) also describes the activities and resources that enable this process, and sales also describes the revenues that the business derives from the sales activities. sales plan - a plan describing, quantifying and research papers phased over time, how the the sales will be made and to whom. On Nature! Some organizations interpret this to be the same as a business plan or a marketing plan.
business strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. marketing strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. service contract - a formal document usually drawn up by the supplier by and fitness research papers, which the helps, trading arrangement is agreed with the customer. See the section on service contracts and health research papers trading agreements. strategic business plan - see strategy and business plan - it's a business plan with strategic drivers (which actually all business plans should be). strategic business planning - developing and writing a strategic business plan. philosophy, values, ethics, vision - these are the fundamentals of business planning, and determine the spirit and integrity of the business or organisation - see the guide to how philosophical and ethical factors fit into pioneer writers of english essay the planning process, and also the principles and and fitness papers materials relating to corporate responsibility and ethical leadership. You can see that many of these terms are interchangeable, so it's important to clarify what needs to be planned for rather than assuming or inferring a meaning from the name given to essay on non farming activities the task. That said, the principles explained here can be applied to business plans of all sorts.
Business plans are often called different names - especially by health and fitness research papers, senior managers and directors delegating a planning exercise that they do not understand well enough to explain. For example: sales plans, operational plans, organizational/organisational plans, marketing plans, marketing strategy plans, strategic business plans, department business plans, etc. Typically these names reflect the department doing the planning, despite which, the planning process and content required in the document is broadly similar. Other useful and relevant business planning definitions are in the business dictionary; the sales and selling glossary; some are also in resume for ccna, the financial terms glossary, and more - especially for training - are in the business and training acronyms listing, which also provides amusing light relief if this business planning gets a little dry (be warned, the acronyms listings contain some adult content). when writing a business or operating plan, remember. A useful first rule of business planning is to decide what you are actually trying to achieve and always keep this in mind . Write your aim large as a constant reminder to yourself, and to anyone else involved. Research! Keeping your central aim visible will help you minimise the distractions and distortions which frequently arise during the planning process. An increasingly vital and perhaps second rule of paper helps dyslexia, business planning is to and fitness research papers establish a strong ethical philosophy at the outset of your planning.
This provides a vital reference for decision-making and strategy from the start. Resume For Ccna! A strong clear ethical code communicates your values to staff, customers, suppliers, and creates a simple consistent basis for operations which conventional financials, processes, systems and even people, do not address. It is very difficult to introduce ethical principles later into health research papers an enterprise, especially when planning shifts into implementation, and more so if problems arise relating to integrity, honesty, corporate responsibility, trust, governance, etc., any of which can have massive impact on relationships and reputation. Pioneer! See corporate social responsibility and ethics and the Psychological Contract. It is easy to address issues of ethics and corporate responsibility when you are the owner of a new enterprise. It is more difficult if you are a manager in someone else's company or a large corporation. Nevertheless ethics and research papers corporate responsibility are highly significant in planning, and strong justification for their proper consideration can now be made. There are now plenty of health, recent examples of corporations - indeed entire national economies and governments - which have failed because of poor regard to health and fitness ethical considerations. Poverty Essay! The world is and fitness research, changing and essay farming activities learning, slowly, but it is, and anyone ignoring ethics in health and fitness, planning today does so at their own peril. A third crucial requirement for business plans is helps dyslexia, return on investment , or for public services and non-profit organisations: effective use of investment and resources, which is beyond simple 'cost control'.
For the vast majority of organisations, whether companies, public services, not-for-profit trusts and charities, all organisations need to research papers be financially effective in what they do, otherwise they will cease to function . Ultimately - whatever the organisation and poverty thoughts aims - financial viability is necessary to sustain any organised activity . While it's essential to manage ethical and research papers socially responsible aspects of organisational aims , these must allow for adequate return on essay on non activities investment (or in less traditional and 'non-profit' enterprises, must allow for the effective use of investment and resources , according to the financial requirements of the particular organisation). Remembering the need for financial viability is vital also because business planning is health and fitness, often done - rightly - to achieve something new and special. This tends to focus thinking on creativity, innovation, ambition, quality, excellence, perhaps even social good, etc., which can easily distract planning away from the basic need to essay on non activities be financially viable - and and fitness papers crucially not to resume for ccna make a loss. By treating return on investment as a vital requirement of planning we increase the likelihood that plans will be viable and therefore sustainable. Return on investment is however a variable feature of papers, business planning. Poverty! It is flexible according to the type of enterprise, its main purpose and philosophy. In a conventional profit-driven corporation return on investment (at an optimal rate) is typically a strong strategic driver for local planning and decisions, and by implication also a basic requirement of the enterprise as a whole. On the other hand, in a business or organization less focused on shareholder reward, such as a public services trust or charity, or a social enterprise or cooperative, return on investment (at a relatively lower rate), may be a requirement simply to health research sustain viable operations, according to the aims of the enterprise. Essays! In the first example, return on research investment is the aim; in the second example, return on helps investment enables some other higher aim to be achieved. In more detail:
In a traditional profit-driven corporation, return on investment tends to be the main requirement of any business plan and also the main aim or purpose or driver of the plan. In most traditional corporations return on investment tends to be at the heart of all activities, since typically the corporation exists to maximize the yield (profit and growth effectively) of health and fitness research, shareholder funds invested in the business. Planning in traditional corporations at times forgets this basic obligation, especially when a junior manager is asked to 'write a business plan' for the first time. In traditional profit-driven corporations, when a new manager starts to write a business plan or operational plan for the first time (and for some experienced managers also, for poverty essay, the umpteenth time), the manager wonders: What is the aim? What am I trying to achieve? Often when they ask their own manager, the manager has the same doubts. The central aim is usually return on health and fitness investment . In businesses or 'non-profit' organisations where shareholder enrichment is not the main purpose, return on investment is less of a driver in business planning, but is nevertheless a crucial requirement . Helps Dyslexia! Such enterprises are becoming more popular, and will continue to become so, since the health and fitness papers, collapse of the western economies in essay depletion, 2008, and increasing disillusionment with old-style business thinking. Here return on investment is not the primary driver or objective of the business. Instead the main driver of and fitness, enterprise may be some other purpose. An example of activities, 'some other purpose' might be the activities of a social enterprise or cooperative, or maybe an employee ownership company, or perhaps a trust or charity, whose main aim is (rather than the traditional profit generation for external/institutional shareholders) perhaps to benefit its members/staff, and/or to sustain local jobs, and/or to benefit the local community, or maybe to advance science or learning or health, etc.
Here, while return on investment may seem less crucial or appropriate to planning and operations, the enterprise must nevertheless remain financially viable , or it ceases to health and fitness research papers be able to operate at all. In such examples, return on investment in business planning is not usually maximized, but must still be treated as an underpinning requirement to planning, and flexed according to the fundamental aims and financial requirements of the enterprise. Before planning, therefore, it is helpful to understand clearly: What are we actually aiming to achieve? What is our policy/position on corporate social responsibility and ethics, etc - our philosophy? And what return on investment (or alternative financial performance) does our activity/enterprise require - is this a strategic driver in itself, or simply the means by which we maintain our activities in support of essay farming, our (point 1) aims? The basic methodology of business planning is health and fitness research papers, identifying causes and effects , according to your relevant business requirements (financials and resume for ccna ethics) and strategic drivers (what we are actually aiming to achieve). Here a cause is an input or action or resource; an papers effect is an poverty essay outcome or result or consequence of some sort. We want to achieve xyz effect (for example a given return on investment, or a certain sales level or market share, whatever) - so what should we plan to and fitness papers cause this to happen?
Commonly big cause/effect elements are broken down into essay activities smaller activities, which also comprise a cause and effect. (The goal planning process and tools help explain how this subdivision works - where a big aim is broken down into smaller more measurable and achievable parts). Junior managers have responsibility for plans and activities which feed into health papers larger departmental plans and on nature depletion activities of senior managers. The plans and activities of senior managers feed into the divisional plans of executives and directors. There is a hierarchy or tree structure of health research papers, cause and colored paper helps dyslexia effects, all hopefully contributing to the overall organizational aim. In many good businesses a substantial business planning responsibility extends now to health and fitness research front line customer-facing staff, and the trend is increasing. In this context, the business plan could be called also be called a marketing plan, or a sales plan - all departmental plans are basically types of business planning: What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to essay sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales will produce, what the marketing and/or selling cost will be, and what will be the return on investment. Where a department is a 'cost centre' not a 'profit-centre' - providing products or services internally to other departments rather than externally to customers - then the language and planning elements may alter, but the principles remain the same. Also, these principles and methods apply to very large complex multinational organizations, which tend to entail more and different costs, fixed overheads, revenues, and consequently larger planning formats; more and bigger spreadsheets, more lines and columns on each, more attention and and fitness people working on the numbers, more accountants, and typically - especially at middle-management level and above - more emphasis on cashflow and the balance sheet, alongside basic 'profit and loss' planning.
carry out your market research, including understanding your competitor activity. 'The market' varies according to the business or organisation concerned, but every organised activity has a market. Knowing the market enables you to dyslexia assess and value and plan how to and fitness research engage with it. On Nature Depletion! A common failing of business planning or operational planning outside of the 'business' world, is to plan in isolation, looking inward, when ideas can seem very positive and reliable because there's no context and nothing to compare. Hence research is critical. And this applies to health research papers any type of organisation - not just to businesses. See especially the guidance on marketing as it relates to business planning. Planning very much concerns processes.
The principles of marketing will explain additionally how to put meaning and values into what you plan. Your market research should focus on the information you need, to help you to formulate strategy and resume for ccna make business decisions. Market research should be pragmatic and purposeful - a means to an end, and not a means in health papers, itself. Market information potentially covers a vast range of depletion, data, from health and fitness papers global macro-trends and statistics, to farming very specific and detailed local or technical information, so it's important to decide what is and fitness research papers, actually relevant and necessary to know. Is Better Than! Market information about market and health and fitness research industry trends, values, main corporations, market structure, etc, is important to know for pioneer writers of english essay, large corporations operating on a national or international basis. This type of research is sometimes called 'secondary', because it is already available, having been researched and published previously. And Fitness! This sort of information is available from the internet, libraries, research companies, trade and national press and publications, professional associations and institutes.
This secondary research information normally requires some interpretation or manipulation for your own purposes. However there's no point spending days researching global statistical economic and demographic data if you are developing a strategy for a relatively small or local business. Far more useful would be to essay on non farming activities carry out your own 'primary' research (i.e. original research) about the local target market, buying patterns and preferences, local competitors, their prices and service offerings. A lot of research papers, useful primary market research can be performed using customer feed-back, surveys, questionnaires and focus groups (obtaining indicators and activities views through discussion among a few representative people in and fitness research, a controlled discussion situation). This sort of primary research should be tailored exactly for colored paper dyslexia, your needs. Primary research requires less manipulation than secondary research, but all types of research need a certain amount of analysis. Health Research! Be careful when extrapolating or projecting figures to avoid magnifying initial mistakes or wrong assumptions. Is Better! If the starting point is inaccurate the resulting analysis will not be reliable.
For businesses of any size; small, local, global and everything in health and fitness research papers, between, the main elements you need to understand and depletion quantify are: customer (and potential customer) numbers, profile and mix customer perceptions, needs, preferences, buying patterns, and trends, by sub-sector if necessary products and services, mix, values and health papers trends demographic issues and trends (especially if dependent on consumer markets) future regulatory and legal effects prices and values, and customer perceptions in these areas distribution and is better wealth essays routes to market competitor activities, strengths, weaknesses, products, services, prices, sales methods, etc. Primary research is recommended for research papers, local and niche services. Keep the subjects simple and the range narrow. If using questionnaires formulate questions that give clear yes or no indicators (i.e. avoid three and five options in multi-choices which produce lots of uncertain answers) always understand how you will analyse and measure the data produced. Try to convert data to numerical format and manipulate on a spreadsheet. Use focus groups for more detailed work. For large research projects consider using a market research organization because they'll probably do it better than you, even though this is likely to be more costly. If you use any sort of marketing agency ensure you issue a clear brief, and that your aims are clearly understood. Useful frameworks for research are PEST analysis and SWOT analysis. establish your corporate philosophy and the aims of your business or operation. First establish or confirm the aims of the business, and if you are concerned with a part of a business, establish and validate the health is better, aims of your part of the business.
These can be very different depending on the type of business, and health particularly who owns it. Refer to and consider issues of ethics and philosophy, corporate social responsibility, sustainability, etc - these are the foundations on which values and missions are built. Consider the Psychological Contract and health than wealth essays the benefits of establishing a natural balance and fairness between all interests (notably staff, customers, the organization). Traditional business models are not necessarily the research papers, best ones. The world is constantly changing, and establishing a new business is a good time to challenge preconceptions of essay depletion, fundamental business structure and purpose. A business based on a narrow aim of enriching a few investors while relegating the needs and health and fitness involvement of everyone else may contain conflicts and tensions at a deep level.
There are other innovative business structures which can inherently provide a more natural, cooperative and self-fuelling relationship - especially between employees and than essays the organization, and potentially between customers and the organization too. When you have established or confirmed your philosophical and ethical position, state the objectives of the business unit you are planning to health and fitness research develop - your short, medium and essay on non farming activities long term aims - (typically 'short, medium and long' equate to health research papers 1 year, 2-3 years and 3 years plus). In other words, what is the business aiming to resume for ccna do over the next one, three and five years? Bear in mind that you must reliably ensure the success and viability of the business in the short term or the health and fitness research, long term is merely an academic issue. Grand visions need solid foundations. All objectives and health is better aims must be prioritised and and fitness research papers as far as possible quantified. If you can't measure it, you can't manage it.
All businesses need a ‘mission statement'. Writers! It announces clearly and succinctly to your staff, shareholders and customers what you are in health and fitness, business to do. Your mission statement may build upon a general ‘service charter' relevant to your industry. You can involve staff in defining and refining the business's mission statement, which helps develop a sense of essay farming, ownership and responsibility. Producing and announcing the health, mission statement is also an excellent process for focusing attention on the business's priorities, and particularly the emphasis on than customer service. Whole businesses need a mission statement - departments and health papers smaller business units within a bigger business need them too. define your 'product offering(s)' or 'service offering(s)' - your sales proposition(s) You must understand and define clearly what you are providing to your customers.
This description should normally go beyond your products or services, and critically must include the colored paper helps dyslexia, way you do business , and what business benefits your customers derive from your products and services, and health research papers from doing business with you. Develop offerings or propositions for resume for ccna, each main area of your business activity - sometimes referred to papers as 'revenue streams', or 'business streams' - and/or for the sector(s) that you serve. Under normal circumstances competitive advantage is increased the more you can offer things that your competitors cannot. Good research will tell you where the opportunities are to increase your competitive advantage in areas that are of prime interest to your target markets. Develop your service offering to pioneer writers of english emphasise your strengths, which should normally relate to and fitness research your business objectives, in colored, turn being influenced by corporate aims and market research. The important process in developing a proposition is health, translating your view of these services into an offer that means something to your customer. The definition of your service offer must make sense to your customer in terms that are advantageous and beneficial to the customer, not what is essay, technically good, or scientifically sound to health and fitness you. Think about what your service, and the manner by which you deliver it, means to your customer. Traditionally, in sales and marketing, this perspective is referred to as translating features into benefits. The easiest way to translate a feature into a benefit is to add the prompt ‘which means that. Poverty Thoughts Essay! '. Health And Fitness Papers! For example, if a strong feature of a business is that it has 24-hour opening, this feature would translate into something like: We're open 24 hours (the feature) which means that you can get what you need when you need it - day or night. (the benefit).
Clearly this benefit represents a competitive advantage over other suppliers who only open 9-5. This principle, although a little old-fashioned today, still broadly applies. The important thing is to understand your services and proposition in terms that your customer will recognise as being relevant and beneficial to them. Most businesses have a very poor understanding of what their customers value most in the relationship, so ensure you discover this in the research stage, and reflect it in poverty thoughts essay, your stated product or service proposition(s). Customers invariably value these benefits higher than all others: If your proposition(s) cannot be seen as leading to any of the above then customers will not be very interested in and fitness research papers, you. A service-offer or proposition should be an essay on nature depletion encapsulation of what you do best, that you do better than your competitors (or that they don't do at all); something that fits with your business objectives, stated in terms that will make your customers think ‘Yes, that means something to me and I think it could be good for my business (and therefore good for me also as a buyer or sponsor).' This is the first 'brick in the wall' in the process of business planning, sales planning, marketing planning, and thereafter, direct marketing, and particularly sales lead generation. write your business plan - include sales, costs of sales, gross margins, and if necessary your business overheads.
Business plans come in all shapes and sizes. Pragmatism is essential. Ensure your plan shows what your business needs it to show. Essentially your plan is and fitness research, a spreadsheet of numbers with supporting narrative, explaining how the numbers are to be achieved. A plan should show all the activities and resources in terms of than wealth, revenues and health research costs, which together hopefully produce a profit at the end of the trading year. The level of detail and essay on nature depletion complexity depends on the size and health part of the business that the essay on non farming activities, plan concerns. Health Papers! Your business plan, which deals with all aspects of the resource and management of the business (or your part of the business), will include many decisions and factors fed in from the marketing process. It will state sales and profitability targets by activity. In a marketing plan there may also be references to image and reputation, and to colored helps public relations. All of these issues require thought and and fitness research papers planning if they are to result in improvement, and particularly increasing numbers of customers and revenue growth. You would normally describe and provide financial justification for the means of essay farming activities, achieving these things, together with customer satisfaction improvement.
Above all a plan needs to be based on actions - cost-effective and health research papers profitable cause and on nature depletion effect; inputs required to achieved required outputs, analysed, identified and quantified separately wherever necessary to health papers be able to manage and essay measure the relevant activities and resources. quantify the business you seek from and fitness research papers each of your market sectors, segments, products and customer groupings, and on non farming allocate investment, resources and activities accordingly. These principles apply to health and fitness a small local business, a department within a business, or a vast whole business. Before attending to the detail of how to on non farming achieve your marketing aims you need to quantify clearly what they are. What growth targets does the health papers, business have? What customer losses are you projecting?
How many new customers do you need, by size and of english essay type, by product and service? What sales volumes, revenues and contributions values do you need for each business or revenue stream from each sector? What is your product mix, in terms of customer type, size, sector, volumes, values, contribution, and research distribution channel or route to market? What are your projected selling costs and net contributions per service, product, sector? What trends and percentage increase in revenues and contributions, and depletion volumes compared to last year are you projecting? How is your market share per business stream and sector changing, and how does this compare with your overall business aims? What are your fast-growth high-margin opportunities, and what are your mature and low-margin services; how are you treating these different opportunities, and papers anything else in between? You should use a basic spreadsheet tool to split your business according to the main activities and profit levers.
See the simple sales/business planning tool example below. ansoff product-market growth matrix - strategic tool. A useful planning tool in colored paper helps dyslexia, respect of markets and products is the matrix developed by Igor Ansoff (H Igor Ansoff, 1918-2002), who is regarded by research papers, some as the 'Father of Strategic Management'. Fully titled the Ansoff Product-Market Growth Matrix, the tool was first published in Harvard Business Review, 1957, in Ansoff's paper Strategies for Diversification. The Ansoff product-market matrix helps to understand and essay activities assess marketing or business development strategy. Any business, or part of a business can choose which strategy to employ, or which mix of strategic options to use. This is a fundamentally simple and effective way of looking at strategic development options. Each of these strategic options holds different opportunities and downsides for different organizations, so what is right for and fitness research papers, one business won't necessarily be right for poverty, another.
Think about what option offers the best potential for health research, your own business and essays market. Think about the strengths of your business and what type of growth strategy your strengths will enable most naturally. Generally beware of diversification - this is, by health and fitness research, its nature, unknown territory, and carries the resume for ccna, highest risk of failure. Here are the and fitness research, Ansoff strategies in resume for ccna, summary: market penetration - Developing your sales of existing products to your existing market(s). And Fitness! This is fine if there is on nature, plenty of market share to be had at and fitness the expense of your competitors, or if the health is better, market is growing fast and large enough for health and fitness research papers, the growth you need. Pioneer Essay! If you already have large market share you need to consider whether investing for further growth in this area would produce diminishing returns from your development activity. It could be that you will increase the profit from this activity more by reducing costs than by actively seeking more market share.
Strong market share suggests there are likely to be better returns from extending the range of products/services that you can offer to and fitness the market, as in essay on nature, the next option. product development - Developing or finding new products to take to your existing market(s). This is an and fitness research attractive strategy if you have strong market share in a particular market. Such a strategy can be a suitable reason for acquiring another company or product/service capability provided it is relevant to health is better than wealth your market and your distribution route. Developing new products does not mean that you have to research do this yourself (which is normally very expensive and frequently results in simply re-inventing someone else's wheel) - often there are potential manufacturing partners out there who are looking for pioneer essay, their own distribution partner with the health research papers, sort of market presence that you already have. However if you already have good market share across a wide range of products for on nature, your market, this option may be one that produces diminishing returns on research your growth investment and essay activities, and instead you may do better to seek to develop new markets, as in the next strategic option. market development - Developing new markets for papers, your existing products. New markets can also mean new sub-sectors within your market - it helps to stay reasonably close to the markets you know and which know you. Moving into resume for ccna completely different markets, even if the product/service fit looks good, holds risks because this will be unknown territory for you, and almost certainly will involve working through new distribution channels, routes or partners. If you have good market share and good product/service range then moving into associated markets or segments is likely to be an and fitness attractive strategy. diversification - taking new products into new markets.
This is high risk - not only do you not know the products, but neither do you know the new market(s), and again this strategic option is colored paper dyslexia, likely to entail working through new distribution channels and routes to market. Health And Fitness! This sort of activity should generally be regarded as additional and supplementary to the core business activity, and poverty essay should be rolled out carefully through rigorous testing and health research piloting. Consider also your existing products and services themselves in helps, terms of their market development opportunity and profit potential. Some will offer very high margins because they are relatively new, or specialised in and fitness research papers, some way, perhaps because of special USP's or distribution arrangements. Other products and services may be more mature, with little or no competitive advantage, in which case they will produce lower margins. The Boston Matrix is a useful way to health is better than wealth understand and health and fitness papers assess your different existing product and service opportunities: boston matrix model - product/service development. The Boston Matrix model (also called the BSG Matrix, Growth-Share Matrix, and essays variations around these titles) is a tool for assessing existing and development products in health papers, terms of their market potential, and thereby implying strategic action for products and services in is better than wealth essays, each of the four categories reflected in the model. The Boston Matrix model was devised by Bruce Henderson (1915-92), founder of the health research, Boston Consulting Group in the 1960s. It has been adapted in many ways. Poverty Essay! A simple version is shown here below.
Like other four-part 2x2 matrix models, the Boston Matrix is a very quick and and fitness papers easy method for analysis, thinking and decision-making, while being unavoidably limited in its handling of paper, subtlety and detail. Often in business and strategic thinking too much detail is unhelpful - instead, clarity and health papers ease of understanding are extremely helpful, especially in writers of english essay, communicating ideas to teams and groups, in health research papers, which circumstances the Boston Matrix is an excellent aid. cash cow - The rather crude metaphor is based on the idea of 'milking' the returns from on non farming activities previous investments which established good distribution and market share for the product. Products in this quadrant need maintenance and protection activity, together with good cost management, not growth effort, because there is little or no additional growth available. dog - This is health research papers, any product or service of yours which has low market presence in a mature or stagnant market. There is no point in developing products or services in essay depletion, this quadrant. Many organizations discontinue products/services that they consider fall into this category, in health and fitness, which case consider potential impact on overhead cost recovery. Businesses that have been starved or denied development find themselves with a high or entire proportion of their products or services in this quadrant, which is obviously not very funny at all, except to the competitors. problem child (also called question marks or wildcats ) - These are products which have a big and growing market potential, but existing low market share, normally because they are new products, or the on nature depletion, application has not been spotted and acted upon yet. New business development and and fitness research project management principles are required here to ensure that these products' potential can be realised and disasters avoided.
This is likely to be an area of on nature, business that is quite competitive, where the health and fitness papers, pioneers take the risks in the hope of securing good early distribution arrangements, image, reputation and market share. On Nature Depletion! Gross profit margins are likely to be high, but overheads, in the form of costs of research, development, advertising, market education, and low economies of scale, are normally high, and can cause initial business development in this area to be loss-making until the product moves into the rising star category, which is by no means assured - many problem children products remain as such. rising star - Or 'star' products, are those which have good market share in a strong and growing market. As a product moves into this category it is commonly known as a 'rising star'. When a market is strong and still growing, competition is not yet fully established. Demand is health and fitness research, strong; saturation or over-supply do not exists, and poverty so pricing is relatively unhindered. This all means that these products produce very good returns and profitability. Health And Fitness Papers! The market is receptive and educated, which optimizes selling efficiencies and margins. Production and manufacturing overheads are established and costs minimised due to dyslexia high volumes and good economies of scale.
These are great products and worthy of continuing investment provided good growth potential continues to exist. And Fitness Research! When it does not these products are likely to move down to cash cow status, and the company needs to poverty have the next rising stars developing from its problem children. After considering your business in terms of the Ansoff matrix and Boston matrix (which are thinking aids as much as anything else, not a magic solution in themselves), on health research papers a more detailed level, and for many businesses just as significant as the Ansoff-type-options, what is the significance of your major accounts - do they offer better opportunity for growth and development than your ordinary business? Do you have a high quality, specialised offering that delivers better business benefit on a large scale as opposed to essay farming activities small scale? Are your selling costs and investment similar for large and health and fitness research small contracts? If so you might do better concentrating on developing large major accounts business, rather than taking a sophisticated product or service solution to smaller companies which do not appreciate or require it, and cost you just as much to sell to as a large organization. This customer matrix model is pioneer of english, used by many companies to understand and determine strategies according to research customer types. Assessing product type is helped by reference to the Boston matrix model. There is a lot of flexibility as to what constitutes 'good' and 'not so good customers' - use your own criteria.
A good way to do this is to devise your own grading system using criteria that mean something to your own situation. Typical criteria are: size, location, relationship, credit-rating and payment terms, is the customer growing (or not), the security of the supply contract, the service and support overhead required, etc. This kind of customer profiling tool and exercise is often overlooked, but it is a critical aspect of resume for ccna, marketing and health and fitness research papers sales development, and of optimizing sales effectiveness and business development performance and profitability. Writers! Each quadrant requires a different sales approach. The type of customer also implies the type of and fitness papers, sales person who should be responsible for essay on non, managing the relationship. A firm view needs to be taken before committing expensive field-based sales resources to 'not so good' customers. Focus prospect development (identifying and contacting new prospective customers) on health and fitness papers the profile which appears in the top left quadrant. Identify prospective new customers who fit this profile, and allocate your business development resources (people and advertising) to this audience. Consider also What are your competitor weaknesses in terms of sectors, geographical territory and products or services, and how might these factors affect your options? Use the essay on non farming, SWOT analysis also for assessing each competitor as well as your own organization or department. Many organizations issue a marketing budget from the top down (a budget issued by the Centre/HQ/Finance Director), so to speak, in which case, what is your marketing budget and how can you use it to produce the best return on investment, and to help the company best to meet its overall business aims?
Use the research, models described here to assess your best likely returns on marketing investment. The best way to begin to model and health wealth essays plan your marketing is to have a record of your historical (say last year's) sales results (including selling and advertising costs if appropriate and available) on a spreadsheet. The level of detail is up to you; modern spreadsheets can organize massive amounts of data and make very complex analysis quick easy. Data is vital and will enable you to do most of the analysis you need for marketing planning. In simple terms you can use last year's results as a basis for planning and modelling the health papers, next year's sales, and the marketing expenditure and activities required to achieve them. simple business plan or sales plan tools examples.
These templates examples help the planning process. Split and analyse your business or sales according to helps your main products/services (or revenue streams) according to the profit drivers or 'levers' (variables that you can change which affect profit), e.g., quantity or volume, average sales value or price, % gross margin or profit. Add different columns which reflect your own business profit drivers or levers, and to provide the health and fitness papers, most relevant measures. Do the same for each important aspect of resume for ccna, your business, for example, split by market sector (or segment): And, for example, split by distributor (or route to market): These simple split analysis tools are an extremely effective way to plan your sales and business.
Construct a working spreadsheet so that the bottom-right cell shows the total sales or gross margin, or profit, whatever you need to measure, and by changing the figures within the split (altering the health research, mix, average prices, quantities, etc) you can carry out 'what if?' analysis to of english develop the best plans. If you are a competent working with spreadsheets it is normally possible to assemble all of this data onto a single spreadsheet and then show different analyses by sorting and graphing according to health and fitness research papers different fields. When you are happy with the overall totals for essay on nature, the year, convert this into a phased monthly plan, with as many lines and columns as you need and are appropriate for the business. Develop this spreadsheet by showing inputs as well as sales outputs - the quantifiable activity (for example, the numbers of enquiries necessary to produce the planned sales levels) required to produce the planned performance. Large businesses need extensive and multiple page spreadsheets. Health And Fitness! A business plan needs costs as well as sales, and will show profit as well as revenue and gross margin, but the principle is the same: plan the pioneer writers, detailed numbers and values of what the health research papers, business performance will be, and what inputs are required to on nature depletion achieve it. Here's a free MSExcel profit and health loss account template tool for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to essay suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same.
Consider also indirect activities that affect sales and business levels, such as customer service. Identify key performance indicators here too, such as customer complaints response and resolution levels and timescales. Internal lead referral schemes, strategic partnership activity; the performance of other direct sales activities such as sales agencies, distributorships, export activities, licensing, etc. These performance factors won't normally appear on a business plan spreadsheet, but a separate plan should be made for them, otherwise they won't happen. write your marketing plan or business plan. Your marketing plan is actually a statement, supported by health research papers, relevant financial data, of how you are going to pioneer develop your business. Plans should be based on actions, not masses of historical data. The historical and market information should be sufficient just to explain and justify the and fitness research papers, opportunities, direction, strategy, and most importantly, the poverty essay, marketing actions, methods and measures - not to tell the story of the past 20 years of your particular industry. What you are going to and fitness papers sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales produce, what the marketing cost will be, and what will be the return on investment. As stated above it is easiest and best to assemble all of this data onto a spreadsheet, which then allows data to be manipulated through the planning process, and pioneer of english essay then changed and re-projected when the trading year is under way. The spreadsheet then becomes the basis of your sales and marketing forecasting and results reporting tool.
As well as sales and marketing data, in most types of businesses it is also useful to include measurable aims concerning customer service and satisfaction. The marketing plan will have costs that relate to a marketing budget in the overall business plan. Health And Fitness Research Papers! The marketing plan will also have revenue and gross margin/profitability targets that relate to the turnover and profitability in the overall business plan. This data is essentially numerical, and so needs also some supporting narrative as to how the essay on non farming activities, numbers will be achieved - the actions - but keep the narrative concise; if it extends to more than a half-dozen sheets make sure you put a succinct executive summary on the front. The marketing plan narrative could if appropriate also refer to indirect activities such as product development, customer service, quality assurance, training etc., if significantly relevant to health papers achieving the marketing plan aims. Be pragmatic - marketing plans vary enormously depending on the type, size and is better essays maturity of business. Above all create a plan that logically shows how the business can best consolidate and grow its successful profitable areas. The marketing plan should be a working and truly useful tool - if it is, then it's probably a good one. sample business plan, marketing plan or sales plan sample structure and example format/template.
Keep the written part of the and fitness research papers, business plan as concise and brief as possible - most situations and high-ranking executives do not need to see plans that are an inch thick. If you can make your case on a half dozen pages then do so. Resume For Ccna! Particularly if your plan is more than 5-6 pages long, produce an executive summary (easiest to do when you have completed the plan) and insert it at the beginning of the document. If you need to include lots of reference material, examples, charts, evidence, etc, show these as appendices at the back of the and fitness research papers, document and make sure they are numbered and referenced during the main body of the plan. Each new section should start at wealth essays the top of a new page. Research Papers! Number the pages. Important plans should be suitably bound. All business plans should be professionally and neatly presented, with no grammar and spelling errors, clearly laid out in an easy to read format (avoid lots of upper-case or fancy fonts or italics as these are all difficult to read). Your business plan contents and pioneer writers of english essay structure should be as follows: business plans structure - a business planning template. Title page: Title or heading of the plan and brief description if required, author, date, company/organization if applicable, details of circulation and confidentiality. Contents page: A list of contents (basically the sections listed here, starting with the Introduction page) showing page numbers, plus a list of health research, appendices or addendums (added reference material at helps the back of the document) allowing the health, reader to find what they need and navigate the document easily, and to refer others to particular items and page numbers when reviewing or querying.
Introduction page : Introduction and purpose of the plan, terms of reference if applicable (usually for formal and large plans or projects). Executive summary page: Optional and usually beneficial, this should normally be no more than a page long (or it's not an executive summary) - the key points of the whole plan including conclusions, recommendations, actions, financial returns on investment, etc., clearly readable in a few minutes. Depletion! Main body of plan: sections and headings as required, see template below. Acknowledgments and bibliography/reference sources: if relevant (only required normally for very large formal plans) Appendices: appendices or addendums - additional detailed reference material, examples, statistics, spreadsheets, etc., for reference and research not central to essay activities the main presentation of your plan. business plans - main body sections examples template. This sample template is typical for a sales/marketing/new business development business plan. (A business plan for health and fitness research, a more complex project such as an international joint-venture, or the formation of a new company including manufacturing plant or other overhead activities would need to include relevant information and essay financials about the overheads and resources concerned, and health and fitness research papers the financials would need to wealth show costs and profits more like a fully developed profit and loss account, with cashflow projections, balance sheet, etc.) Where appropriate refer to your position regarding corporate ethics and social responsibility and the Psychological Contract. While these aspects are not mechanisms within the plan, they are crucial reference points. Define your market - sector(s) and health research segment(s) definitions Quantify your market (overview only) - size, segmentation, relevant statistics, values, numbers (locations, people/users, etc) - make this relevant to you business Explain your market(s) - sector trends, eg., growth, legislation, seasonality, PEST factors where relevant, refer to essay on non activities Ansoff matrix, show the strategic business drivers within sector and and fitness segments, purchasing mechanisms, processes, restrictions - what are the factors that determine customers' priorities and needs - this is a logical place to refer to ethics and CSR (corporate social responsibility Explain your existing business - your current business according to sector, products/services, quantities, values, distributor, etc.
Analyse your existing customer spread by essay farming activities, customer type, values and products/services including major accounts (the 'Pareto Principle' or the '80:20 rule' often applies here, eg., 80% of your business comes from 20% of your customers) Explain your products and services - refer to Boston matrix and especially your strategic propositions (what these propositions will do for and fitness papers, your customers) including your USP's and UPB's (see sales training section and acronyms) Explain you routes to market, gatekeepers, influencers and strategic partners - the other organizations/individuals you will work with to develop your market, including 'what's in it for them', commissions, endorsements, accreditations, approvals, licenses, etc. Case studies and track record - the credibility, evidence and proof that your propositions and strategic partnerships work Competitor analysis, eg., SWOT analysis of your own business compared to SWOT analysis of of english, each competitor Sales/marketing/business plan (1 year min) showing sales and margins by product/service stream, mix, values, segment, 'distributor', etc, whatever is relevant, phased monthly, in as much detail as you need. This should be on and fitness papers a spreadsheet , with as many different sheets as necessary to quantify relevant inputs and outputs. On Non Activities! List your strategic actions (marketing campaigns, sales activities, advertising, etc) that will deliver the above, with costs and health and fitness papers returns. This should be supported with a spreadsheet, showing cost and return on investment for each activity.
Tip: If the business plan concerns an existing activity, use the previous year's sales/business analysis as the basis for the next year's sales/business plan. On Non Farming! Adapt as necessary according to your new strategic plans. other business planning and marketing issues. staffing and training implications. Your people are unlikely to have all the skills they need to help you implement a marketing plan. You may not have all the research, people that you need so you have to consider justifying and obtaining extra. Customer service is acutely sensitive to resume for ccna staffing and training. Are all of your people aware of the aims of the business, its mission statement and your sales propositions? Do they know what their responsibilities are?
How will you measure their performance? Many of these issues feed back into and fitness the business plan under human resources and training, where budgets need to be available to support the investment in these areas. You should formulate a customer service charter, extending both your mission statement and your service offer, so as to inform staff and customers what your standards are. These standards can cover quite detailed aspects of resume for ccna, your service, such as how many times the telephone will be permitted to ring until the caller is gets an answer. Other issues might include:
How many days between receipt and response for written correspondence. Complaints procedure and timescales for and fitness papers, each stage. This charter sets customer expectations, so be sure you can meet them. Customers get disappointed particularly when their expectations are not met, and when so many standards can be set at arbitrary levels, think of each one as a promise that you should keep. Business-to-business customers would expect to agree these standards with their suppliers and have them recorded as part of their contracts, or as SLA's (service level agreements). Increasingly, large customers demand SLA's to be tailored to their own specific needs, and the process of developing these understandings and agreements is absolutely crucial to the maintenance and development of large contracts. Remember an important rule about customer service: It's not so much the failure to meet standards that causes major dissatisfaction among customers - everyone can make a mistake - the writers essay, biggest cause of health, upset is the paper, failure of and fitness, suppliers to resume for ccna inform customers and keep them updated when problems arise.
Not being told in advance, not receiving any apology, not getting any explanation why, and not hearing what's going to be done to health papers put things right, are key areas of customer dissatisfaction, and therefore easy areas for suppliers to focus their efforts to writers essay achieve and communicate improvements. A special point of note for businesses that require a strong technical profile among their service staff: these people are often reactive by nature and so not good at taking initiative to identify and anticipate problem areas in customer service. It's therefore helpful to establish suitable mechanisms and responsibility to pick up problems and deal with them - a kind of trouble-shooting capability - which can be separately managed and monitored at a strategic level. Health And Fitness Research Papers! Do not assume that technically-oriented staff will be capable of proactively developing customer service solutions and revisions to SLA's - they generally need help in doing so from staff with high creativity, empathy, communications and poverty thoughts initiative capabilities. establish systems to measure customer service and and fitness research papers staff performance.
These standards and dyslexia the SLA's established for large customers need to be visible, agreed with customers, absolutely measurable. Health And Fitness! You must keep measuring your performance against pioneer essay, them, and preferably publishing the results, internally and externally. Customer complaints handling is a key element: Measuring customer complaints is crucial because individual complaints are crucial areas to resolve, and also as a whole, complaints serve as a barometer for the quality and performance of the business. You need to have a scheme which encourages, not discourages, customers to complain, to open the channels as wide as possible. Most businesses are too defensive where complaints are concerned, preferring to minimise their importance, or to seek to papers justify and excuse them. Wrong. Complaints are the colored dyslexia, opportunities to health research papers turn ordinary service into unbeatable service.
Moreover, time and again surveys suggest that anything up to nine out of ten people do not complain to the provider when they feel dissatisfied - they just keep their dissatisfaction to colored paper helps dyslexia themselves and the provider never finds out there's a problem, even when the customer chooses to health research papers go elsewhere. Essay! But every complaining customer will tell at least a couple of their friends or relations. Every dissatisfied staff member in the customer organization will tell several of research papers, their colleagues. Unreported complaints spawn bad feelings and the breakdown of relationships. It is imperative that you capture all complaints in order to: Put at ease and give explanation or reassurance to essay on non activities the person complaining. Reduce the chances of them complaining to someone else. Monitor exactly how many dissatisfied customers you have and what the causes are, and that's even more important if you're failing to deliver your mission statement or service offer! Take appropriate corrective action to prevent a re-occurrence.
If appropriate (ie for large customers) review SLA's and take the health, opportunity to agree new SLA's with the customer. implications for IT, premises, and reporting systems. Also relating to your business plan are the issues of: Information Technology - are your computers and communications systems capable of pioneer writers of english, giving you the information and analysis you need? How do you use email - is it helping or hindering your business and the quality of service you give to your customers? What internet presence and processes do you need? How should your voice and data systems work together?
What systems need to be available to mobile staff? What customer relationship management (CRM) systems should you have? How should you consider all these issues to see the needs and opportunities? IT and communications systems increasingly offer marketing and competitive advantage to businesses in all sectors - make sure you know hat IT can do for you and for your customers. Premises - Review your premises and sites in light of your customer service, distribution, and customer relationship requirements. Pay particular attention anywhere in your organization that your customers visit - the impression and service you give here is critical.
Reporting systems - If you can't measure it you can't manage it, and where finance and health papers business performance is concerned this is than wealth, certainly true. First you must identify and agree internally your key performance indicators (KPI's). Identify every aspect of your service or performance that is important - then you need to health and fitness research be able to measure it and report on it, and where people are involved in performing to certain standards then the standards and the reporting needs to be transparent to them also. How do you report on sales, marketing and business performance and interpret the results? Who needs to know?
Who needs to capture the data? communications and ongoing customer feedback are essential. Having an open dialogue with your customers is essay, vital. There's a double benefit to your business in ensuring this happens: You nip problems in the bud and stay aware of how you're performing.
Your customers feel better about the service you provide as a result of the communications, or from the fact that the channel is open even if they don't use it - it's human nature. Try to devise a standard feedback form. Research Papers! It can double as a promotional tool as well if it's made available on a wider scale. The form can carry details of your mission statement, service offer and your customer service charter. Consider carrying out of english essay, a customer satisfaction and perceptions survey. There are many ways to papers do this on a small or large scale, and valuable feedback is resume for ccna, always obtained from customer survey exercises. tips for starting a small business or self-employment - for non-financial people. Some of us are not naturally inclined towards the sort of detailed financial thinking that is required for and fitness, traditional detailed business planning. If this is you, you'll possess other valuable capabilities that will be useful in your own enterprise, and you'll maybe find it helpful to use this alternative approach to planning a new enterprise or self-employment. It can be stressful and counter-productive to try to use methods that are not natural or comfortable.
If you are helping or advising others about starting their own enterprise or self-employment, the same principles apply. Not everyone is naturally good at business planning, but everyone who dreams of being self-employed or who wants to start and run their own independent enterprise is capable of doing so, provided they work to their strengths, capabilities and passions. People running successful enterprises come in all shapes and sizes, from all backgrounds, all ages, with skills, passions, and helps dyslexia capabilities in health research papers, any field you can imagine. Anyone can run their own business or be successful in self-employment given the simple determination to colored paper dyslexia do so. Business and enterprise is not just for and fitness, stereotypical 'business-types'; the benefits and advantages of being your own boss are available to us all. Here are some pointers for people considering starting their own new enterprise, or for helping others to do the same. First, and especially if you are not clear of writers of english essay, your own real strengths, or what direction to pursue, focus on and fitness research papers using tools to understanding your own personality style and strengths. Then use this knowledge to imagine and pioneer of english essay realise how your natural capabilities can be used to best effect in defining and providing your own services or running your own enterprise. The VAK and Multiple Intelligences tools on this site are helpful for this purpose. They assess people's strengths completely differently to traditional IQ or academic evaluations, which are extremely narrow and generally not relevant at all for people who want to be their own boss. Understanding personality is also useful since personality-type greatly influences the way that a person approaches self-employment or running an enterprise, and what sort of service or business to offer.
The Personality Styles page provides a lot of explanation about this. Many people are conditioned by schools and over-cautious parents to under-estimate their own potential and capabilities, which is a big reason to take a fresh look at what you are good at, and to re-think and health research understand better the ways that your personality type tends to resume for ccna be successful in life and health business. There are many ways to be successful and independent in life aside from of english essay building and running a conventional business and and fitness research adhering to health conventional financial planning methods. The basic economics of becoming successfully independent in any sort of venture are actually extremely simple, and focusing on the following simple fundamentals (a process really) can help many folk turn your dream or an idea into a successful enterprise or self-employment reality. It's usually easiest to think first of these factors in terms of daily, weekly or monthly numbers and values, and then to health papers extend the figures to give totals for a whole year: 1. What's your product or service? (What's good/special/different about your products or service that enough people will buy it? And importantly is this something that you have a real passion for?
All successful enterprises are built on doing something the owner enjoys.) 2. What does it cost to make/buy in/provide the writers essay, product or service? (If you are buying and selling products or using materials consider the and fitness research papers, cost prices. If the main resource is your own time then attach a cost to your labour that reflects your available time for depletion, the work and the wage you need to draw. Divide your required annual wage by the number of work hours available to you, and this is your notional hourly labour cost.) 3. What price will the product/service sell for? (Ideally small businesses need a healthy profit margin or mark-up - doubling the health and fitness research papers, cost is good if the market will accept it. A mark-up of less than 50% is cause for concern unless you are selling products in relatively high volumes or values. Price your products/services according to what the market will pay, not according to your costs. Take into account your competitors and poverty thoughts what they charge and their relative quality. And Fitness Research! Service businesses that use only the person's time are often very attractive and profitable because there is no added complication of buying and holding stock - hence why window-cleaning, sign-writing, repairs, gardening, decorating, tutoring, writing, therapy, training, coaching and consultancy, etc., are such good businesses for people who prefer a simple approach to is better than wealth essays self-employment and enterprise. Consider the effect of VAT especially for 'consumer' businesses - ie., selling to the general public - assuming your business is or must be VAT registered. Private consumers of course are more sensitive to VAT than business customers who can generally reclaim VAT should you have to add it to your prices.)
4. Who will buy the product/service? (Identify your customers and market. Do you know this for sure? Test your assumptions: this is a critical part of the proposition and generally benefits from more thought and research to confirm that a big enough market exists for research papers, your idea. Writers Of English! Consider your competition - what are people buying currently and why will they buy from you instead?) 5. How much/many do you need to sell in a year? And how many customers do you need? (This is a vital part of the proposition to confirm that the gross profit (the difference between costs of bought in products/labour and research papers sales revenues) covers your/their financial needs (including a living wage and other fixed costs of running the enterprise.
Again remember the affect of VAT on your selling prices if applicable.) 6. How will people know about the service/product? (You need to understand what advertising/marketing/enquiry-generation is writers of english essay, necessary - activity and health papers cost. Essay! There is usually a cost for generating new customers, especially in the early stages of a new enterprise. Once the business is research, established, say after six months to a year, 'word-of-mouth' referrals are for some businesses all that is required to produce new customers - especially those based in a local community, but virtually any new enterprise requires marketing at health is better wealth essays its launch. And Fitness Papers! See the articles on colored paper helps marketing and selling.)
7. Does all this add up, and papers better still provide a cash surplus at the end of a year? - if so then it's probably a good business model. These basic questions represent the typical 'table napkin' business proposition that is the start of most businesses, including very large complex ones. People who dislike and are not fluent in detailed business calculations might find the above process a useful starting point when thinking about of english essay how to health research begin a new enterprise or a venture in self-employment. If this is you, you are not alone: many visionary entrepreneurs can run a huge profitable business but have great difficulty putting together a proper business plan. Hence many highly successful business leaders rely heavily on their financial directors to take care of the financial details, leaving them free to get on with the business activity that makes best use of poverty essay, their natural skill, be it creativity, selling, service-provision, people-skills, technical skills, or whatever. Incidentally the above factors are the essential components which make up a basic Profit and and fitness Loss Account, which is the primary management tool for a business of any scale and complexity. Here's a free MSExcel profit and essay loss account template tool for papers, extending these factors and financials into resume for ccna a more formal phased plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. If in doubt about this seek some help from an experienced business person or your accountant. Adapt it to suit your purposes.
The example PL trading plan is also available as a pdf. The numbers could be anything - ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the research papers, same. company types and financial set up - quick guide. When you have confirmed and refined the basic viability of your business idea you can then begin getting to grips with the more detailed aspects of forming the business itself. This necessarily includes deciding your type of business constitution - the legal format of your company - or 'company type' as it is often described. The Psychological Contract is increasingly significant within and colored paper helps dyslexia relating to business constitution. Small (UK) businesses are most commonly one of the following: sole-trader - essentially a self-employed owner - no limited personal liability - relatively easy set up and administration. partnership - essentially a group of self-employed partners/owners - no limited personal liability - easy-ish set up and and fitness research papers administration, although ultimately dependent on the complexity of the company and partnership. limited liability partnership (LLP) - as above, except that liability is limited to personal investments and guarantees. Health Than Essays! limited company (abbreviated to Ltd after the company name) - liability is and fitness research, limited to the assets of the company - registered with Companies House and legally obliged to publish accounts. There are less common variations of resume for ccna, limited companies, and other business structures and constitutions, for health, example: social enterprise - various structures including , trusts, associations and dyslexia especially cooperatives - these are not common typical or traditional business structures, but social enterprises are growing in popularity, and will be explained in more detail on this website in health, due course. Meanwhile here is useful information about poverty thoughts essay cooperatives. public limited company (plc) - not appropriate for small companies. Sole-trader and and fitness partnership companies are very easy to set up and administer, but the owner/partners are personally liable for all business debts and potential claims, so good insurance cover (including professional indemnity and public liability) is essential especially if business liabilities are potentially serious. A limited liability partnership offers protection to partners in terms of personal liabilities, in that liabilities are limited to the extent of personal investment and colored paper helps dyslexia any other guarantees.
This is considered to be too much personal exposure by many business people, in health and fitness papers, which case a limited company is the obvious alternative. A limited company exists in pioneer writers, its own right - a tricky concept to understand for many people - basically meaning that financial liabilities belong to and fitness papers the company (its shareholders, to pioneer writers of english the value of their shares in other words) rather than the directors and executives of the business, as would apply in a partnership. Limited companies ultimately offer more flexibility for large complex businesses but can be over-complicated and administratively heavy if all you want to do is run a local shop or landscape gardening business or modest training or coaching business. Whatever, consider carefully what type of company framework will suit you best. Once established it can be quite difficult to unravel and change if you get it wrong - not impossible, but a nuisance if you could have got it right first time with a bit of extra thought at the planning stage. A good accountant will help you decide what is best for your situation from a legal and financial standpoint, although before this you should think for yourself what sort of business structure best fits your wider business situation, and especially your business aims and philosophy. Broad guidelines about business types are available from the UK Government business information Businesslink website. You'll need a business bank account. In fact it is a legal requirement of all limited companies to have a business bank account. Health Papers! Shop around. Thoughts Essay! There are wide variations in services and costs offered by the different banks.
You must also understand and health and fitness organize the tax implications for your type of business. Before starting any business ensure also that you have the health is better wealth, information and controls to account for and pay all taxes due. Helpfully to health papers learn more about this in the UK, most tax affairs are within the responsibilities of health than wealth, HM Revenue and Customs - until they too change their name to something very silly. That said, the relevance today of HM (Her Majesty's) is health and fitness research, a bit puzzling when you stop to think about it and surely due for updating to the modern age. HMRC is another weird example of quirky UK Government departmental names and essay branding. Research Papers! God help us all, our country is run by alien wannabe noblemen from the middle ages. VAT (Value Added Tax or your national equivalent) is an issue warranting serious thought if your business is small enough to have a choice in the matter. Beyond a certain turnover (?68,000 as at 2010) any UK business must register for VAT.
Check the paper helps dyslexia, HMRC website for the current position. Being VAT registered means you must charge VAT on all VAT-rated supplies, which means also that the VAT you receive on and fitness research payments from your customers must be paid to HM Revenue and Customs. (No you cannot keep it, even though some accidentally try to, and others think they are entitled to.) Being VAT registered also enables you to reclaim VAT that you pay on poverty thoughts essay business costs, although there are some notable exceptions, like company cars. Retail and consumer businesses are especially affected by VAT. Private consumers cannot claim back VAT, so the effect of VAT on pricing and margins needs careful thought in research, planning any consumer business. Up to a certain level of turnover (in the UK) becoming registered for poverty thoughts, VAT is optional. Health And Fitness Research! If your business turnover is resume for ccna, likely to be below the threshold for mandatory VAT registration, you must decide for yourself if the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. Research Papers! The main advantages of VAT registration are: your business will be perceived by certain people - especially other businesses - to be larger and more credible (not being registered for VAT indicates immediately that your turnover is health is better than, below the VAT threshold) you will be able to reclaim VAT that you are charged on legitimate allowable business costs. The main disadvantages of being VAT registered are: the administrative burden in health and fitness research papers, keeping VAT records and submitting VAT returns (although this has been enormously simplified in recent years so that for small simple businesses it is really not a problem at all) risks of getting onto cashflow difficulties if you fail to paper set funds aside to pay your VAT bills (see the tax tips below) Information about VAT (and all other tax issues) is at and fitness research papers the UK Government HM Revenue and Customs website: http://www.hmrc.gov.uk.
VAT is not the only tax. Taxes are also due on resume for ccna company profits (sole-traders or partnerships profits are taxed via personal earnings of the sole-trader or partners) and on staff salaries (national insurance). A sole-trader or partnership can employ staff, in which case national insurance tax is due on salaries paid to employees, which is different to the tax that employees pay themselves. Failing to retain funds in a company to pay taxes is a serious problem that's easily avoided with good early planning. Health And Fitness! Contact your tax office. Inform them of your plans and seek their help. Essay On Nature! Tax offices are generally extremely helpful, so ask. You can even talk to a real person on the phone without having to breach a six-level automated menu system.
Ideally find a decent accountant too. Preferably one who comes recommended to you. With all the greatest respect to health and fitness research accountants everywhere, accountants are quite commonly very intense people, like solicitors and scientists, very much focused on process, accuracy, rules, etc., which in terms of essay, personality fit can be a little at odds with the style of many entrepreneurs. Health Research Papers! So again shop around and find an accountant with whom you can share a joke and a beer or something from the essays, human world. The relationship between a business person and his/her accountant is crucial if the health and fitness research papers, business is to grow and develop significantly.
Accountants might seem at times to resume for ccna be from another planet, but I can assure you the good ones are bloody magicians when it comes to business development, especially when the figures get really interesting. The statement that one stroke of an research accountant's pen is on nature, mightier than the world's most successful sales team, is health and fitness research, actually true. For many entrepreneurs, the ideal scenario is to grow your business large enough to support the cost of a really excellent finance director, who can take care of all the detailed legal and financial matters for you, and leave you completely free to concentrate on growing the business - concentrating your efforts and ideas and pioneer strategy externally towards markets and health research customers, and internally towards optimizing innovation and your staff. See the quick tax tips below, especially for small businesses which might not easily be able to resume for ccna achieve immediate and accurate control of their tax liabilities, which is one of the major early risks for a new successful small business. tax tips - understanding and accounting for taxes from the start. A significant potential problem area for health and fitness papers, newly self-employed people, and for new business start-ups, is essay on non, failing to budget and save for inevitable taxes which arise from and fitness papers your business activities.
N.B. These tips are not meant to be a detailed comprehensive guide to business taxation. This section merely addresses a particular vulnerability of new start-up businesses in helps dyslexia, failing to and fitness research set aside sufficient reserves to meet tax liabilities, especially small businesses, and even more especially sole-traders and essay farming partnerships and health and fitness small limited companies, which lack expertise in health is better wealth essays, accounting and consequently might benefit from papers these simple warnings and tips related to tax liabilities. In general these issues would normally be managed via a cashflow forecast, together with suitable financial processes to allocate and make payments for all costs and liabilities arising in the course of trading. I recognise however that many small business start-ups do not begin with such attention to financial processes, and it's primarily for pioneer, those situations that these particular notes are provided. These notes in no way suggest that this is the normal fully controlled approach to health and fitness research papers planning and health than organizing tax liabilities and other cashflow issues within any business of papers, significant scale. This is simply a pragmatic and practical method aimed at averting a common big problem affecting small business start-ups.
While your type of company and business determines precisely which taxes apply to essay you, broadly taxes are due on sales (for VAT registered businesses in the UK, or your VAT equivalent if outside the health and fitness research papers, UK), and on the profits of your business and your earnings. If you employ staff you will also have to pay national insurance tax on farming activities employees' earnings too. Generally sole-traders and partnerships have simpler tax arrangements - for health research, example, profits are typically taxed as personal earnings - as compared with the more complex taxes applicable to limited companies, which also pay taxes on company profits and staff salaries. Whatever, you must understand the tax liabilities applicable to your situation, and budget for them accordingly. Resume For Ccna! You must try to health and fitness research seek appropriate financial advice for than wealth, your situation before you commence trading. Indeed understanding tax basics also helps you decide what type of company will best suit your situation, again, before you begin trading. The potential for nasty financial surprises - notably tax bills that you have insufficient funds to pay - ironically tends to health research papers increase along with your success. This is because bigger sales and profits and earnings inevitably produce bigger tax bills (percentage of tax increases too in resume for ccna, the early growth of and fitness research papers, a business), all of which becomes a very big problem if you've no funds to pay taxes when due.
The risks of getting into difficulties can be greater for the self-employed and small partnerships which perhaps do not have great financial knowledge and experience, than for larger Limited Company start-ups which tend to have more systems and support in financial areas. Start-ups are especially prone to tax surprises because the first set of tax bills can commonly be delayed, and essay on non activities if you fail to account properly for all taxes due then obviously you increase the chances of spending more than you should do, resulting in and fitness papers, not having adequate funds to cover the paper dyslexia, payments when they are due. Risks are increased further if you are new to research papers self-employment, previously having been employed and accustomed to receiving a regular salary on which all taxes have already been deducted, in other words 'net' of tax. It can take a while to appreciate that business revenues or profits have no tax deducted when these earnings are put into your bank account; these amounts are called 'gross', because they include the tax element. Therefore not all of your business earnings belong to you - some of the money belongs to the taxman. It's your responsibility to deduct the taxes due, to set this money aside, and to pay the tax bills when demanded. Additionally, if you are a person who is in essay on non, the habit of spending everything that you earn, you must be even more careful, since this tendency will increase the risks of health research, your being unable to pay your taxes.
Failing to on non get on top of the reality of health research, taxes from the very beginning can lead to serious debt and cashflow problems, which is a miserable way to essay on nature run a business. So you must anticipate and set aside funds necessary to meet your tax liabilities from the very start of your business, even if you do not initially have a very accurate idea of what taxes will be due, or you lack effective systems to papers calculate them - many small start-ups are in this position. Nevertheless it is too late to start thinking about resume for ccna tax when the first demands fall due. If when starting your business you do not have information and and fitness papers systems to identify and account accurately for your tax liabilities, here are two simple quick tax tips to farming avoid problems with the taxman: You must estimate your tax liabilities and ensure that you set aside funds to cover these liabilities while you are banking your payments received into the business. The easiest way to do this is to identify the taxes applicable to your business, for example VAT and your own personal income tax and national insurance.
Identify the percentages that apply to your own situation and health and fitness papers earnings levels. You can do this approximately. It does not need to be very precise. Add these percentages together, and pioneer of english then set aside this percentage of all your earnings that you receive into your business. Put these monies into research papers a separate savings account where you can't confuse them with your main business account, i.e., your 'working capital' typically held in a current account. Always over-estimate your tax liabilities so as to set aside more than you need. Having a surplus is not a problem. Having not enough money to pay taxes because you've under-estimated tax due is on non activities, a problem; sometimes enough to kill an otherwise promising business. Here's an example to show how quickly and easily you can plan and set aside a contingency to pay your tax bills, even if you've no experience or systems to calculate them precisely. This example is based on a self-employed consultancy-type business, like a training or coaching business, in which there are no significant costs of sales (products or services bought in) or overheads, i.e., revenues are effectively the profits too, since there are minimal costs to offset against profits: example of estimating and setting aside money to health and fitness research pay taxes.
1. In the UK VAT on most products and health than services is health and fitness papers, 17.5%. This equates (roughly) to 15% when calculating the health is better wealth essays, VAT element within a VAT-inclusive amount. This means that you can set aside 15% of your revenues and reliably be sure of covering your VAT liabilities. 2. In the UK personal income tax and research national insurance combined is roughly 30% of earnings up to about ?30,000 (a little over in fact), rising to health than wealth 49% - call it 50% - of health papers, earnings above ?30k - roughly. N.B. Essay On Nature! Income tax and national insurance are calculated on taxable earnings, which exclude money spent on legitimate business costs, and VAT received. These figures in the above example are approximate I emphasise again, which is all you need for this purpose, moreover the approximations are on the high side of what the precise liabilities actually are. Accountants call this sort of thinking 'prudent'. Health And Fitness Research Papers! It's a pessimistic approach to forecasting liabilities rather than optimistic, which is fundamental to good financial planning and management: if the pessimism is wrong then you end up with a surplus (which is good), but if you are wrong in making optimistic forecasts and estimates (over-ambitious sales, and lower-than-actual costs and liabilities), then you run out of money (which is bad). Back to the percentages..
Knowing the income tax percentages enables you to poverty set aside a suitable percentage of your earnings when you receive them into health and fitness the business. Roughly speaking, for earnings up to colored paper helps ?30k you need to set aside 30% to cover income tax and national insurance. Health And Fitness Research Papers! For earnings over on nature depletion, ?30k you need to set aside 50% to health and fitness papers cover your income tax and national insurance. (Earnings below ?30k remain taxable at resume for ccna 30%). Remember you can arrive at these figures based on the VAT exclusive revenues, but to and fitness research keep matters simpler it is easier to use an adjusted total percentage figure to health than wealth essays apply to the total gross earnings. If it's kept very simple and quick you'll be more likely to do it - and/or to communicate the method effectively to your partner if they are responsible for handling the health, financials, as often happens. Given this example, if in essay activities, your first year your gross revenues (banked payments received) are say ?50,000, assuming you are VAT registered, then your tax liabilities will be (roughly): From this example you can see that setting aside 45.5% of earnings (yes it's a lot isn't it - which is why you need to anticipate it and set the money aside) would comfortably cover VAT and health research income tax liabilities. To be extra safe and writers essay simpler in research papers, this example you could round it up to 50%.
The tax liability will obviously increase with increasing revenues - and in percentage terms too regarding personal income tax, since more earnings would be at the higher rate. You must therefore also monitor your earnings levels through the year and adjust your percentage tax contingency accordingly. As stated already above, the pioneer, risk of health research, under-estimating tax liabilities increases the more successful you are, because tax bills get bigger. In truth you will have some costs to offset against the earnings figures above, but again for the purposes of poverty essay, establishing a very quick principle of saving a fixed percentage as a tax reserve until you know and and fitness research can control these liabilities more accurately, the above is a very useful simple easy method of initially staying solvent and on top of than wealth essays, your tax affairs, which are for many people the most serious source of nasty financial surprises in successful start-up businesses. The above example is very simple, and is provided mainly for small start-up businesses which might otherwise neglect to provide for and fitness papers, tax liabilities. The figures and percentages are not appropriate (but the broad principle of forecasting and providing funds for colored helps dyslexia, tax liabilities is) to apply to research papers retail businesses for example, or businesses in which staff are employed, since these businesses carry significant costs of sales and overheads, which should be deducted from revenues before calculating profits and taxes liabilities. Neither does the example take account of the various ways to reduce tax liabilities by poverty essay, reinvesting profits in the business, writing off stock, putting money into health research papers pensions, charitable donations, etc.
A third tip is - in fact it's effectively a legal requirement - to inform your relevant tax authorities as soon as possible about your new business. Preferably do this a few weeks before you actually begin trading. Paper Helps! That way you can be fully informed of the tax situation - and health your best methods of dealing with tax, because there are usually different ways, and sometimes the differences can be worth quite a lot of money. I do not go into paper helps more detail about tax here because it's a very complex subject with wide variations depending on your own situation, for which you should seek relevant information and advice from a qualified accountant and/or the relevant tax authorities. template and structure for a feasibility study or project justification report. First, and importantly, you need to health clarify/confirm the criteria that need to be fulfilled in order to justify starting or continuing the project or group, in other words, what do the decision-makers need to see in paper dyslexia, order to approve the project or its continuation ? Then map these crucial approval criteria into research papers the following structure. Pioneer Of English Essay! In other words, work through the following template structure according to, and orientated as closely as you can to, the approval criteria . (These points could effectively be your feasibility study or report justification structure, and headings.) past, present and particularly future ('customer') need (for the outputs/results produced by group or project) benefits and outcomes achieved to date for what cost/investment benefits and outcomes to health and fitness research papers be produced in resume for ccna, the future resources, costs, investment , etc., required to produce future required outcomes and benefits (identify capital vs revenue costs, i.e., acquisition of major assets and ongoing overheads) alternative methods or ways of satisfying needs, with relative cost/return (return on investment) comparisons (ie., what other ways might there be for health and fitness papers, satisfying the need if the group or project doesn't happen or ceases?) outline strategy and financial plan , including people, aims, philosophy , etc (ideally tuned to meet the resume for ccna, authorising power's fulfilment criteria) for proposed start or continuation of project (assuming you have a case, and assuming there is and fitness research papers, no better alternative) Keep it simple. Essay! Keep to the facts and figures. Provide evidence.
Be clear and papers concise. Poverty Thoughts Essay! Refer to and fitness research the tips about writers effective writing. Health And Fitness Papers! If possible present your case in person to the decision-makers, with passion, calm confidence and style. Poverty! Look at the tips on presentations, and assertiveness. tips on finding and working with business planning advisors and consultants. If you need help putting together a business plan, and if you want to get the best from the engagement, it's important to research find the right person to work with, and to establish and maintain a good working relationship with them. Pioneer Writers Of English! If you are great big organisation you'll probably not need to work with outsiders, and health and fitness research if you do then you'll probably opt for a great big supplier, however there are significant benefits from working with much smaller suppliers - even single operators - and if you are a small business yourself, then this is essay on nature, probably the best choice anyway: to seek a good single operator, or small partnership of experts. Papers! Here are some ideas of what to look for.
You'll be best finding someone who meets as much of this criteria as possible: lives close-by you so you can work face-to-face with them and get to health wealth essays know each other properly, and so that their time is and fitness research papers, efficiently used, instead of being in traffic on their way to and from your place is colored dyslexia, high integrity and and fitness very discreet is health essays, grown-up and and fitness papers got no baggage or emotional triggers - wise and mature - and it needn't be an age thing can help you see and decide where and how you want to take the business, rather than tell you where he/she thinks you need to go - a mentor not an instructor understands or can immediately relate to your industry sector and essay on nature type of work is experienced working with small family companies, but is and fitness research, also a big picture strategist and visionary (advisors who've only ever worked with big corporations can sometimes be a bit free and pioneer essay easy with relatively small amounts of money - you need someone with a very very practical approach to health and fitness managing cash-flow, and real business realities, who've worked in situations without the pioneer writers essay, protection of health and fitness papers, vast corporate bureaucracy and the lack of transparency that this often brings) is triple-brained or whole-brained - mostly front-brained - (see the stuff on Benziger) - intuitive-creative, thinking, but also able to be personable and grounded, subject to the point below complements your own strengths and fills the gaps and weaknesses in your collective abilities (again see the stuff on pioneer writers essay Benziger and Jung etc) - ie., if collectively you need hard facts and figures and logic then seek people with these strengths - conversely if you are strong on all this, then seek the creative humanist ethical strengths - he/she must work with you in a balanced team - so that the team has no blind spots, and no subjective biases in style or emphasis has two or three referees you can talk to health research and see evidence of past work (although if you check most of the above it will be a formality) doesn't smoke or drink too much isn't desperate for the work. As regards finding someone like this, without doubt the most reliable and quickest method is by networking introductions through trusted people. The person you seek might be three or more links away, but if it's a friend or associate of someone trusted, by someone who's trusted, by someone you trust, then probably they'll be right for resume for ccna, you. And Fitness! Start by talking to on nature depletion people you know and asking if they know anyone, or if they know anyone who might know anyone - and take it from there. The chances of finding the right person in health and fitness research papers, the local business listings or directory, out of the blue and from cold, are pretty remote. Replying to adverts and marketing material from consultants is a lottery too.
You'll find someone eventually but you'll need to essay kiss a lot of frogs first, which takes ages and is not the cleverest way to spend your valuable time. For something so important as business planning advice or consultancy use referrals every time. Referrals work not only because you get to find someone trusted, but the person you find has a reasonable assurance that you can be trusted too, you see: good suppliers are just as choosy as good clients. It works both ways. Be prepared to reward the person in whatever way is appropriate and fair (I'm thinking percentage share of incremental success beyond expectations - perhaps even equity share if the person is and fitness research papers, really good and you'd value their on-going contribution and help). Often the essay farming, best people won't ask for health research papers, much money up front at all, but from your point of view you will attract a lot more commitment and work beyond the call of normal duty from them if you reward higher than they ask or need. Good suppliers are immensely motivated by is better, good clients and and fitness papers lots of appreciation, even if they don't want the financial reward. Good suppliers have usually seen too many ungrateful greedy people taking them for granted and penny pinching, and will tend to sack clients like these without even telling them why, and move on to more deserving enjoyable work with people who are fair and on nature appreciative, which is how you'll be I'm sure. Finally, when you've found the right person, always continually agree expectations and invite feedback about how the relationship is working, not just how the work is health research, going. starting your own business - or starting any new business.
These are the resume for ccna, simple rules for planning and starting your own business. The principles also apply to and fitness papers planning and starting a new business within an organisation for is better wealth, someone else. In amongst the distractions and details of new business planning, it is important to keep sight of the basic rules of new business success: Your successful new business must offer something unique that people want. Uniqueness is vital because otherwise there is no reason for customers to research papers buy from you. Anyone can be or create a unique business proposition by thinking about it clearly. Uniqueness comes in all shapes and sizes - it's chiefly being especially good and on nature different in a particular area, or field or sector. Uniqueness can be in a product or service, or in a trading method, or in you yourself, or any other aspect of health and fitness, your business which makes what you are offering special and appealing to people. You will develop your own unique offering first by identifying what people want and which nobody is providing properly. Second you must ensure that your chosen unique offering is also an essay extension of health and fitness, your own passion or particular expertise or strength - something you will love and enjoy being the thoughts essay, best at - whatever it is. Every successful business is built on someone's passion.
new business start-ups by health research, older people. If you already have a career behind you, and you wonder if you've got it in you to compete and succeed in the modern world, consider this. First - you have definitely got it in you to poverty thoughts essay succeed. Experience and wisdom are fundamental building blocks of success, and will be for you from the moment you start looking at yourself in this way. The reassuring wisdom that older people generally possess is health and fitness research papers, extremely helpful in forming trusting relationships - with customers, suppliers, partners, colleagues, etc - which are essential for good business. Added to this, as we get older we have a greater understanding of our true passions and resume for ccna capabilities; we know our strengths and styles and tolerances. This gives older people a very special potency in business. Older people know what they are good at. They play to health and fitness research their strengths.
They know which battles they can win, and which to poverty avoid. Older people are also typically better at health research handling change and adapting to new things than younger people. On Non Farming! This is papers, because older people have had more experience doing just this. Is Better Wealth Essays! Adapting to change and working around things are significant capabilities in achieving new business success. If you are an health and fitness research papers older person considering starting a new business, think about the thoughts, things you can do better than most other people - think about your strengths and use them. business start-ups for younger people.
Younger people can be very successful starting new businesses just as much as older people can be. The essential principle of playing to your strengths applies, although the implications are different for younger people compared to health and fitness older people. Younger people are likely to resume for ccna have lots of fresh ideas. This is an advantage, so avoid people pour cold water on them. Test your ideas on potential customers, rather than to take advice from those people who are ready with their buckets of water. Next, get the help you need. It's difficult for young people to know all the answers. You'll have the ideas and the energy to make things happen, but consider the gaps in your experience, and the things you don't enjoy doing, and seek good quality reliable help for these things. Getting good help at what you can't do or don't want to do will enable you to put all your energy into health research what you are good at and what you want to spend your time doing. Young people sometimes try to force themselves to colored helps dyslexia fit into roles or responsibilities that are not comfortable or natural. This is de-stabilising and stressful.
Learn what you love and excel at, and focus on building success from and fitness papers this. Which brings us back to playing to your strengths. All successful businesses (and people who become successful working for others) are based on the person using personal strengths and colored pursuing personal passions. Success in health research papers, business is on nature depletion, always based on doing something you love and enjoy, which is fundamentally related to health and fitness research papers your natural strengths and pioneer writers of english unique personal potential, whatever that is. The sooner you identify these things in yourself, the sooner will build sustainable business success. planning business success - in summary. Spreadsheets, mission statements, planning templates and papers other process elements of new business creation and development are tools. They enable the pioneer writers essay, business to be properly structured, started and run. Health And Fitness! They are essential of course, but in themselves they don't determine success. Business success is determined by essay farming activities, deeper factors.
Increasingly business success depends on and fitness research papers having a solid philosophical foundation - where relevant interests, inside and resume for ccna outside of the organization, are balanced rather than conflicting. The bigger the research papers, business, the more widely it must consider how it relates to external interests and responsibilities - to society and the world at large. A business with this sort of harmony and balance built into its shape and principles at the outset has a huge advantage over a business which contains tensions and resume for ccna competing pressures. Health And Fitness! Within these considerations, relationships - as explained by the Psychological Contract - are crucially important in every business. Businesses ultimately depend on people, and people depend on relationships.
Aside from this - and essay without diminishing the significance of other vital business components such as reliability, value, quality, etc., which are necessary merely to survive at a basic level - uniqueness and passion are the remaining special ingredients for success: Uniqueness (just one word, with so many implications) - so that people will want what you offer, and Passion, so that you will enjoy being and health and fitness research offering your best - and so that this belief and commitment conveys to others.
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9 Ways to papers, Make Speech Therapy Homework Work for You. There are many benefits of doing speech therapy exercises at home. Health Is Better! More practice usually means faster improvement 1 , and therapy with software 2 at home or with a volunteer 3 has been shown to be effective. But do you or a loved one find yourself going home from the speech therapist’s office with the best of intentions only to lose enthusiasm after a day or two? Don’t get discouraged! This may be the first time you’ve had to research, do “homework” in years and you may need to (re)establish good homework habits to is better wealth, set yourself up for success. Here are some tips to papers, help you get started: Put homework on on nature depletion, the calendar like any other important appointment.
Pick a time of day when you have energy and can focus. Schedule your speech therapy exercises for and fitness research that time every day to establish a habit. Is Better Than! If your goal is an hour of practice every day, don’t feel that you have to and fitness research papers, do it all at once. You can break up homework into 20- or 30-minute chunks to help prevent mental fatigue and boredom. Remember: consistency is what matters. Just 20 minutes a day for 4 weeks #8212; that#8217;s all it took for every single participant with aphasia to show improvement using our Language Therapy 4-in-1 app at home in a research study at Cambridge. If your speech-language pathologist (SLP) doesn’t give you a specific set of exercises, it may be up to you to decide what you’re going to do each day and when. It’s a good idea to make a “sandwich” of difficulty. That is, start with something that’s not too challenging to warm up the brain, then move to the harder tasks, then finish up with something a bit easier to thoughts, leave yourself feeling confident. Health! Find a place in your home that’s comfortable, but not too comfortable to do your work.
If the couch or a recliner leaves you too relaxed, your focus may relax too. Sitting at the kitchen table or at a desk is a good idea, as it can put you into a work mindset. Of course, if sitting upright in a chair is physically uncomfortable, you won’t be able to focus on your work either. Background noise makes it difficult to essay depletion, focus, so turn off the TV or radio when you do your homework. Health And Fitness! Silence the alerts on health is better wealth essays, your phone and computer. Pick a time when family members aren’t all in the same room. Sometimes a peaceful background of music can help you focus, so experiment with what works for you. A communication partner can be a big help with speech therapy exercises. A helper can let you know whether an answer is correct or clear, provide cues when you’re stuck, or engage in conversation to help you practice a strategy. They may be able to offer technical help, should you need it, if you’re practicing with a computer or tablet. Having your helper attend some of your speech therapy sessions can be useful too.
The helper will learn tips from the therapist that they can reinforce at home. Research! Homework helpers can join you via Skype, Facetime, or phone as well, so your loved ones can still support you even if they don’t live nearby. One way to start is by using Conversation Therapy, an app designed to be used by two or more people. The interesting topics and structured questions encourage discussion and back-and-forth communication to help you work on speech and helps language goals at home. Even couples who can seemingly read each others#8217; minds will find something new to papers, talk about using this app. If you find yourself getting angry or frustrated while you’re practicing, stop. Of English! Take a break. Breathe deeply and calm down. Practice is supposed to health research, help you get better.
If the speech therapy exercises leave you feeling frustrated, they’re probably too hard or you’re too tired. Ask for help. Essay! Or pick an easier activity or setting. Health Research! If you start to associate homework with negative emotions, you probably won’t stick to your schedule. You need to watch out for negative feelings, and pioneer essay change what you’re doing the instant you feel them. It’s important to set goals for yourself, and and fitness research papers just as important to on non farming activities, reward yourself when you reach them. Simply sticking to your practice schedule is a huge achievement, so give yourself credit for that.
The number of health and fitness research, items you get correct doesn’t matter as much as the fact that you’re trying. Health Is Better! Your efforts will pay off over time, and that can be its own reward. 8) Use your Skills Outside Homework Time. Health And Fitness Research! The point of home speech therapy exercises isn’t to essay on non activities, get good at research home exercises—it’s to improve your thinking and communication skills while you’re engaged in activities that matter to you. This is what SLPs call “carryover.” It isn’t always easy, but carryover is the goal of any exercise. Practice your homework strategies throughout the essay on non farming day. If you’ve been working on health and fitness papers, describing words, for example, try to describe the words you can’t think of essay on non activities, during dinner conversation. Ask family and friends to encourage you to papers, use your strategies as you go about your day. Nobody likes being corrected all the time, though, so it’s okay to health than wealth, set times when you want reminders and times when you just want to be left to speak as you please. Make sure you’re clear with friends and families about which times are which.
Try combining these tips with an app that’s specifically designed to help adults recover their language skills after a stroke or some other type of and fitness papers, acquired brain injury. Essay Depletion! Tactus Therapy apps are designed by a Speech-Language Pathologist to allow you to practice the research same skills you work on in therapy, at home. Essay On Nature! You can trust that the speech therapy exercises are based on research papers, techniques known to paper dyslexia, help adults with acquired communication disorders. We want you to succeed! With a Tactus Therapy app, you can get in health papers, more repetitions and practice between therapy sessions—and this can help speed up your progress. Try any or all of our apps for resume for ccna FREE by downloading the Lite versions. Start with Language Therapy Lite, a sample of our best-selling app for aphasia, on the App Store or Google Play. Answer a few simple questions and you#8217;ll be shown the best apps for health research you with our App Finder wizard. Then you can try them for essay on non farming activities free!
Do you have clients who would benefit from receiving these homework success tips? Download this handout and share it with them. 1: Bhogal, SanjitK., Robert Teasell, and Mark Speechley. #8220;Intensity of aphasia therapy, impact on recovery.#8221; Stroke 34.4 (2003): 987-993. Full Text. 2: Palmer, Rebecca, et al. #8220;Computer Therapy Compared With Usual Care for People With Long-Standing Aphasia Poststroke A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.#8221; Stroke 43.7 (2012): 1904-1911. Full Text. 3: Brady, Marian C., et al. #8220;Speech and language therapy for aphasia following stroke.#8221; Cochrane Database Syst Rev 5 (2012): CD000425. Full PDF. Top 10 Dysphagia Education Resources for Clinicians.
Best practice in and fitness research papers, swallowing disorders is changing quickly as the science evolves. Don't let your . Poverty Thoughts! read more. 10 Tips for and fitness research papers Leading an pioneer of english Aphasia Writing Therapy Group. Learn about writing impairments (dysgraphia) in aphasia and how to treat them. Guest SLP Megan . read more.
Swallowing disorders are serious business, and and fitness research the speech-language pathologists who assess and treat them need . read more. Comments are closed. We r so busy this fall! Working on a new #slpapp, updating older apps w/ cool new features getting ready 4 #ASHA17! What r ur projects? © 2011 – 2017 Tactus Therapy Solutions Ltd. | All rights reserved.
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Essay on Epilepsy: It’s Causes Diagnosis and Treatment. Essay on Epilepsy: It’s Causes Diagnosis and Treatment! Having the oldest history among all mental disorders, and most widely known and found throughout the history of human beings, epilepsy refers to health and fitness papers, a group of writers brain disorders, the chief symptoms of which are partial or complete loss of consciousness with or without convulsive behaviour or psychomotor disturbances. Image Courtesy : goeshealth.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/epilepsy-patient.jpg. Epilepsy is caused by papers brain lesions or other disorders leading to paper dyslexia, a disturbance of the rhythm of electrical discharges of health brain cells. In the middle age epileptics were considered as the curse of poverty God. But later on it was believed to be mainly the result of chronic brain pathology having its origin in and fitness, the cerebrum.
Epilepsy is also called falling disease, fits, or convulsions. As a result of chronic brain pathology there are unpredictable seizures and frequent states of delirium which of course remain for a short duration. Epilepsy, in fact, does not denote a specific disease, but a symptom. Epilepsy constitutes an important mental health problem. It is the most common chronic neurological disease having a prevalence of about 1 per cent in the general population. It has been estimated that thirty to fifty per cent of all epileptic subjects have significant psychiatric difficulties. Although the incidence of psychoses is high in resume for ccna, epilepsy, personality disturbances lead to a lot of psychiatric problems. Epilepsy includes a chronic condition of recurrent or repeated seizures.
A seizure is a transient, paroxysmal, patho-physiological disturbance of cerebral function caused by a spontaneous excessive discharge of cortical neurons. A seizure may be abnormal movements or an arrest of movement, a disorder of sensation or perception or a disturbance of behaviour or an impairment of consciousness. Almost any required or genetic pathological process involving the brain may cause epilepsy. The symptoms of epilepsy include falling down, shaking of hands, legs and bodies, biting the teeth, foaming in the mouth etc. Also is found paroxysmal bursts of abnormal cortical activity which leads to a rhythmic pattern of E.E.G. showing abnormalities in the rate and voltage of these currents.
Though epilepsy is irreversible, it on the whole does not involve the progressive deterioration and dementia commonly found in the syphilitic, presenile and senile demetias. The epileptic seizures involve loss or distortion of consciousness and psychological and physical symptoms. Though about 20 per cent of these epileptic fits may be attributed to chronic brain disorders such as tumours, inflammation or trauma in the brain, more than 75 per cent of the health research papers epileptic fits are called idiopathic epilepsy as they do not have any known cause. Recent report indicates that the incidence of epilepsy is found in about 1 person in 100 in the U.S.A. Poverty Thoughts! which tentatively affects between 2 and 3 million people. Though epilepsy is not limited to any age group, it is more common in children and research adolescents than adults. About 50 per cent of the recorded epileptic cases belong to the age under 15 years. The epileptics continue their normal life otherwise and writers of english essay usually do not need hospitalisation; unless there is research serious complication. Chances are equal for essay farming, both the health papers sexes though it is more frequent in males.
Jackson (1931) defined epilepsy as “the name for occasional, sudden, excessive, rapid and local discharges of grey matter.” This view of Jackson has been amply confirmed by the E.E.G. or brain waves of epileptic patients. Comparison of the brain waves of epileptic and normal patient shows a great difference in amplitude and frequency. The normal people show a constant brain system such as a mean frequency of 10 waves per second while the E.E.G. systems of the epileptics are unusually large due to the increased voltage and furthermore they are either too fast or too slow. Though rhythm disturbances are most marked in actual attack even during the periods when there is no attack, in 85 per cent of the patients, transient disturbances of rhythm are observed. Great individual differences occur so far as the frequency of colored paper dyslexia attack is concerned. Some persons have a few attacks during their lifetime while others have several attacks in a year. Seizures are broadly characterised as partial seizures (caused by a focal lesion) and research papers generalised seizure (caused by farming activities diffuse brain dysfunction). Health And Fitness Research Papers! The psychiatric manifestations of epilepsy are divided into those associated with seizures itself and those occurring between seizures (interracially). According to Ervin (1967) the epilepsy may be categorised on the basis of the type of colored seizure manifested.
Kolb (1963) and Ervin (1967) hold that in some cases the type of seizure manifested may depend upon the heredity, though the health research exact nature of the hereditary defect is yet unknown. Kolb (1977) has broadly categorised epilepsy into (1) symptomatic or acquired epilepsy (2) idiopathic or essential epilepsy. It is called symptomatic epilepsy as it is the function of brain damage caused by factors other than epilepsy. Symptomatic epilepsy includes those types of convulsions and seizures that occur in quite a numbers of brain syndromes like neuro syphilis, acute alcohol or drug hysteria, intoxication, tumour etc. or other toxic condition. Idiopathic epilepsy is due to some constitutional defect. It is genuine and it has no relation with the toxic condition of the brain. Certain cases have no known cause for the convulsive disorder.
Idiopathic epileptics have usually early onset. They occur at anytime, at any place and are different from essay, hysterical fits in this regard. About 30 per cent of the epileptics are classified as symptomatic and 60 per cent as idiopathic and and fitness research papers the remaining 10 per on nature depletion cent are unclassified. Epilepsy has been classified in the West by Wilson (1940) into Grandmal or major; Petitmal or minor and psychomotor equivalent and Jacksoniad types. This classification is health based on the area and the degree of colored brain damage. In the words of Coleman (1981) it is the and fitness most prevalent and is better than wealth spectacular form of the epileptic seizure and it occurs in some 60 per cent of the cases. Grandmal has four stages: (a) The aura or warning.
(b) Tonic phase or attack proper. In the aura or warning stage the initial sign of seizure occurs. It arises a few seconds or before a day prior to the onset of the convulsion; where a signal or warning about the coming danger is experienced. This is associated with headache, unusual sensory experiences such as strange smells or sounds, fear or dizziness. And Fitness Research! It may also consist of numbness, tingling, and a sense of distress in the stomach, hallucinated light flashes, voices, stiffness, choking, sensation and feeling of strong-ness. Next comes the tonic phase. Here actual convulsion is experienced. It is the onset of fit proper. Is Better Than Wealth Essays! During the health and fitness papers onset of fits there is violent respiratory disturbance and the face becomes blue.
In this stage the body of the victim becomes rigid. Air is suddenly expelled from the lungs producing a crying sound. He loses consciousness and falls on the ground. The arms and trunks are flexed and legs are stretched. The eyes become wide open and breathing is suspended during this period. As the person falls, his entire voluntary musculature goes into a continuous contraction. Resume For Ccna! This period fortunately lasts for about 20 to 30 seconds.
The generalised spasm includes the health and fitness research papers muscles of the chest, abdomen and the larynx. The clonic phase follows the tonic phase. This period is characterised by contraction and relaxation leading to jerking movements which continue for about one to several minutes. During this stage violent continuous and jerking movements of the limbs are produced and the jaws are open and close. He can seriously wound his tongue by biting it at resume for ccna this stage.
In the clonic phase the EEG spikes of the tonic stage continues but there is decrement in frequency to papers, one per essay second and increase in amplitude. Fourthly saliva is usually present tinged with blood from a bitten tongue or cheek. After the clonic phase the coma phase starts where the individual still continues to remain in research papers, unconscious stage but there is a complete stop of convulsions. The person during the coma stage sleeps deeply for a long period. Some persons sleep for resume for ccna, a few hours or may awaken immediately and when they gain consciousness, they have no memory for the events immediately preceding the convulsions and experiences involved therein. In some rare cases, however, one convulsion may follow another, still another. Such cases are rare but when occur pose danger to the life of the patient. It will cause death if not treated at once. In the post conversant period some patients become so much confused that they forget about the attack or are even not conscious of and fitness research papers their action. The patient comes out of the coma stage and returns immediately to the normal stage.
He may either complain of headache or may feel relaxed. Resume For Ccna! In certain cases, attack proper is accompanied by emotional pathology. The external physical signs of the research papers coma stage are very few. Thoughts Essay! Sometimes the object held in the hand falls down and the person looks pale. It is and fitness research a small or incomplete grandmal convulsion. Resume For Ccna! In this type of seizure there is a loss of and fitness research papers consciousness for colored helps dyslexia, 5 to 30 seconds. In this category, there is health and fitness research no aura or warning signal and the patient does not fall down. The patient only stops all his activities and stares vacantly on the ground.
But nevertheless, he resumes his activity after a few seconds. Resume For Ccna! He may however throw the thing which he is holding. This stage comes so suddenly that even the patient is health papers not aware that a convulsion has already taken place. There are instances of petitmal convulsions occurring 100 times per day. This type of convulsion begins early in life between 4 and 8 years and decreases with the increase in age.
The E.E.G. record during the essay on non farming activities petitmal period reveals bursts of health and fitness papers spike and poverty essay slow wave activity. In other words, the brain wave is slow and health research papers fast alternatively. In this type of thoughts essay seizure there are fair chances of recovery. Health! It is said that this attack occurs because of a decreased carbon dioxide content of the on non farming activities breath. The attacks of the psychomotor equivalent are same as the post conversant period. There is great loss of consciousness. The individual indulges in various antisocial and irrational activities. Psychomotor seizures are connected with abnormal EEG in specific parts of the brain.
The main characteristic of this type varies significantly from patient to patient. However, it is said to and fitness research, produce changes in perception, self awareness, thought patterns and on nature depletion mood. The attack starts with unusual small and lasts for and fitness research, a few seconds up to several minutes. There is loss of consciousness but the person continues with his work at that time. During this period of attack they are said to become violent, destructive and often commit crimes. But experimental studies do not confirm this view.
In this type of epilepsy there is a typical EEG disturbance in the region of an anterior temporal lobe. So this type of epilepsy is quite difficult to treat. However, Penfield and his associates have reported improvement and even in farming activities, some cases complete cure with the removal of the lobe. There is excessive anger and emotional outbursts. Attempts for suicide and health and fitness research papers homicide are found in some cases. This type of epilepsy was first described by the English neurologist Hiegh Lings Jackson and so it is wealth also called Jacksonian epilepsy. Like psychomotor seizures it is related to abnormal EEG activity in specific parts of the brain. The attack first starts in one part of the body with a tingling or numbing sensation around the corner of the mouth or in a thumb along with muscle switches and burning sensations.
Gradually this sensation spreads to adjourning part of the body until half of the body or full body is involved. The variation in sensation depends upon research papers the area of the brain affected. Thoughts! There is gradual loss of consciousness. The attack then becomes similar to grandmal epilepsy. When the clinical manifestations of epilepsy are more emotional or psychotic and when changes in level of consciousness and level of cognition are not apparent difficulty relating to diagnosis arises in health and fitness papers, distinguishing an organic mental disorder of on nature epileptic origin from a psychiatric disorder. This is type of episodic psychiatric dysfunction should always be suspected to be epileptic provided it occurs in patient in whom epilepsy has been diagnosed previously. Further the health diagnosis is confirmed if continuous or nearly continuous epileptic discharges are observed during the attack. Unfortunately, the diagnosis of epilepsy becomes more difficult in patients who are not known to have epilepsy earlier. In such cases, if he following four clinical features are noticed in the patient, it can be said to writers essay, have the possibility of epilepsy.
1. Health! Abrupt onset of psychoses in a person, previously considered as psychologically healthy. 2. Abrupt onset of delirium that cannot be accounted for by more common causes. 3. A history of similar episodes with abrupt and spontaneous onset and remission. 4. A history of previous fainting or falling episodes that could not be explained. Personality disturbances in epileptic patients: Personality disturbances are more frequently reported in epileptic patients. These disorders are more likely to occur in patients with epilepsy of essay on nature temporal lobe origin. These disorders and personality changes include changes in sexual behaviour, viscosity (stickiness), religiosity and a heightened experience of emotions. Viscosity is most noticeable in the conversation of the patient which is mostly slow, serious, pedantic, overly replete with detail, and full of nonessential matters.
This tendency is also reflected in the writing and drawing of the health research patient. However, it is seen that many patients are not affected by personality disturbances. Others suffer from a variety of disturbances which cannot be said to be personality disturbances. The causes of epilepsy have been attributed to on nature, hereditary factors by many investigators. Reports are available which suggest that typical epileptic brain waves are found in close relatives. About one-third of the institutionalised, one fifth of the non-institutionalised epileptic patients have a family of epilepsy. The parents, brothers and sisters of the epileptics are expected to have seizures five times more than that for the general population. Health And Fitness Research Papers! When one of the identical twins has epileptic fit, in 61 to 67 per cent of the cases, the essay other twin has also fits; 86 per cent of the cot wins of idiopathic patients have also fits. In cases of fraternal twins, when one child suffers from epilepsy in 11 per cent of the cases the other twin is affected by epilepsy. Research! According to on nature depletion, the irritation theory epileptic seizures occur as a result of direct stimulation or irritation of the cerebral cortex.
This neurological theory argues that injury makes the and fitness papers neural tissues of the cortex hyper sensitive to the stimulation. Cerebral dysrhythmia, which predisposes an individual to have seizures, is present in about 85 per cent of the epileptic patients during periods when even they are free from attacks and in 53 per cent of essay farming their close relatives and 10 per cent of the unselected general population. All these data give sufficient evidence to hold that epilepsy is mainly a disease of heredity. In the papers opinion of Page (1976) “Seizure prone individuals apparently inherit a somewhat unstable nervous system whose faulty functioning is revealed by abnormal brain waves.” But it is a fact that many people who inherit a predisposition do not have seizures. Moreover, the nervous systems of identical twins are derived from the same genes and the recorded electrical discharges of the brain cells are practically identical. From that point of view, all the cotwins of identical epileptic twins should have convulsions but only 61 to 86 per is better cent are affected.
What about the rest. If we accept heredity as the only aetiology of epilepsy this would not explain the causes of the remaining epileptic cases. If epilepsy is cent per cent inherited all cases of health and fitness twins should have been epileptics because they are derived from the same genes and same nervous system. This is, however, not a fact, E.E.G. records also show inconsistencies. Thus, the most reasonable explanation to these inconsistencies is that individuals do not inherit convulsions. What is in reality inherited is the physical constitution (and not the seizure or fits) which has a high or low potentiality for having epileptic attacks. If a person is highly predisposed, he is expected to have an attack. It has also been observed that the first born children who usually experience greater birth trauma and minor brain lesions are more susceptible to convulsions.
Similarly, certain percentage of resume for ccna epileptic fits may be accounted to differences in order of birth, difficulty in delivery and head injuries in later life. Difference in precipitating causes such as injury in the brain and biochemical disturbances make the constitution more predisposed to fits. Keeping the heredity sound, head injuries, brain lesions and papers biochemical disturbances also are likely to produce convulsions. However, reports show that less than 5 per cent of writers epileptic attack is due to head injury. It is health papers true to some extent that a few cases of epilepsy are caused by emotional stresses. Studies at the same time however indicate that the importance of emotional stress in epilepsy has been over-emphasised. As Fox has noted there is no increase in the number of seizures during intense emotional excitement and paper helps activities connected with air raids. About 5 per health and fitness cent of the cases showed an attack but 95 per cent remained undisturbed. Studying a number of epileptic patients, Clark (1933) has reported four important personality traits present in the epileptics. They are eccentricity, poverty of thoughts emotions, hypersensitivity and rigidity. Gibbs (1968) on the contrary reported to have found some positive traits in health and fitness papers, epileptics.
They are intellectually bright with pleasant personal experiences, courage to face problems of essay farming activities life without getting depressed and losing competency in work. Petitmal attacks are very mild and research hence may not require any attention, but with respect to pioneer writers, grandmal attack, it is desirable to protect the health and fitness research papers patient from on nature depletion, injury by keeping a pillow or some soft object under his head during the attack. Biting of tongue and health and fitness papers lips can be prevented by inserting a handkerchief in the mouth. Currently certain drugs like Luminal, sodium dilantin and higher doses of bromide are used to reduce the incidence of epilepsy. It has been noted that these drugs raise the convulsion threshold and writers essay have a normalising effect on the brain rhythms. According to Coleman (1981) “Fortunately drug medication and other treatment measures make it possible to prevent seizures in 80 per cent or more epileptics”.
But unfortunately, drugs do not always help. If the dose becomes excessive it may lead to confusion and other complications. In case of violent attacks accompanied by excitement, confusion and various psychotic symptoms, it is advised to institutionalise the patient. Epileptics should not be allowed to drive cars, or even to engage themselves in occupations where a fall or unconsciousness may lead to danger. In a few cases, where a circumscribed brain area is affected, surgery may do some good. Mental retardation should be kept to the minimum to and fitness, decrease the number of attacks. Resume For Ccna! The patients should be kept emotionally sound; they should be kept engaged in some occupation and be given job opportunities. Regular work keeps the patient engaged and reduces the number of and fitness research attacks. The patient himself must learn to accept his own problem and should try to adjust with the resume for ccna circumstances around him.
The misconceptions regarding epilepsy can be erased by educational efforts and propaganda through audio-visual aids. This can help the epileptics boost their self confidence, to change their self image in health, a positive direction and finally to live normal lives. Current laws permit the poverty thoughts seizure free epileptics to and fitness research papers, drive motor vehicles. In a few cases, a diet rich in fats and poor in starch and proteins has been found helpful. Poverty Thoughts! The water intake should also be kept at a minimum.
This is research popularly known as dehydration treatment. Steps should be taken to maintain a healthy and cheerful personality of the paper helps patient. Trails like ego-centralism, bad temper and hyper sensitiveness should be avoided to reduce the frequency of and fitness attacks. Proper personal and social adjustment is desirable. By the resume for ccna psychological treatment of the patient and his family, pleasant and happy personality can be maintained. He must accept the disease openly. Parents should also learn to accept it.
They should never resent it. Their attitude towards the health and fitness research papers epileptic child should be same as the normal child. The patient should not develop any complex for his disease. Special workshops should be introduced for the epileptics who at colored least develops the health and fitness research sense of self-esteem of the patient and improve his outlook towards life. Finally the attitude towards the essay on non farming activities epileptic patient should be one of health research papers understanding and sympathy rather than disgust, fear and ridicule.
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Free High School Student Resume Templates for Teens. If you’ve never made a resume before, it can seem more difficult than the job search itself. Health And Fitness! Fortunately, making a resume is as simple as following a format. With some key information in the right order, anyone can create one. Your First Job Resume: What It Is and Why You Need It. A resume is a one-page document that summarizes your experience, skills, and other information . Thoughts! The purpose is to show you’re a perfect candidate for the position you are applying for. And Fitness Papers! It should be formal, professional, and relevant. Resumes give potential employers a way to learn about applicants quickly and easily, and they are your first step toward new job opportunities.
An interview might also be needed to land the job, but a resume is necessary to colored helps dyslexia start the health papers process. Resumes let employers quickly screen out than, job seekers who don’t have the right experience and qualifications. A well-crafted resume that highlights your experience will set you apart from the health and fitness competition. Even if you have little or no work experience yet, these guidelines will get you on track to having a great entry-level resume and resume for ccna all the health and fitness opportunities that come with it. There are three basic resume formats to choose from: chronological, functional, and essay depletion combination.
It helps to familiarize yourself with these options before deciding on the right resume template for health papers, you. This is one of the most common resume formats. It lists your work history in reverse chronological order, starting with the pioneer essay most recent position. It is often headed with a “Career Objective” section. We will talk about and fitness papers these sections in more detail later in this post. On a chronological resume you’ll also want to list your education in reverse chronological order, starting with the most recent school you attended or relevant course you’ve taken.
This is a common resume format. It’s easy for employers to scan a chronological resume quickly and get an idea of your experience. Essay! This kind of resume highlights your work history, so it’s great if you’ve had impressive employment opportunities. If you don’t have much work history, or your work history isn’t relevant to health research the job you want, this type of resume may not be best for you. Prospective employers will throw your resume in the “No” pile if all they see is essay on non farming activities work that’s not related to and fitness research the job they are looking to fill, or if your resume looks empty because you didn’t have much experience to list. A functional resume format highlights other sections, like skills and activities, over work experience. This type of resume focuses on pioneer of english essay, what you know or what you can do, rather than what you’ve done at specific jobs. It will probably still have some sort of work history section, but it will be placed at the bottom rather than at the top of the health page. Your work history might not be listed in chronological order on this type of resume. On Non Activities! In fact, it might not have dates at all, but be listed in order of relevance instead.
This type of resume can be great if you have little or no conventional work experience. It can hide long gaps in between jobs, and can draw attention to health and fitness research your other skills or activities. Most employers will be accustomed to the chronological resume format. They will likely know that the reason you chose this format is because you have less work experience or less consistent job history than other job seekers. But that doesn’t necessarily mean you’re a less desirable candidate. Like a functional resume, a combination resume puts your skills and resume for ccna activities first and health and fitness research papers foremost. However, this type of resume for ccna resume also lists your work experience in research reverse chronological order. It just doesn’t put it near the top like a chronological resume does.
This hybrid style gives a balance between promoting your skills and essay your work history. For teens with work experience that’s impressive but short, this kind of resume is research papers ideal. You can show off your work history, but also fill in writers of english more space by research talking about your skills and other knowledge you have. It’s also useful if the work history you have doesn’t quite fit with the job you’re looking for. With a combination resume, you can put the skills that are relevant to your ideal job first, but still give details about resume for ccna your past work experience. Making a combination resume can feel overwhelming, since it uses so much information. Health And Fitness Papers! Be careful to use only the writers most relevant information so it doesn’t become cluttered or too wordy. How to Create a Good High School Student Resume. Your resume always needs to health and fitness include your name and contact information. List your name, phone number, email address, and city at the top of your resume. Is Better Essays! You don’t need to include your full street address, but you can if you’d like.
Everything else can be adjusted to fit your unique experience. And Fitness Papers! For example, your resume could include any of the following: Work Experience or Work History Education Career Objective or Summary Professional Skills or Other Skills Activities Hobbies and resume for ccna Interests Achievements, Awards, and Honors References. Each of these sections will consist of a heading in bold or slightly larger font, followed by details about that section. For example, under the “Education” heading, you might list the schools you’ve attended and the subjects you focused on. Remember, you probably won’t use all of these headings. Just pick the ones that are most relevant to you and the job you’re seeking.
Every section requires a slightly different approach. Let’s break it down and health and fitness see how it works. This can be a difficult section to pioneer tackle on a teen resume, since you might not have any work experience yet. And Fitness Research Papers! Don’t worry though. Everyone was in writers essay the same situation when they were looking for health, their first job! If you have no work experience, you can leave this section out and essay on nature focus on the other sections. If you do have official work experience, it’s important to mention it in this section, especially if it is a job similar to health and fitness the one you are applying for. Even if you weren’t officially employed, you probably have more work experience to put on your resume than you think. Part-time work like babysitting, lawn mowing, tutoring, and essay activities even volunteer experience or community service all count as good examples of work experience on and fitness research papers, a teen resume. Under the colored paper dyslexia “Work Experience” heading, list the name of the company you worked for, your job title, and research papers dates of on non farming employment. You should also list your responsibilities, duties, and and fitness papers accomplishments.
That way, it’s clear what kind of essay activities experience you gained. Use two or three bullet points to health research list your responsibilities and duties for than wealth, each job. See our sample high school student resume templates below for real-world examples of work experience sections. In the “Education” section, state the health research high school you attended or presently attend and the years you were there or the date you expect to graduate. For example: Crescent High School – Arlington, Virginia. Expected graduation date: May 2017.
If there are classes you’ve taken that are relevant to the job you want, you can list that relevant coursework here. You can mention your future education plans too. For example: I have been accepted to Chicago State University, and I am planning to major in essay business law I will be taking my AP classes next month to health research papers prepare for college I will begin attending Chicago State University this fall. The “Career Objective” section shows what kind of job you’re looking for. It consists of one or two sentences near the top of your resume that describe your desired job. Essay On Non Activities! For example: Offer excellent hostess service in a busy local restaurant Apply my computer skills to practical work Provide quality delivery for local food business. You can also extend your objective statement into a summary.
A summary is a short paragraph that summarizes your experience and key skills. For example: I am an energetic, enthusiastic, and health and fitness papers active individual with a strong knowledge of essay on non activities grocery items and their use by health people from different economic and social backgrounds. I have a business mindset and am willing to apply these skills as a grocery store employee. This section might seem unnecessary, but it can actually be very helpful to potential employers. It gives you a chance to describe yourself and your goals in your own words. It can also be useful when you don’t have much concrete work experience, but do have skills that potential employers should know about. Make sure the objective or summary is short, clear, and professional. Professional Skills or Other Skills. You likely have skills that could be relevant to a particular position you are applying for.
These can be listed under “Professional Skills.” Make sure the skills are relevant to the job you want. If you are applying for a gardener job, no need to essay depletion mention “Ability to handle cash register”, since that skill doesn’t apply to that job. Health And Fitness Papers! But you might mention, “Ability to depletion use lawn mower and health research gardening tools safely.” If you have no work experience, this section can help demonstrate whether you are a good fit for essay on non farming, the position. You can also list skills that come from your school or hobbies under “Other Skills.” Make sure they’re still related in research papers some way to resume for ccna what potential employers are looking for. What are some key skills you might list?
Creativity Leadership Adaptability Flexibility Positivity Problem-solving Communication Independence Self-motivation Ability to work under pressure. This section gives an employer insight into your character and interests. It might even tie into the “Skills” section. Think of health and fitness papers extracurricular activities, sports, and clubs you have participated in. Taking a lead role in a school play?
You are probably creative. Playing football? You might be a good team player. These are qualities that employers are looking for. Some examples of colored helps school activities that could look good on a resume include: Sports : playing sports in a association or for fun, outdoor activities, fitness training, taking sport lessons, coaching. Culture : creating art works, shows, plays, films, games, singing or dancing, DIY projects, creative workshops. Research! Community : raising donations for various organizations or humanitarian causes, organizing events, helping kids, seniors, animals, or the environment, promoting community enhancements. Just like with skills, only list relevant activities here. Write down the on non farming activity, dates, and your role/position.
For example: West River Hospital, volunteer, summer 2012 Crescent High School Soccer Team, captain, 2005 – 2013 Stage Drama Festival, lead role, summer 2011. If your resume is short on work experience, you can list more details about papers your activities to show what you gained from them. Writers Of English Essay! You might use bullet points to and fitness papers write what your responsibilities were or what skills you used in these activities. This section is similar to activities, as it tells an pioneer writers essay employer more about health research your character. Simply make a list of hobbies that might be of essay interest to health research potential employers. Essay Farming! For example: Reading books Playing tennis Painting and sculpture. It’s great to mention major achievements and awards you’ve earned at school or in your activities. Prospective employers like to health and fitness research see accomplishments that show commitment and poverty hard work. Health Papers! For example:
Student of the Month, March 2013 Perfect Attendance Award, September 2012 Honor Roll, fall 2012. A reference should be someone who can vouch for essay on non activities, your knowledge and health skills, or who can confirm your work experience. Your teachers, coaches, or former employers can be good references. Paper Helps! Listing your friends or family as references is health and fitness research not recommended, but can be acceptable if you worked for them. Remember that you must ask a person to serve as a reference before you can list them as one. Many people simply write “References Available on Request” at the bottom of their resumes. If you do this, make sure you actually have those references available in health wealth case a prospective employer requests them. Papers! However, if you have limited experience to put on your resume, you might want to list the names and contact information of your references on your resume. Free High School Student Resume Examples. These teen resume samples will make getting started easy.
There are general purpose high school student resume templates, as well as resumes for specific work experience. These samples will guide you with a professional resume format and a basic idea of what to is better than essays write. We also have High School Graduate Resumes and papers other professional resume templates. Creative babysitter resume sample with a summary, education, related and personal skills, hobbies, and references examples. Size: 183 B Downloads: 6267 Filename: babysitter-cv-template-sample.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:21:00 / 3136. Generic design with sample content (skills, knowledge) for a position in a fast food industry.
Size: 183 B Downloads: 7437 Filename: fast-food-employee-cv.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:34:00 / 3138. Basic design and common content for any type of position. Size: 183 B Downloads: 27350 Filename: geneal-purpose-high-school-resume.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:36:00 / 3140. Another multi-purpose sample, with blue header theme. Includes customer work and volunteer experience. Size: 183 B Downloads: 18035 Filename: teenager-cv-sample.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:38:00 / 3142. Sample for essay on nature depletion, position in gardening or landscape. Research Papers! Creative design theme to attract attention.
Size: 183 B Downloads: 3046 Filename: lawn-care-gardening-job-application.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:39:00 / 3144. Resume sample for students who would like to essay activities promote tutoring services to other students or student#039;s parents. Size: 183 B Downloads: 4214 Filename: student-tutor-cv-sample.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:41:00 / 3146. Generic resume sample for part-time grocery store job. Can be easily modified for similar positions in different stores.
Size: 183 B Downloads: 6589 Filename: grocery-store-application.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:42:00 / 3148. Elegant resume for server or host position in a restaurant. Health Research Papers! Can also be used for kitchen help, cook help, busser, etc. Size: 183 B Downloads: 4310 Filename: waitress-or-hostess-job.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:44:00 / 3150. Sample teen resume for full-time or part-time volunteer job for a candidate with previous volunteer work. Size: 183 B Downloads: 4676 Filename: volunteer-position-application.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:45:00 / 3152.
Sample resume for resume for ccna, part-time position in warehouse. Size: 183 B Downloads: 5313 Filename: warehouse-position.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:47:00 / 3154. Sample resume for health and fitness, an apprentice welder and assisting in different welding projects. Size: 183 B Downloads: 3777 Filename: welder-helper-job.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:48:00 / 3156. Professional sample for a food delivery position. Essay On Nature! Can be easily modified for a different position in research the food industry. Size: 183 B Downloads: 26441 Filename: food-industry-position.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:17:00 / 3134. 855.213.0348 | MON-FRI 8A-8P, SAT 8A-5P, SUN 10A-6P CST.
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